Shanghai Metro

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Shanghai Metro
Shanghai Metro Full Logo.svg
Background
Owner Shanghai Shentong Metro Group
Locale Shanghai and Kunshan, Jiangsu
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 14[note 1]
Number of stations 329[note 2]
Daily ridership 6.86 million (2013 avg.)[1]
9.114 million (record)[2]
Annual ridership 2.5 billion (2013)[1]
Website www.shmetro.com
Operation
Began operation May 28, 1993
Operator(s) Shanghai No.1-No.4 Metro Operation Company (4 Companies share similar names)
Technical
System length 538 km (334.3 mi)[3][note 1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (standard gauge)
System map

Shanghai Metro map en.svg

Shanghai Metro
Simplified Chinese 上海轨道交通
Traditional Chinese 上海軌道交通
Literal meaning Shanghai Rail Transit
Commonly abbreviated as
Simplified Chinese 上海地铁
Traditional Chinese 上海地鐵

The Shanghai Metro is a rapid transit system in Shanghai, China. The first line opened in 1993, making Shanghai the third city in mainland China, after Beijing and Tianjin, to have a rapid transit system. Since then, the Shanghai Metro has become one of the fastest-growing rapid transit systems in the world, with several lines still under construction.

Overall, there are 14 metro lines[note 1] and 329 stations[note 2], with an operating route length of 538 kilometres (334 mi),[3][note 1] making it one of the longest in the world. The Shanghai Metro ranks third in the world in annual ridership, with 2.5 billion rides delivered in 2013.[1] It set a daily ridership record of 9.114 million on April 4, 2014.[2] On a normal weekday over 8 million people use the Shanghai Metro.[4]

On 16 October 2013, with the extension of Line 11 into Kunshan, Jiangsu province, Shanghai Metro became the first rapid transit system in China to connect two provincial-level administrative divisions. There are plans to further connect the Shanghai Metro with the metro systems of Suzhou and Wuxi.[5]

Lines[edit]

Line Terminals
(District)
Opened Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
01Line 1 Fujin Road
(Baoshan)
Xinzhuang
(Minhang)
1993 2007 36.4 28
02Line 2
[note 3]
East Xujing
(Qingpu)
Pudong International Airport
(Pudong)
1999 2010 63.8 30
03Line 3 North Jiangyang Road
(Baoshan)
Shanghai South Railway Station
(Xuhui)
2000 2006 40.3 29
04Line 4
loop
Yishan Road
(Xuhui)
Yishan Road
(Xuhui)
2005 2007 33.7 26
05Line 5 Xinzhuang
(Minhang)
Minhang Development Zone
(Minhang)
2003 17.2 11
06Line 6 Gangcheng Road
(Pudong)
Oriental Sports Center
(Pudong)
2007 2011 32.3 28
07Line 7 Meilan Lake
(Baoshan)
Huamu Road
(Pudong)
2009 2010 44.2 32
08Line 8 Shiguang Road
(Yangpu)
Shendu Highway
(Minhang)
2007 2011 37.4 30
09Line 9 Songjiang South Railway Station
(Songjiang)
Middle Yanggao Road
(Pudong)
2007 2012 52.1 26
10Line 10 Xinjiangwancheng
(Yangpu)
Hongqiao Railway Station (Minhang)
Hangzhong Road (Minhang)
2010 2010 35.4 31
11Line 11 North Jiading (Jiading)
Huaqiao (Kunshan, Jiangsu)
Luoshan Road
(Pudong)
2009 2013 72 34
12Line 12 Tiantong Road
(Zhabei)
Jinhai Road
(Pudong)
2013 19 15
13Line 13 Jinyun Road
(Changning)
Jinshajiang Road
(Putuo)
2012 8.3 6
16Line 16 Luoshan Road
(Pudong)
Dishui Lake
(Pudong)
2013 51.9 11
Total 538
[3][note 1]
329
[note 2]

Stations[edit]

Transfer stations[edit]

There are two types of transfer stations: physical transfer stations and transit-card only ones. In a physical transfer station, passengers can transfer between subway lines without exiting a fare zone. In a transit-card only transfer station, however, passengers have to exit and re-enter fare zones as they transfer from one subway line to another. In order to receive a discounted fare, passengers must use a Shanghai public transport card (SPTC) instead of Single-Ride tickets.

Physical transfer stations[edit]

Below is a list of physical transfer stations.

Station Lines
Baoshan Road 3 4
Caoyang Road 3 4 11
Century Avenue 2 4 6 9
Changshu Road 1 7
Dalian Road 4 12
Dong'an Road 4 7
East Nanjing Road 2 10
Hailun Road 4 10
Hongkou Football Stadium 3 8
Hongqiao Airport Terminal 2 2 10
Hongqiao Railway Station 2 10
Hongqiao Road 3 4 10
Jiading Xincheng 11 11(branch)
Jiangsu Road 2 11
Jiaotong University 10 11
Jing'an Temple 2 7
Jinshajiang Road 3 4 13
Jufeng Road 6 12
Lancun Road 4 6
Laoximen 8 10
Longxi Road 10 10(branch)
Longyang Road 2 7
Lujiabang Road 8 9
Luoshan Road 11 16
Oriental Sports Center 6 8 11
People's Square 1 2 8
Shanghai Indoor Stadium 1 4
Shanghai South Railway Station 1 3
Shanghai Railway Station 1 3 4
Siping Road 8 10
South Xizang Road 4 8
Tiantong Road 10 12
West Gaoke Road 6 7
West Yan'an Road 3 4
Xinzhuang 1 5
Xujiahui 1 9 11
Yishan Road 3 4 9
Yaohua Road 7 8
Zhenping Road 3 4 7
Zhongshan Park 2 3 4
Zhongtan Road 3 4
Zhaojiabang Road 7 9
Notes[edit]

Transit-card only transfer stations[edit]

A transit-card only transfer station is a station where two lines meet, but unlike a physical interchange, there is no direct pathway between them within the paid fare area. Passengers wishing to interchange must exit the paid fare area for the first line, walk a short distance on the street, and re-enter the paid fare area for the second line. Since June 1, 2008, passengers interchanging using a Shanghai public transport card have their trip regarded as one journey and the distance will be accumulated for fare calculation. Passengers must exit a station and re-enter another within 30 minutes using the same Shanghai public transport card. Those using single-ride tickets cannot use virtual transfers and must purchase a new ticket.

In some cases virtual interchanges have been replaced by physical interchanges after construction is completed. For example, Hongkou Football Stadium Station was previously a virtual interchange between Line 3 and Line 8, but is now a physical interchange. The remaining virtual interchanges are:

Stations of note[edit]

The busiest station in Shanghai Metro system is People's Square station (Lines 1, 2 and 8). As the interchange station for three lines, it is extremely crowded during peak hours. It remains busy during the rest of the day as it is located near major shopping and tourist destinations such as Nanjing Road (E.) Pedestrian Street as well as the Shanghai Museum, People's Park, the Shanghai Grand Theatre and Yan'an Park on People's Square. It has the second most number of exits (totalling 17) in the stations of the metro system.

Xujiahui (Lines 1, 9 and 11) is located in the major Xujiahui commercial center of Shanghai. Six large shopping malls and eight large office towers are each within a three-minute walk of one of the station's exits, numbering a total of 18 since the addition of the four in the Line 9 part of the station that opened in December 2009. This is the largest number of exits of all the stations on the system. This station is also widely used as a pedestrian tunnel across the wide roads.

Lujiazui (Line 2) is the major station in Pudong area. It is situated in the heart of Lujiazui financial district, the financial center of Shanghai. The city's iconic landmarks, the Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Jin Mao Tower and Shanghai World Financial Centre are all within walking distance of the station. In contrast to Xujiahui and People's Square, Lujiazui is not particularly busy during off-peak hours or at weekends as it is located in financial district of Shanghai.

Shanghai Railway Station (Lines 1, 3 and 4) is a major transportation hub in Shanghai, containing the railway station, two subway lines and the stop for many city bus lines as well as interprovincial buses. These bus lines will soon be housed in a brand-new bus station. The line 1 platform is in the South square while platforms for line 3/4 are in the North square. These two platforms are technically separate stations, so interchange is only possible between lines 3/4. A transfer to the line 1 platform requires a SPTC or a new ticket.

Zhongshan Park Station (Lines 2, 3 and 4) is a heavily trafficked station due to the large shopping malls and hotel immediately above it.

Century Avenue Station (Lines 2, 4, 6 and 9) is the largest interchange station in the Shanghai Metro system.

Pudong International Airport (Line 2) – the eastern terminus of Line 2. It serves the airport of the same name in Shanghai. The station also provides a transfer with the Shanghai Maglev Train to Longyang Road.

Shibo Avenue (Line 13) – the station that served the main entrance of the Shanghai Expo. It has been closed since the end of the expo and will be reopened later.

Ticket system[edit]

Jiaotong University Station
Dabaishu Station

Like many other metro systems in the world, Shanghai Metro uses a distance-based fare system. As of September 15, 2005, after Shanghai Municipal Government raised the price, fares range from 3 yuan for journeys under 6 km, to 10 yuan for journeys over 6 km.

As of December 25, 2005, Shanghai uses a "one-ticket network", which means that interchanging is possible between all interchange stations without the purchase of another ticket where available. In the event of riding beyond the value of one's ticket, the user may pay the difference at a Service Center near the main turnstiles.

Since June 1, 2008, users of the Shanghai public transport card can interchange at Shanghai Railway Station, and Hongkou Stadium without paying another base fare. (see section on virtual interchange stations above).

Fares[edit]

  • For most lines, the base fare is 3 yuan (US$0.45) for journeys under 6 km, then 1 yuan for each additional 10 km. As of December 2013, the highest fare is 15 yuan (Approximately US$2.50).
  • For journeys exclusively on Line 5 (Xinzhuang – Minhang Development Zone), the fare is 2 yuan for journeys under 6 km and all other journeys are 3 yuan (though the total length of this line is a bit longer than 16 km).
  • Users of the Shanghai public transport card get a 10% discount for the rest of the calendar month after paying 70 yuan. The discount is applied only for journeys after the payment; it is not retroactively applied to previous journeys.
  • Users of the Shanghai public transport card as part of the "Air-conditioned Bus Transfer Discount" get a 1 yuan discount when transferring to the metro within 90 minutes. (The 10% monthly discount may be applied after the transfer discount) This discount also applies for bus to Metro and bus to bus transfers and can accumulate over multiple transfers. For example, to get from Zhenbei Rd/Meichuan Rd to Xiuyan Rd/Hunan Rd would normally cost 8 yuan each way (947 bus to line 4 to 451 bus) but only costs 6 RMB with the card (947 bus discounted transfer to line 4, discounted transfer to 451 bus). Depending on the time spent at the destination the discount will be applied at the start of the return trip as well, making the cost of a round-trip 11 yuan instead of the 16 yuan that would normally be charged without the card.
  • Seniors over 70 years of age can take the metro for free (except during rush hours, 7–9am and 5–7pm on weekdays) by using their social security cards (also RFID-embedded) at a special turnstile at each metro station.

Single-ride ticket[edit]

Shanghai Metro Single-Ride Ticket

Single-ride tickets can be purchased from ticket vending machines, and at some stations, at a ticket window. Single-ride tickets are embedded with RFID contactless chips. When entering the system riders tap the ticket against a scanner above the turnstile, and on exit they insert the ticket into a slot where it is stored and recycled.

Transit card[edit]

In addition to a Single-Ride ticket, fare can be paid using a Shanghai public transport card. This RFID-embedded card can be purchased at selected banks, convenience stores and metro stations with a 20-yuan deposit. This card can be loaded at ticket booths, Service Centers at the metro stations as well as many small convenience stores and banks throughout the city. The Shanghai Public Transportation Card can also be used to pay for other forms of transportation, such as taxi or bus.

This transit card is similar to the Oyster card of the London Underground (and other London transport systems), Chicago card of the CTA and the Octopus card of Hong Kong's MTR.

One-day pass[edit]

A one-day pass was introduced for the Expo 2010 held in Shanghai. The fare for the calendar day was set at 18 yuan, for unlimited travel within the metro system. This is not available through vending machines, but has to be purchased at Service Centers at metro stations.[7]

Retail[edit]

Nearly every Shanghai subway station houses retailing of some kind. Many are small kiosks selling a variety of telephony products such as telephone calling cards, mobile phone SIM cards, or new cellphones. Newsstands are also available in many stations. Snack shops and convenience stores have become popular, along with bookstores. ATMs can be found in most downtown stations and even some suburban ones. Almost all stations have stands to distribute free newspaper in every weekdays' morning, starting from 7:30.

Technology[edit]

Inside a Line 2 train.

Gauge[edit]

Standard gauge is used throughout the network, allowing new train equipment to be transported over the Chinese rail network which uses the same gauge.

Stations[edit]

Many stations in the stations of Lines 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 have platform screen doors with sliding acrylic glass at the platform edge. The train stops with its doors lined-up with the sliding doors on the platform edge and open when the train doors open, and are closed at other times. These screens are also being retrofitted on existing lines, starting with Line 1 whose core stations had doors by the end of 2006. On the People's Square Station of Line 2, the platform has sliding safety doors that reach only halfway up from the ground called Automatic platform gates.

Rolling stock[edit]

Train sets used by the Metro system:

Most lines currently use 6 car sets, exceptions include:

  • Lines 5, 6, and a section of line 2 which use 4 car sets.
  • Some trains on line 8 use 7 car sets.
  • Line 1 and the remainder of line 2 which uses 8 car sets.

Car numbers[edit]

Every train set and individual car comes with unique numbers, but the numbering systems varies.

The train set number have 3-4 digits, and are assigned sequentially without reusing numbers used to belong to another set, with exceptions that the train numbers 1301-1303 is reused when the current Line 13 is opened.[8] Trains reassigned from one line to another will receive a new set number from the receiving line, and the original number is left unused. For example, train 216 is the 16th set of train serving line 2, and train 1122 is the 22nd set on Line 11, and during the time when sets 421-428 serviced in Line 2, they are assigned numbers 225-232.

Every car have a unique serial number, consists of 5-6 digits. It is assigned during production and will never change. 5-digit serial numbers are used on early trains. The first two digits are production year, middle two are the sequential number of cars of the same platform[9] built in the given year, and the last digit is the type of train. 6-digit serial numbers are used by recent trains. The first two digits are the number of the line the car is intended to service (with exception of trains 901-910 consist of cars numbered under Line 1, despite considered cars intended for Line 9.[10]), the middle 3 digits are the sequential number of car serving the line, considering cars numbered under other systems or lines,[11] but not the trains borrowed from or intended to be transferred to another line, and the last digit is the car type. The car type digit have 3 options: 1 for trailers with cabs, 2 for motored middle cars with pantograph, and 3 for motored middle cars without a pantograph. The two different systems of numbering may mix in a same train set, especially on Line 1. Examples:

  • Train 201 using 5-digit numbering (before modified into a 8-car set): 99071-99082-99093-99102-99113-99121
  • Train 1104 using a 6-digit numbering: 110191-110202-110213-110223-110232-110241

The car in every set is assigned a car number based on its set's number, and the format is a digit following the set number, like car 4224 is the 4th car in the set 422 for Line 4. When a car is swapped another, the numbers swap. Example: during the time that train 206 and train 201 swapped a car, the car from 206 is reassigned a car number from 201. There are no certain way to calculate the car number to and from the set number, but some thumb rules may apply.

A special case is set 952, which is an experimental train. It is not intended for any line, but as it was once put into service in Line 9, it is assigned a train number and 6-digit car serial numbers from Line 9. The numbers assigned to this set will be reused when new sets arrived for the extension of Line 9.

Another special case is car 92113. The original 92113 car is heavily damaged in an accident during tests, and a new replace car, built by CSR Zhuzhou, reused the number and put back into its original place.

Special cars[edit]

Some cars are purpose built or modified to be used as testing car. Some passenger cars are modified to double as a basic dynamic testing train while still capable of day-to-day passenger transport. A loco-hauled purpose-built set of test train is also under service. Damaged cars from train sets 102 and 117 are under renovation, and is believed to be converted into test car as well.

Signalling[edit]

Shanghai Metro lines 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 are equipped with CBTC systems capable of headways as low as 90 seconds.[12]

Power supply[edit]

In contrast to many other metro systems in the world, the Shanghai metro uses overhead wires for the power supply, probably due to its use of a 1500 volt DC system which is twice the voltage generally used for third rails.

On Line 2, Siemens Transportation Systems equipped the line with an overhead contact line (cantilever material: galvanized steel) and 7 DC traction power supply substations.[13]

Passenger information systems[edit]

Plasma screens on the platforms show passengers when the next two trains are coming, along with advertisements and public service announcements. The subway cars contain LCD screens showing advertisements and on some lines, the next stop, while above-ground trains have LED screens showing the next stop. The LED screens are being phased in on Line 1 and are also included in lines 7 and 9, two underground lines. There are recorded messages stating the next stop in Mandarin, English and Shanghainese,[14][15] but the messages stating nearby attractions or shops for a given station (a form of paid advertising) are in Mandarin only.

Station signs are in Chinese and English. The Metro authority is testing a new systematic numbering system for stations on Line 10.[16]

Operators[edit]

Four companies operate the Shanghai Metro network. Each of them are subdivisions of Shanghai Shentong Metro Group Co.,Ltd.

  • Shanghai No. 1 Metro Operation Co., Ltd. manages Lines 1, 5, 9 and 10.
  • Shanghai No. 2 Metro Operation Co., Ltd. manages Lines 2, 11 and 13.
  • Shanghai No. 3 Metro Operation Co., Ltd. manages Lines 3, 4, 7 and 16.
  • Shanghai No. 4 Metro Operation Co., Ltd. manages Lines 6, 8 and 12.

Line 22 is a commuter rail line that is separately operated by Shanghai Jinshan Railway Co., Ltd.

Future expansion[edit]

The Shanghai Metro system is one of the fastest growing metro systems in the world. Many lines are under construction or planned to be constructed in the near future. After the completion of these lines, a uniform numbering system will be put in place. According to the latest report, by the end of 2020 the network will comprise 22 lines spanning 877 kilometres (545 mi).[17] Line 11 is planned to connect with Suzhou and Wuxi Metro systems in neighbouring Jiangsu province.[18]

The planned lines 20 and 21 have been renumbered as 17 and 16 respectively,[19] while the numbering for the original lines 16 and 17 have not been confirmed. In this table, the numbering of the original lines 16/21 and 17/20 are swapped for ease of reference.

Planned Open Date Route Name Terminals Length (km) Stations Status Notes
By the end of 2014 Line 5 South Extension Dongchuan Road Xidu Under Construction
Line 16 2nd Phase Longyang Road Luoshan Road 15 2 Under Construction [20][21]
Line 12 1st Phase Western Section Tiantong Road Qixin Road 27.4 19 Under Construction
Line 13 1st Phase Eastern Section
Expo Section
Jinshajiang Road Changqing Road 16.2 12 Under construction
By the end of 2015 Line 11 3rd Phase Luoshan Road Huanglou (Disneyland) 9.4 3 Planning
By the end of 2020[note 4][22] Line 2 4th Phase of East Extension Pudong International Airport Pudong Railway Station 2 Planning
Line 2 Connection Guanglan Road Huanglou (Disneyland) 2 Planning
Line 5 1st Phase of South Extension Dongchuan Road Nanqiao New City 20.7 8 Bridge under construction
Line 5 1st Phase of North extension Xinzhuang Hongqiao Railway Station 14.3 11 Planning
Line 8 3rd Phase Shendu Highway Huizhen Road 6.2 5 Post-planning [23]
Line 9 3rd Phase (East) Middle Yanggao Road Caolu 14.5 8 Planning
Line 10 2nd Phase Xinjiangwancheng Huandong No.1 Avenue 9.4 5 Planning
Line 13 2nd Phase Changqing Road Zhangjiang Road 22.5 11 Planning
Line 14 Duplicate Part with Shanghai East-West Expressway 7.8 6 Under construction
Jiangqiao Chuanqiao Road 36.4 29 Planning
Line 15 Qihua Road Zizhu Science-Based Industry Park 40.1 28 Planning
Line 17 Hongqiao Railway Station Shanghai Oriental Land 35.2 11 Planning [19]
Line 18 Changbei Road Hangtou Town 44.3 30 Planning
Line 19 1st Phase Chuanqiao Road Changxing Island 20.6 6 Planning
Line 20 1st Phase Hongqiao Railway Station Baoshan Industry Park 17.2 13 Planning
Line 21 1st Phase Hongkou Football Stadium Shanghai Zoo 19 17 Planning
Timetable not given Line 1 Last Phase of North Extension Fujin Road Chongming Island Long Term Plan
Line 5 2nd Phase of South Extension Nanqiao New City Haiwan Long Term Plan [24]
Line 19 2nd Phase Changxing Island Chongming Island Long Term Plan [25]
Changxing Island Hengsha Island
Line 20 2nd Phase Baoshan Industry Park Gongqing Forest Park Long Term Plan
Line 21 2nd Phase Shanghai Zoo Wujing Long term Plan

History[edit]

Evolution of the Shanghai Metro
  • May 28, 1993 – Southern section of Line 1 (New Longhua/Shanghai South Railway Station – Xujiahui) enters operation[26] (4.4 km).
  • April 10, 1995 – Line 1 (Jinjiang Park – Shanghai Railway Station; including initial section, which opened 1993) enters operation [26] (16.1 km).
  • December 28, 1996 – Southern extension to Line 1 (Xinzhuang – Jinjiang Park) enters operation (4.5 km).
  • June 11, 2000 – Line 2 (Zhongshan Park – Longyang Road) enters operation[26] (16.3 km).
  • December 26, 2000 – Two lines enter operation:
    • Eastern extension to Line 2 (Longyang Road – Zhangjiang Hi-tech Park)[26] (2.8 km)
    • Line 3 (Shanghai South Railway Station – Jiangwan)[26] (24.6 km)
  • November 25, 2003 – Line 5 (Xinzhuang – Minhang) enters operation (17.2 km).
  • December 28, 2004 – Northern extension to Line 1 (Shanghai Railway Station – Gongfu Xincun) enters operation (12.4 km).
  • December 31, 2005 – Line 4 enters operation, except section between Lancun Road and Damuqiao Road that was delayed due to construction accident.
  • December 18, 2006 – Northern extension to Line 3 (Jiangwan – Jiangyang Road North) enters operation[26] (15.7 km).
  • December 30, 2006 – Western extension to Line 2 (Songhong Road – Zhongshan Park) enters operation[26] (6.15 km).
  • December 29, 2007 – Five lines or sections enter operation on the same day:[27]
    • Second northern extension to Line 1 (Gongfu Xincun – Fujin Road) (3.4 km)
    • Delayed section of Line 4 (Lancun Road – Damuqiao Road), completing the loop
    • Line 6 (Gangcheng Road – South Lingyan Road) (31.1 km)
    • Line 8 (Shiguang Road – Yaohua Road)
    • Line 9 (Songjiang New City – Guilin Road)
  • December 28, 2008 – Line 9 is extended from Guilin Road to Yishan Road, connecting with the rest of the metro network.
  • July 5, 2009 – Southern extension to Line 8 (Yaohua Road – Shendu Highway) enters operation (14.4 km).
  • December 5, 2009 – Line 7 (Shanghai University – Huamu Road) enters operation (34.4 km).[28]
  • December 31, 2009 – Two lines enter operation:
    • Downtown section of Line 9 (Yishan Road – Century Avenue)
    • Line 11 (Jiangsu Road – Jiading North)
  • February 24, 2010 – Short section of eastern extension of Line 2 (Longyang Road - Guanglan Road) enters operation. Zhangjiang Hi-tech Park station is rebuilt underground.
  • March 16, 2010 – Second western extension to Line 2 (Xujing East – Songhong Road) enters operation, connecting Hongqiao Airport to the metro system.[26]
  • March 29, 2010 – Branch line of Line 11 (Jiading New City - Anting) enters operation.
  • April 8, 2010 – Eastern extension to Line 2 (Guanglan Road – Pudong Airport) enters operation, connecting the two airports.[29]
  • April 10, 2010 – Line 10 (New Jiangwan City – Hangzhong Road) enters operation. Shanghai Metro becomes the longest metro system in the world after 15 years of breakneck growth.[17]
  • April 20, 2010 – Expo section of Line 13 (Madang Road – Shibo Avenue) enters temporary operation.[30]
  • July 1, 2010 – with the opening of Hongqiao Railway Station, its metro station of the same name on Line 2 enters operation.
  • November 2, 2010 – With the end of Shanghai Expo, Expo section of Line 13 suspends service, to be reopened when the rest of the line is completed.
  • November 30, 2010 – Section of Line 10 (Longxi Road – Hongqiao Railway Station) enters operation, connecting the two terminals of Hongqiao Airport.
  • December 28, 2010 – The 10-km long northern extension to Line 7 (Shanghai University – Meilan Lake) enters operation.
  • December 30, 2012 – The first phase of Line 13 (Jinyun Road – Jinshajiang Road) and southern extension of Line 9 (Songjiang South Railway Station – Songjiang Xincheng) enters operation.[31]
  • August 31, 2013 – The second phase of Line 11 (Jiangsu Road – Luoshan Road) enters operation.[32]
  • October 16, 2013 – The 6-km long branch extension of Line 11 (Anting – Huaqiao) enters operation. Shanghai Metro is extended into Jiangsu province.[33]
  • December 29, 2013 - The eastern section of Line 12 (Tiantong Road - Jinhai Road) and the southern section of Line 16 (Luoshan Road - Dishui Lake) both enter operation.[3]

Incidents[edit]

  • December 22, 2009—at about 5:50 am, an electrical fault in the tunnel between South Shaanxi Road Station and People's Square Station caused a few trains to stall. While the track was under repair, a low-speed collision occurred between two trains on Line 1, trapping scores of passengers underground for up to two hours and affecting millions of early commuters. Nobody was injured, but the front of the train was badly damaged. Service resumed at around 12:15 pm.[34][35]
  • July 5, 2010—at the Zhongshan Park Station a woman died after trying to crowd into a subway train as the doors were closing. With her wrist trapped in the doors, she was dragged into the railings when the train started moving.[36]
  • September 27, 2011—at 2:51 pm, two trains on Line 10 collided between Yuyuan Garden Station and Laoximen Station, injuring 284 people. Initial investigations found that train operators violated regulations while operating the trains manually after a loss of power on the line caused its signal system to fail. No deaths were reported.[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e This figure excludes Maglev line and Line 22, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  2. ^ a b c 329 is the number of stations if interchanges on different lines are counted separately, with the exception of the 9 stations shared by Lines 3 and 4 on the same track. The stations on the Maglev line and Line 22 are not included.
  3. ^ Currently, Line 2 has two sections running separately: the section west of Guanglan Road towards Hongqiao Airport is served by 8-carriaged trains that run at 5-minute intervals; while the section east of Guanglan Road towards Pudong International Airport is served by 4-carriaged trains that run at 13-minute intervals from 9 am to 4 pm. Any trips that bypass Guanglan Road station requires passengers to transfer to the opposite platform at the station.
  4. ^ Lines in this section will be constructed between 2010 and 2020, so the opening dates will be between 2012 and 2020, not all at the end of 2020.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "回顾上海地铁2013" (in Chinese). Eastday. 2014-01-15. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  2. ^ a b "4月4日上海地铁客流911.4万人次再次刷新纪录" (in Chinese). 上海地铁运管中心. 2014-04-06. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  3. ^ a b c d "12号线、16号线12月29日起载客试运营". 上海地铁 (in Chinese). 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  4. ^ "889.8万人次 岁末上海地铁再创客流新高". 上海地铁运管中心. 2014-01-01. Retrieved 2013-12-31. 
  5. ^ "无锡苏州也将轨交通沪? 目前有规划但尚无时间表". Eastday (in Chinese). 18 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  6. ^ 10号线4月10日提前开通试运营 Shanghai Metro official website. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
  7. ^ Signs at the Service points seen on 4–5 July 2010 at the Xujiahui (near Exit 8) and Shanghai West Railway Station.
  8. ^ The original 1301-1303 during Expo 2010 are trains borrowed from Line 9, which is returned to Line 9 after the Expo is ended.
  9. ^ All GSMG cars came with AC motors serving Lines 1 & 2 are built on the same platform, despite considered different model, AC-01 for Line 1 and AC-02 for Line 2 respectively
  10. ^ This is due to the trains are bought as reserve before the final plans of Line 9 are made and line number assigned, and initially put into service in Line 1.
  11. ^ Trains 901-910 for Line 9
  12. ^ "沪部分轨交线明年采用信号系统升级版". Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  13. ^ "Metro-System Line 2, Shanghai, China". Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
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