The Shanghai clique or Shanghai faction is the name given to an informal group of officials in the Communist Party of China, especially those who serve in the Central Committee or the Central Government of China, who rose to prominence in connection to the Shanghai municipal administration under former CPC General Secretary Jiang Zemin.
This popular phrase was used somewhat pejoratively to describe Jiang's efforts to promote people who previously worked, or were associated with, his administration in Shanghai. It is more appropriately referred to as the "Jiang clique".
- Jiang Zemin (江泽民), former General Secretary of the Communist Party
- Wu Bangguo (吴邦国)
- Jia Qinglin (贾庆林)
- Zeng Qinghong (曾庆红)
- Wu Guanzheng (吴官正)
- Li Changchun (李长春)
- Zhou Yongkang (周永康)
- Zhang Dejiang (张德江)
- Zeng Peiyan (曾培炎)
- Hui Liangyu (回良玉)
- Liu Qi (刘琪)
- Hua Jianmin (华建敏)
- Chen Zhili (陈至立)
- Chen Liangyu (陈良宇), expelled from Communist Party due to scandal
Before his death, Huang Ju (黄菊) was also a key member of the clique.
Upon Jiang's retirement in 2004, it is widely believed that he stuffed the cabinet with all his men, and is said to be making it difficult for Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao to carry out their own policies. The best evidence of this is in the recently concluded 5th Plenary Meeting of 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, when Hu's efforts to reshuffle the Politburo was blocked by members of the Shanghai Clique. Wen's macro-economic measures aimed at slowing down infrastructure growth and nationwide overheating in the property sector received great resistance from alleged members of this clique.
However, as Jiang had retired from all of his positions at the 4th Plenary Meeting of 16th National Congress of the CPC, Hu Jintao became the legitimate General Secretary of the Communist Party of China. There are signs of important members of the Shanghai Clique defecting to Hu's camp, thereby strengthening Hu's position. In addition, in a bold move in September 2006, Hu acted to purge prominent rival Chen Liangyu, former CPC Secretary and Mayor of Shanghai, for alleged corruption, thus strengthening his position both within the party and in China.