Shanghai Jiao Tong University

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Shanghai Jiao Tong University
上海交通大学
Shanghai Jiao Tong University seal
Motto 饮水思源, 爱国荣校[1]
Motto in English When you drink water, never shall you forget its source; love your motherland and add credit to your Alma Mater[2]
Established 1896
Type Public
President Zhang Jie
Academic staff 2,979
Undergraduates 16,802[3]
Postgraduates 19,436 Master Candidates
5,059 Ph.D. Candidates[4]
Location Shanghai, China
31°12′03″N 121°25′47″E / 31.20083°N 121.42972°E / 31.20083; 121.42972 (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)Coordinates: 31°12′03″N 121°25′47″E / 31.20083°N 121.42972°E / 31.20083; 121.42972 (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
Campus Urban
Former names Nanyang Public School
Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung
National Chiao Tung University
Jiao Tong University
Affiliations C9, Universitas 21
Website 中文 en
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Simplified Chinese 上海交通大学
Traditional Chinese 上海交通大學

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (上海交通大学; colloquially known in Chinese as Jiao Da 交大), also referred to as SJTU, Shanghai Jiaotong University (no space) or simply Jiaotong University, is a public research university located in Shanghai, China. Established in 1896 by an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, the university is renowned as one of the oldest and most prestigious and selective universities in China. SJTU is a member of China's C9 League and Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance.

The university also annually produces the Academic Ranking of World Universities.

History[edit]

In 1896, Nanyang Public School (南洋公學) was founded in Shanghai by an imperial edict issued by Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the imperial government. Four schools were established: the normal school, school of foreign studies, middle school and a high school. Sheng Xuanhuai, the mandarin responsible for proposing the idea to Guangxu Emperor, became the first president and was regarded as the founder of the university, with the assistance of John Calvin Ferguson, a missionary educator.

Nanyang Public School

In 1904, the Ministry of Commerce took over the school, and one year later changed its name to Imperial Polytechnic College of the Commerce Ministry.

In 1906, the college was placed under the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs, and its name was changed to Shanghai Industrial College of the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs.

When the Republic of China was founded, the college was run by the Ministry of Communications and its name was once again changed, this time to Government Institute of Technology of the Communications Ministry.

In 1918, the republic government founded the School of Management and it became one of the oldest academic institutes.

In 1920, the institute merged with two other colleges and changed its name to Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung.

In the 1930s, it was well-renowned as the "Eastern MIT"[5] due to its reputation of nurturing top engineers and scientists.

In 1938, the Ministry of Education took over the university and renamed as National Chiao Tung University (Chinese: 國立交通大學) (the separate institution of National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is still known by this name). In 1943, the graduate school was founded.

By the time that the Japanese surrendered in 1945 neither the Communist Party of China (CPC) nor the Kuomintang KMT trusted each other or were actively cooperating. After American-sponsored attempts to negotiate a coalition government failed in 1946, the Chinese Civil War resumed. The CPC defeated the Nationalists in 1949, forcing Chiang's government to retreat to Taiwan. During the evacuation, a part of faculty and alumni was taken to Taiwan by Chiang Kai-shek, founding National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan in 1958.

After the Chinese Civil War, the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949. Chiao Tung lost its "National" appellation and became Chiao Tung University to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public.

In the 1950s, the pinyin romanization system was developed in Mainland China and Chiao Tung University changed its English name to Jiao Tong University.

From 1952, the Communist government adopted a policy of creating Soviet-style specialized schools, reshuffling nearly all universities and college to model on Soviet-style higher education. Under this policy, some faculties of the university were incorporated into other universities. At the same time, engineering faculties from outside were absorbed to become a specialized engineering university. An earthquaking rearrangement came in 1956 for the school when the central government ordered the university move to Xi'an in western Chinese province Shaanxi. Afterwards, 60% departments of the university moved to Xi'an, the remaining portion was officially renamed Shanghai Jiao Tong University, SJTU. [6]

Shanghai Second Medical University was merged into Shanghai Jiao Tong University on July 18, 2005, under the name Medical School of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

Since the reform and opening up policy in China, SJTU has grown substantially. It is composed of five campuses, including Xuhui, Minhang, Luwan, Qibao, and Fahua (法华), taking up an area of about 3,225,833 m2. [6]

Academics, enrollment, and staff[edit]

School of Mechanical Engineering, Minhang Campus

Today SJTU has 31 schools (departments), 63 undergraduate programs, 250 masters-degree programs, 203 Ph.D. programs, 28 post-doctorate programs, and 11 state key laboratories and national engineering research centers.

Its total enrollment of students amounts to 42,881, of which 1,598 are international students. There are 17,766 undergraduates, and 24,017 masters and Ph.D. candidates.[6]

The university has more than 1,900 professors and associate professors, including 15 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 92 accredited professors and chair professors of the "Cheung Kong Scholars Program".

Reputation and Rankings[edit]

University rankings
Global
ARWU[7] 151-200
QS[8] 123
Asia
ARWU[9] 15-23
Times[10] 40
QS (World version)[11]
QS (Asian version)[12]
21
27

Nationally, SJTU has been continuously ranked to be one of the best in mainland by the Chinese university ranking, ranked 4th across the nation since 2006.

Internationally, SJTU is ranked among 151-200th globally by ARWU (2013). The QS World University Rankings (2013/14) considered it 123rd worldwide while it was 27th and 6th in the independent regional QS Asian University Rankings and QS BRICS University Rankings respectively in 2013. [13] It is among the top five universities in mainland China in most of the above league tables.

Academic Ranking of World Universities[edit]

Since 2003, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has produced the Academic Ranking of World Universities[14] which analyzes the top universities in the world on quality of faculty (40%), research output (40%), quality of education (10%) and performance vs. size (10%).[15] Its ranking is exclusively of research universities, mainly in the empirical sciences.

Organization[edit]

Academic Schools[edit]

Directly affiliated departments[edit]

Graduate school[edit]

Affiliated institutes[edit]

Affiliated hospitals[edit]

Student Organizations[edit]

SJTU Dancing Team[edit]

Diversified genres including Latin, Ballet, Chinese Folk Dance, Chinese Classical Dance and Yang Go.

  • Awards: Second-class prize on National University Art Competition

Campuses[edit]

Xuhui Campus[edit]

A scene of the original library, Xuhui campus

The previous main campus was located in Xujiahui, in the Xuhui District of Shanghai, formerly a largely Catholic area and a site of several educational institutions.

Most buildings on campus were influenced by American architecture, while the main gate, which was built in 1935, is of traditional Chinese style reflecting the University's earlier status as the "Imperial Polytechnic College". The approaches to the main gate were via a series of marble bridges, similar to, although smaller than, those built in front of Tiananmen. However, recent road expansions have demolished the river as well as most of bridges. A copy of this famous gate scene have been built on the east of Minhang campus.

The construction of the campus never came to an end in the past century. Existing buildings: the Middle College building (built in 1898), the original library (built in 1919), the gymnasium (built in 1925), the administrative building (built in 1933), the Xinjian building (built in 1953), the new Upper College building (built in 1955), the second teaching building (built in 1960), Bao Zhaolong library (built in 1985) and Haoran high-tech building (built in 1996) were constructed one after another.

The university's School of International Education is located here, where a large number of international students take classes throughout the academic year (however, most international students that take degree courses are in Minhang campus). The campus still houses a variety of scientific research institutions, State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering for instance, although most moved to the new campus since 1987.

Minhang Campus[edit]

The Siyuan Lake, Minhang Campus

The Minhang campus is located in the Minhang District on the outskirts of metropolitan Shanghai. This young campus, which was founded in 1987, covers 2,822,903m2 once farmland. Zizhu Science Park, where Intel, ST Microelectronics, Microsoft, Sandisk and other high-tech companies placed their research and development centers, to the south of this campus.

Currently, most administrative and academic framework of the university and the majority of undergraduate and graduate students are situated at this campus, which is now accompanied by the newly built Minhang Campus of East China Normal University.

South Chongqing Road Campus[edit]

It is formerly the campus of Shanghai Second Medical University, which is located in the Luwan District of Shanghai. The Aurora University (Shanghai), a pre-eminent Catholic university in Shanghai, was located there before 1952.

Qibao Campus[edit]

In 1999, Shanghai Agricultural College was merged into SJTU, and its campus became Qibao Campus of the university. It's located in 2678 Qixin Rd. Postal code is 201101.

Shangzhong Road Campus[edit]

In the year of 2006, Shanghai Jiao Tong University sold this campus to Shanghai High School.

Fahuazhen Road Campus[edit]

This campus is where Jiao Tong's Antai College of Economics and Management is located.

Notable alumni[edit]

After more than a century of operation, Jiao Tong University has inherited the old tradition of "high starting points, solid foundation, strict requirements and extensive practice." Today, associations organized by Jiao Tong's alumni can be found in the United States, Japan, European Union countries, Canada, Southeast Asia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Mainland China. They call themselves Jiao Tong (Jiaoda) people.

Jiaoda alumni, no matter where they are, are playing a significant role and active part in business, academic and politic circle. Deep in their mind, an inspiring word has already been impressed: "Yesterday I went into Jiaoda with honor; Today I will be an honor to Jiaoda".

The routine services of these alumni associations include: updating contact lists, holding conferences, conducting Sino-foreign cultural exchanges, and keeping contact with other alumni associations throughout the world.

Students from SJTU have won top prizes in various competitions, including ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest, International Mathematical Contest in Modeling and Electronics Design Contests. Famous alumni include Jiang Zemin, Lu Dingyi, Ding Guangen, Wang Daohan, Qian Xuesen, Wu Wenjun, Zou Taofen, Mao Yisheng, Cai Er, Huang Yanpei, Shao Lizi, Wang An and many more. More than 200 of the academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering are alumni of Jiao Tong University.

Notable alumni are listed below.

Government/Politics[edit]

Latin Chinese Graduated in Profile
Cai E 蔡锷 1898 famous general, founder of the Republican Protection Army against Yuan Shikai
Huang Yanpei 黄炎培 1902 politician, industrialist, educator, and one of the founding pioneers of the China Democratic League
Shao Lizi 邵力子 1905 politician, educator, former President of Shanghai University and teacher of Chinese literature in Fudan University
Chen Yibai 陈一白 1922 Minister of Department of Communications in the government of Republic of China
Lu Dingyi 陆定一 1926 politician, former Head of Propaganda Department
Wang Daohan 汪道涵 1933 former Mayor of Shanghai, paramount politician who held the famous Wang-Koo summits together with Koo Chen-fu
Jiang Zemin 江泽民 1947 politician, former CPC General Secretary, President of the People's Republic of China and Chairman of the Central Military Commission
Ding Guangen 丁关根 1951 politician, former Minister of Railways, Head of Propaganda Department
Shu Guo 陈敏章 1955 former Minister of Health, President of Red Cross Society of China, President of Chinese Medical Association
Ye Liansong 叶连松 1960 politician, former Governor of Hebei Province
Xie Lijuan 谢丽娟 1961 politician, Chairman of Shanghai Federation of Red Cross and Shanghai Education Development Foundation, former Vice-Mayor of Shanghai
Chen Mingyi 陈明义 1962 politician, Secretary of Party Committee of Fujian Province
Zhang Guangqin 张广钦 1962 Vice President of Commission for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense
Wan Xueyuan 万学远 1964 former Governor of Zhejiang Province, Vice Minister of Personnel of P.R. China
Zhang Shengkun 张圣坤 1964 politician, Vice President of the central committee of China Democratic League
Yan Junqi 严隽琪 1967 politician, Chairperson of China Association of Promoting Democracy
Li Dongheng 李栋恒 1968 Lieutenant General
Wu Zhongze 吴忠泽 1968 Vice Minister of Science and Technology of P.R.China
Zhu Xiaoming 朱晓明 1968 Vice Chairman of Shanghai CPPCC, President of China Europe International Business School
Wang Jinxiang 王金祥 1969 Vice Governor of Xinjiang Vigor Autonomous Region, Vice President of National Development and Reform Commission
Wang Zuji 王祖继 1977 Vice Governor of Jilin Province
Chen Weigen 陈伟根 1978 Vice Governor of Jilin Province
Chen Zhu 陈 竺 1981 Minister of Health of P.R. China
Jiang Sixian 姜斯宪 1982 Vice Governor of Hainan Province
Teng Yilong 滕一龙 1983 President of Shanghai Superior Court
Qian Zhimin 钱智民 1985 Vice President of National Energy Administration
Shen Xiaoming 沈晓明 1991 Vice Mayor of Shanghai
Pan Min 潘敏 1991 Secretary of Party Committee of Shanghai Chinese Communist Youth League
Xi Guohua 奚国华 1999 Vice Minister of Industry and Information Technology

Natural Sciences & Mathematics[edit]

English name Chinese name Graduated in/

Served on faculty during

Profile Academicianship
Qian Xuesen/
Hsue-Shen Tsien
钱学森 1934 missile and space program chief scientist,
Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist,
National Exceptional Contribution Scientist awardee (only one in history so far)
Co-founder of Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Wu Wenjun/
Wen-Tsün Wu
吴文俊 1940 mathematician, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner, Shaw Prize winner Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Fellow of the TWAS
Xu Guangxian/
G.X. Xu
徐光宪 1944 chemist, State Preeminent Science and Technology Award winner Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Hu Guoding/
Kuo-Ting Hu
胡国定 1947 mathematician, information theorist; educator
Hu Hesheng 胡和生 1945–1948 mathematician Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Wu Youxun/
Y.H. Woo
吴有训 1949 physicist; educator Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
He Zuoxiu 何祚庥 1949 physicist Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Gong Sheng 龚升 1950 mathematician; educator
Hua Zhongyi 华中一 1951 scientist in vacuum science and technology; educator
Zhou Tongqing/
T.C. Chow
周同庆 1943–1952 physicist in optics and spectroscopy Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Fang Junxin 方俊鑫 1946–1952, 1980–1988 physicist in solid state physics and dielectric physics
Ye Jun/
Jun Ye
叶军 1982 physicist in ultrasensitive laser spectroscopy, optical frequency metrology, and quantum optics Member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences
Gu Min/
Min Gu
顾敏 1982 scientist in micro-photonics Fellow of Australian Academy of Science,
Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Ding Hong 丁洪 1990 physicist in photo-emission spectroscopy
Zhang Jie 张杰 2006–present physicist in x-ray lasers, high field and laser-plasma physics Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina,
International Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Fellow of the TWAS

Information Science/System Science/Electrical Engineering[edit]

English name Chinese name Graduated in/

Served on faculty during

Profile Academicianship
Zhu Wuhua 朱物华 1923/1945-1998 scientist in electronics; educator Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Cai Jintao 蔡金涛 1930 scientist in electronics Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Wang Pingyang 王平洋 1931 specialist in electrical power systems
Chu Yinghuang 褚应璜 1931 specialist in power engineering Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Ding Shunnian 丁舜年 1932 specialist in electric motor engineering Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Qian Zhonghan 钱钟韩 1933 scientist in power engineering Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Zhang Zhongjun/
T.T. Chang
张仲俊 1934/1940-1995 scientist in electrical systems and automatic control Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Zhang Xu 张煦 1934/1940–present scientist in telecommunications Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Luo Peilin 罗沛霖 1935 scientist in electronics Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Hou Deyuan 侯德原 1935 specialist in telecommunications Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Wu Zukai 吴祖垲 1937 specialist in vacuum electronics Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Zhen Jun/
David K. Cheng
郑钧 1938 scientist in field and wave electromagnetics
Sun Junren 孙俊人 1938 specialist in telecommunications Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Cai Changnian 蔡长年 1938 scientist in telecommunications; educator
Wang An/
An Wang
王安 1940 computer scientist and inventor, founder of Wang Laboratories Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering
Zhou Wenjun/
Wen Tsing Chow
周文俊 1940 missile guidance scientist and digital computer pioneer
Cao Jianyou 曹建猷 1940 scientist in electrical power systems Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Yang Jiachi 杨嘉墀 1941 scientist in automatic control, satellite control specialist, Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Tian Binggeng/
Ping King Tien
田炳耕 1941 scientist in microwave electronics, optical electronics and materials science Member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences,
Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering,
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering,
Academician of the Academia Sinica, Fellow of the TWAS
Zhou Jiongpan 周炯槃 1943 scientist in telecommunications; educator Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Xu Guozhi 许国志 1943 scientist in system science and operation research Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Li Tianhe/
Thomas H. Lee
李天和 1946 specialist in power engineering Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering,
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Tong Zhipeng 童志鵬 1946 scientist in telecommunications Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Chen Taiyi 陈太一 1946 scientist in telecommunications Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Hu Guoding/
Kuo-Ting Hu
胡国定 1947 mathematician, information theorist; educator
Gu Yuxiu/
Y.H. Ku
顾毓琇 1945-1947 (as faculty) scientist in electrical machinery, system and control; educator; writer, playwright and poet
Ge Shouren/
Ernest S. Kuh
葛守仁 1945-1947 (as student) scientist in circuit theory and electronic design automation Member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering,
Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Academia Sinica
Xia Peisu 夏培肃 1947 computer scientist Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Hu Guangzhen 胡光镇 1948 specialist in telecommunications Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Wang Geng 汪耕 1949 specialist in electrical power transmission Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Chen Jingxiong 陈敬熊 1950 scientist in electromagnetics, microwave and antennas Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Kuang Dingbo 匡定波 1952 scientist in infrared and remote sensing Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Li lemin 李乐民 1952 scientist in telecommunications Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Tang Renyuan 唐任远 1952 scientist in electric motor engineering Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Zhu Yinghao 朱英浩 1952 scientist in electric power transformers Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Zhao Zisen 赵梓森 1953 specialist in telecommunications Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Chen Junliang 陈俊亮 1955 scientist in telecommunications Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Jiang Xinsong 蒋新松 1956 scientist in robotics and automation Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Yao Xi 姚熹 1957 scientist in materials and devices Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Foreign Associate of U.S. National Academy of Engineering
Chen Yazhu 陈亚珠 1962 scientist in power electronics and biomedical engineering Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Yao Dawei/
David D. Yao
姚大卫 1980 scientist in stochastic systems and operation research
Teng Shanghua/
Shang-Hua Teng
滕尚华 1985 computer scientist, Gödel Prize winner

Engineering & Technological Sciences[edit]

  • Chow Wen Tsing/Wen Tsing Chow (周文俊) - missile guidance scientist and digital computer pioneer
  • Huang Xuhua (黄旭华) - scientist, father of China's first nuclear submarine
  • Lin Hongxun (凌鸿勋) - specialist in rail transport
  • Tu Jida (屠基达) - chief designer of Chengdu J-7 fighter
  • Qian Xuesen (钱学森) - missile and space program chief scientist, Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist, National Exceptional Contribution Scientist awardee
  • Xu Xueyan (许学彦) - famous ship designer [16]
  • Yang Jiachi (杨嘉墀) - space program scientist, specialist of automatic control, Two-Bombs-One-Satellite medalist
  • Zhang Guangdou (张光斗) - world-renowned specialist in hydraulic engineering
  • Li Wencai (李文采) - metallurgist

Life Sciences & Medicine[edit]

Humanities & Social sciences[edit]

  • Cai Yuanpei (蔡元培) - famous educator, esperantist and the president of Peking University
  • Hong Yi (李叔同) - master painter, musician, dramatist, calligrapher, seal cutter, poet, and Buddhist monk
  • Lisa Lu (卢燕) - Chinese-American actress and documentary producer
  • Mao Yushi (茅于轼) - economist
  • Shao Lizi (邵力子) - litterateur, politician
  • Wu Youxun (吴有训) - educator
  • Zou Taofen (邹韬奋) - correspondent
  • Pan Jun (潘军) - economist

Business[edit]

Sports[edit]

  • Ding Junhui (丁俊晖) - Professional snooker player
  • Wang Liqin (王励勤) - Professional table tennis player, World and Olympic multi medalist, once of best players in history
  • Liu Guoliang (刘国梁) - Olympic gold medalist, chief manager of China's table tennis national team
  • Yao Ming (姚明) - Professional basketball player
  • Sui Lu (眭禄)- Olympic Silver Medalist gymnast

Alumni Associations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "校训". Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  2. ^ "The Naming Ceremony of Cheng Jianmin Building Grandly Held". Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  3. ^ "2011–12-31 Overview (Undergraduate)". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  4. ^ "2011–12-31 Overview (Postgraduate)". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  5. ^ "During the last century: Eastern MIT". Xi'an Jiao Tong University. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  6. ^ a b c "2011–12-31 Overview". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved 2012-03-15. 
  7. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ "QS World University Rankings (2013/14)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Asia University Rankings 2013 Top 100". The Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  11. ^ "QS World University Rankings (extracting Asian universities from the list for counting this position)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  12. ^ "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  13. ^ "QS University Rankings: BRICS". Quacquarelli Symonds. 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  14. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2007
  15. ^ ADRW2007-Methodology
  16. ^ "Xu Xueyan". 

External links[edit]