Shangri-La County

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Shangri-la County
香格里拉县 · སེམས་ཀྱི་ཉི་ཟླ་རྫོང།
County
Old Town of Jiantang
Old Town of Jiantang
Location of Shangri-La County (pink) and Dêqên Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan
Location of Shangri-La County (pink) and Dêqên Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan
Shangri-La (Sem kyi nyida) is located in Yunnan
Shangri-La (Sem kyi nyida)
Shangri-La (Sem kyi nyida)
Location of the county seat in Yunnan
Coordinates: 27°50′N 99°42′E / 27.833°N 99.700°E / 27.833; 99.700
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
Prefecture Dêqên
Area
 • Total 11,613 km2 (4,484 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 130,000
 • Density 11/km2 (29/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 674400
Area code(s) 0887
Website www.shangri-la.gov.cn
Shangri-La County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 香格里拉县
Traditional Chinese 香格里拉縣
Former Chinese names
Simplified Chinese 中甸县
Traditional Chinese 中甸縣
Tibetan name
Tibetan སེམས་ཀྱི་ཉི་ཟླ་རྫོང།

Shangri-La County (Tibetan: སེམས་ཀྱི་ཉི་ཟླ་རྫོང།, Wylie: sems kyi nyi zla rdzong, ZWPY: Sêmgyi' nyida Zong, Chinese: 香格里拉县; pinyin: Xiānggélǐlā xiàn) is a primarily Tibetan county in northwestern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China and is the location of the seat of the Dêqên Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

Name[edit]

In the second half of the 20th century the county was called Zhongdian County (Chinese: 中甸县 Zhōngdiàn Xiàn) but was renamed in 17 Devember 2001 as Shangri-La County (other spellings: Semkyi'nyida, Xianggelila, or Xamgyi'nyilha) after the fictional land of Shangri-La in the 1933 James Hilton novel Lost Horizon, in an effort to promote tourism in the area. The original Tibetan population previously refers to this place by its traditional name Gyalthang County or Gyaitang County (Standard Tibetan: རྒྱལ་ཐང།; Wylie: rgyal thang, ZWPY: Gyaitang), meaning "Royal plains". This ancient name is reflected in the Tibetan Pinyin name of the town of Jiantang or Gyaitang (建塘; Jiàntáng), the county seat.

Towns[edit]

In the early morning of January 11, 2014, a fire broke out in the 1,000 year old Dukezong Tibetan neighborhood. About 242 homes and shops were destroyed and 2,600 residents were displaced.[1]

Climate[edit]

Shangri-La has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), due to the high elevation. Winters are chilly but sunny, with a January 24-hour average temperature of −3.2 °C (26.2 °F), while summers are cool, with a July 24-hour average temperature of 13.5 °C (56.3 °F), and feature frequent rain; more than 70% of the annual precipitation is delivered from June to September. The annual mean is 5.85 °C (42.5 °F). Except during the summer, nights are usually sharply cooler than the days. Despite the dryness of the winter, the small amount of precipitation is generally sufficient to cause major transportation dislocations and isolate the area between November and March.

Climate data for Shangri-La (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
16.2
(61.2)
21.5
(70.7)
22.7
(72.9)
24.2
(75.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.4
(77.7)
25.1
(77.2)
23.8
(74.8)
20.9
(69.6)
18.8
(65.8)
17.9
(64.2)
25.6
(78.1)
Average high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
6.7
(44.1)
9.2
(48.6)
12.5
(54.5)
17.0
(62.6)
19.2
(66.6)
19.3
(66.7)
18.9
(66)
17.4
(63.3)
14.7
(58.5)
11.0
(51.8)
8.2
(46.8)
13.37
(56.07)
Average low °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−7.4
(18.7)
−3.6
(25.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.4
(38.1)
8.4
(47.1)
9.8
(49.6)
9.1
(48.4)
7.4
(45.3)
1.3
(34.3)
−5.8
(21.6)
−10.6
(12.9)
0.02
(32.03)
Record low °C (°F) −23.9
(−11)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−17.5
(0.5)
−10
(14)
−7.4
(18.7)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.1
(34)
1.0
(33.8)
−3
(27)
−11.1
(12)
−16.5
(2.3)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−27.4
(−17.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 7.8
(0.307)
14.4
(0.567)
34.8
(1.37)
32.4
(1.276)
25.9
(1.02)
80.2
(3.157)
157.4
(6.197)
151.3
(5.957)
80.6
(3.173)
44.5
(1.752)
12.7
(0.5)
4.9
(0.193)
646.9
(25.469)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.2 6.6 9.3 11.1 11.5 17.9 23.2 23.1 19.3 10.1 4.0 2.1 142.4
Source: Weather China

National park[edit]

Tibetan houses in the outskirts of Zhongdian

Transport[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°50′N 99°42.1′E / 27.833°N 99.7017°E / 27.833; 99.7017