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Regions with significant populations
Shanghai 18,580,000 people
Hong Kong As part of
Republic of China (on Taiwan) As part of
United States As part of
Chinese American population
Australia As part of
Chinese Australian population
Shanghainese dialect, other Wu Chinese dialects, Mandarin Chinese
Mahayana Buddhism and Chinese folk religions (including Taoism, Confucianism, ancestral worship and others), with many non religious. Minority: Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Wuyue people, Ningbo people, other Han Chinese
Shanghainese ( Chinese: , 上海人 p Shànghǎirén; Shanghainese: Zaanhening, ) are the people of [zɑ̃.hé.ɲɪɲ] Shanghai, China.
Old City of Shanghai was a minor settlement until the later Qing Dynasty and many districts of the present municipality of Shanghai originally had separate identities, including separate dialects of Taihu Wu. In recent decades, millions of Chinese have moved to the city, both as internal immigrants and as migrant workers. The 2010 Chinese census found 9 million of Shanghai's 23 million residents (almost 40%) were migrants without a Shanghai hukou, triple the number from the year 2000 census. These "New Shanghainese" ( ) are generally distinguished from the Shanghainese proper. 新 上海人
The term "Shanghainese" may thus apply to several different groups of varying exclusivity.
Legally, it refers to those holding a hukou for one of the local governments in the municipality of Shanghai. Culturally, it most often means those who consider Shanghai to be their hometown, although this is sometimes restricted to those in the central districts or who speak the Shanghainese dialects of those districts (as opposed, for example, to the unintelligible subdialects in Jinshan).
Shanghainese diaspora [ edit ]
Although Shanghai was long a cosmopolitan city as one of
China's treaty ports, it was not connected with the large-scale emigration seen in Fujian and Guangdong. Maritime commerce did, however, create a Shanghainese community in Hong Kong. [1 ] These Shanghainese or their forebears fled Mainland China prior to its occupation by the [2 ] Communists in 1949. Some actors on the TVB network, a television network based in Hong Kong, are originally from Shanghai, such as Liza Wang, Tracy Ip, and Natalie Tong.
More recently, appreciable numbers of Shanghainese have migrated to other countries. There is a significant Shanghainese community in
Sydney, Australia, particularly the suburbs of Ashfield and Burwood. Less prominent communities exist in the Chinatowns of other large metropolitan areas such as New York and Los Angeles in the United States.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]