Shanghainese people

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徐光啟.jpgZhou Xuan2.png
Soong Ching-ling 1937.jpgZhang Ailing 1954.jpg
YaoMingonoffense2.jpgLiu xiang 2004.jpg
Total population
approximately 20,000,000
Regions with significant populations
China Shanghai 18,580,000 people
Hong Kong Hong Kong As part of Mainlander population
Taiwan Republic of China (on Taiwan) As part of Mainlander population
United States United States As part of Chinese American population
Australia Australia As part of Chinese Australian population
Shanghainese dialect, other Wu Chinese dialects, Mandarin Chinese
Predominantly Mahayana Buddhism and Chinese folk religions (including Taoism, Confucianism, ancestral worship and others), with many non religious. Minority: Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Wuyue people, Ningbo people, other Han Chinese

The Shanghainese people (Chinese: 上海人; pinyin: Shànghǎi rén; Shanghainese: [zɑ̃.hé.ɲɪɲ]) are the residents of Shanghai, China, especially those who can speak the Shanghainese dialect of Wu Chinese. In recent decades, millions of migrants have moved to Shanghai, who are often called the "New Shanghainese". According to the 2010 census data, about 9 million out of the 23 million residents of Shanghai, or more than 39%, are long-term migrants, triple the 3 million in 2000.

Shanghainese living abroad[edit]

There is also a significant minority of Shanghainese people living in Sydney, Australia particularly in the suburbs of Ashfield and Burwood. As well as that, many Shanghainese have moved to large metropolitan areas including but not limited to New York City, Los Angeles and settled in various suburbs. In Hong Kong, a lot of rich people are of Shanghai origin.[1][2] They or their ancestors fled from Mainland China before the Communist Party took over the city in 1949. Some actors on the TVB network, a television network based in Hong Kong, are originally from Shanghai, such as Liza Wang, Tracy Ip, and Natalie Tong. As the city of Shanghai becomes increasingly globalized, and its population diversified, the definition of Shanghainese is getting fuzzier, though it remains a symbolic source of pride for many who identify with the label.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Burton, Sandra (1999-09-27), "Exodus of the Business Class", Time, retrieved 2011-10-06 
  2. ^ Goodstadt 2010, p. 208