Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy

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Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy
Shankar Ehsaan Loy.jpg
Background information
Also known as S-E-L
Origin Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Genres Film score, soundtrack, theatre, world music
Instruments Guitar, keyboard, synthesizer,santoor, sarod
Years active 1997–present
Labels SEL Songs
Associated acts Shakti
Website www.shankarehsaanloy.com
Members Shankar Mahadevan
Ehsaan Noorani
Loy Mendonsa

Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy (About this sound pronunciation ) is an Indian musical trio consisting of Shankar Mahadevan, Ehsaan Noorani and Loy Mendonsa. Record producers,[1] musicians and multi-instrumentalists, they have composed music for over fifty soundtracks across four languages. Among the most critically acclaimed Indian musicians,[2] the trio have won over twenty awards, including one National Film Award, three Filmfare Awards, three IIFA Awards among several other awards and nominations. They are often referred to as "Amar Akbar Anthony" of Hindi film music by several, including eminent critic Rajeev Masand.[3][4]

Members[edit]

Shankar Mahadevan[edit]

Main article: Shankar Mahadevan

Shankar Mahadevan was born and brought up in Chembur, a suburb of Mumbai,[5] in a Tamil Iyer family from Kerala.[6] He learned Hindustani classical music and Carnatic music in his childhood and started playing the veena at the age of five. He studied under Srinivas Khale, a popular Marathi music composer. After graduating in 1988 with a degree in Software Engineering from Ramrao Adik Institute of Technology in Navi Mumbai under the auspices of Mumbai University, he worked as a software engineer on Oracle Version Six. He is the main vocalist of the trio. After working for a while for Leading Edge Systems, Shankar ventured into the field of music.[7] He earned his first award as a playback singer in a Tamil movie, collaborating with A. R. Rahman and winning a National Film Award for his song in Kandukondain Kandukondain. A prominent star in Tamil cinema, he gained further recognition upon the release of his first music album, Breathless, in 1998.

Ehsaan Noorani[edit]

Main article: Ehsaan Noorani

Ehsaan Noorani is the lead guitarist. Ehsaan has studied music with Bismarck Rodrigues, an experienced guitar teacher from Mumbai. He provides the SEL brand an energetic burst that is often experienced in their on-stage performances. Ehsaan is the first Indian to have endorsed a signature line of Fender guitars, one of the largest and most reputed guitar manufacturers in the world.[8][9]

Loy Mendonsa[edit]

Main article: Loy Mendonsa

Loy Mendonsa is the keyboardist. He played keyboard for famous music composers such as A. R. Rahman. His daughter, Alyssa Mendonsa, recently made her singing debut with the hit track "Uff Teri Adaa" from the movie Karthik Calling Karthik.

History[edit]

Formation (1985–1997)[edit]

Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy at Idea Rocks India, Bangalore (6 April 2012)

Shankar Ehsaan and Loy came up from the ranks of the non-film music scene, performing rock, blues, jazz and pop before entering the film music industry.[10] Shankar Mahadevan, a software engineer, worked on Oracle Version Six and studied Western, Hindustani and Carnatic classical music. He made his debut with the 1985 Marathi film Vahinichi Maya. A leading playback singer with Pukar, Sapnay and Biwi No.1 to his credit, he also composed "Breathless".

Ehsaan Noorani studied music at the Musicians' Institute in Los Angeles and worked with the like of Ronnie Desai, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, Kalyanji-Anandji and Louis Banks. He composed Alien Desire, did several jingles and like Loy, was part of a blues-and-acid jazz band. Loy Mendonsa is trained in Western classical and also learnt the rudiments of Indian classical music. He performed with several group bands, plays (Godspell, West Side Story, Jesus Christ Superstar) and composed jingles and signature tunes (Fauji, The World This Week).[11]

Ehsaan was doing jingles and Loy was in Delhi before the union. Loy was writing for television then. The show Quiz Time was his first work and Siddharth Basu gave him his first break. Then he did Prannoy Roy's The World This Week. A few more shows came along and he also did theatre and Shah Rukh Khan's Fauji. Loy had also worked as keyboardist with A. R. Rahman and Shankar had sung many famous tracks for him.[12] In 1989, Ehsaan met Loy, who was working for Ranjit Barot, an ad film composer. From then on, they joined together and composed several ad jingles together. Later, Ehsaan and Loy met Shankar when he was roped in by Ranjit Barot to sing for the Pepsi ad directed by Mukul Anand. Since then, they started to compose for ads as a trio.[13]

Early Years (1997-01)[edit]

Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy were to make their debut as composers in Mukul Anand's film Dus. Director Anand wanted Ehsaan to compose the music for the film, but he insisted that Shankar and Loy work with him and Anand agreed.[13] The film remained incomplete after Anand's death, though the album was released later in 1999. After Dus, they had composed music for a couple of films like Rockford and Bhopal Express, but all of them went unnoticed. Their entry to mainstream cinema was with Vidhu Vinod Chopra's Mission Kashmir, which was a musical hit and earned the trio a place in the Bollywood film industry. They also earned IIFA nominations for the same.[11]

Dil Chahta Hai and Rise to Fame (2001–04)[edit]

In 2001, they made their film debut in Tamil film industry, as Kamal Hassan signed them to compose for Aalavandhan. The music sold well due to the hype surrounding the movie,[14] though the movie itself was a dud in the box-office. The turning point of their career as music directors though, was Dil Chahta Hai, which was the debut film of Farhan Akhtar as a director. Initially, A. R. Rahman was considered to do the music, but he backed out due to other assignments. Then the trio composed a title track for the film, which Farhan liked, and he signed them for the film.[13] The film won wide critical acclaim and went on to attain cult status among audiences.[15] This marked the beginning of the trio's friendship with Farhan Akhtar and long-term association with Excel Entertainments.

Post Dil Chahta Hai, they composed music for several small budget films like Yeh Kya Ho Raha Hai?, Nayee Padosan and Ek Aur Ek Gyarah, where all of them went unnoticed as all the movies were panned by the critics. They also had two big ventures, Honey Irani's Armaan and Rohan Sippy's Kuch Naa Kaho, which yet again, failed to impress both critics and audiences – though their work in Armaan was lauded by critics.[16]

Kal Ho Naa Ho and First National Award (2004–06)[edit]

Following Dil Chahta Hai, their next big venture was Dharma Productions' Kal Ho Naa Ho, directed by Nikhil Advani. The album broke all the previous records as a best-selling album. The music won many awards including the National Film Award for Best Music Direction.[17]

The year 2005 saw them collaborate with Shaad Ali for Bunty Aur Babli, as his first choice, A.R. Rahman, was busy with other assignments. The soundtrack, despite the initial mixed reaction from various critics, became immensely popular among the public, and went on to win several awards including Filmfare and IIFA awards. The song "Kajra Re" featuring Aishwarya Rai, Abhishek Bachchan and Amitabh Bachchan became a rage among the listeners.

Following the success of Kabhi Alvida Naa Kehna, their next album of 2006 was Farhan Akhtar's Don: The Chase Begins Again starring Shahrukh Khan. They composed seven songs, including two versions of "Yeh Mera Dil" and "Khaike Paan Banaraswala", from the original Don. The track "Aaj Ki Raat" was included in the Academy Award winning soundtrack Slumdog Millionaire.[18]

Later career (2007–present)[edit]

2007 was arguably the best year of their career.[19] The year started off with Nikhil Advani's multistarrer Salaam-e-Ishq: A Tribute to Love, which was lauded by critics and music lovers alike, and went on to rule the music charts.[20] The music was praised by the movie critics too, despite the movie itself receiving mixed to negative responses.[21] Same was the fate of their next release, Jhoom Barabar Jhoom. Despite the music getting positive reviews[22] and music becoming quite a sensation among listeners, the movie failed to make a mark.[23] However, this pattern was broken by their next release, Akshay Kumar's Heyy Babyy, where both the movie and music was a commercial success.[24]

In August, the album Johnny Gaddaar was released, which was co produced by the trio and Adlabs, first of its kind in the history of Bollywood.[25] Both the music and movie received overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics.

Their year ended on a good note, as their last album of the year, Aamir Khan's Taare Zameen Par, was well received by critics, and both movie and music got a cult status among the audience.[19] Thus, a really good year for the trio came to an end, with most of the above albums making its way to the top 10 lists of all major websites.[26][27]

In 2008. their major release was Rock On!! – which was a cult favourite and rage among the audience, and went on to become a huge commercial success,[28] despite the initial cold reaction from the critics.[29] Luck By Chance was their last album of 2008, which garnered positive reviews from both Indian and international critics alike.[30]

In 2009 the scored music of Salman Khan and Ajay Devgan starrer London Dreams. Although the music received favourable reviews,[ldmusic 1][ldmusic 2] the movie didn't fare well in the box office. They also composed the music of Ayan Mukherjee's debut film Wake Up Sid starring Ranbir Kapoor along with Amit Trivedi. The music, especially the title track, topped charts.[31]

Their first soundtrack of the 2010 was Shahrukh Khan starrer My Name Is Khan. The soundtrack blends western bar blues and techno sounds with Indian classical styles such as Sufi and Hindustani. The soundtrack was well received, and they bagged several awards including, Star Screen Award for Best Music Director, Big Star Award For Best Music, and IIFA Award for Best Background Score. This was followed by Farhan Akhtar's Karthik Calling Karthik which despite getting mixed reviews from critics, went on to rule the charts. The track "Uff Teri Adaa" marked the debut of Loy's daughter Alyssa Mendonsa and became immensely popular.[32] The next major release of the year was Sajid Khan's Housefull, which received generally favourable reviews from reviewers and the track "Oh Girl" crooned by Alyssa and Tarun Sagar topped the charts.[33] Ali Zafar's Tere Bin Laden then followed, of which the song "Ullu Da Pattha" became a rage. The phrase was hence used for the promotion of the movie.[34] Final release of 2010, was Dharma's We Are Family starring Arjun Rampal, Kajol and Kareena Kapoor. The album received lukewarm response, and the movie didn't do well at the box office either.[35]

2011 began with Nikhil Advani's Akshay Kumar starrer Patiala House, which was well received by all mainstream critics, though the movie didn't quite get such an enthralling reception.[36] The following release, Excel Entertainment's Game, was met with poor reviews. the movie itself was met with extremely negative reception from the critics and turned out to be a disaster at the box office.[37] They also scored music for Walt Disney's maiden Indian venture, Zokkomon. The music and the movie failed to generate any positive buzz.

Their first international venture, the UK movie West is West, was released on 18 February 2011. The music was well received by almost all the reviewers, despite the movie itself receiving reviews ranging from mixed to positive.[38]

Their major release of the year, Zoya Akhtar's multistarrer Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara, was met with universal critical acclaim and opened well in the charts.[39] However, the year ended on a low note for them with Farhan Akhtar's much anticipated Don 2 receiving mixed response from the critics.[40][41]

The trio had three releases in 2012. The bigger of their biggest releases, Kamal Haasan's controversial film Vishwaroopam, went on to become a major financial success.[42] Their other release, Chittagong, was met with critical praise, and won Shankar the 2013 National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer, and Prasoon Joshi the National Film Award for Best Lyrics.[43] They had also composed for the animated film Delhi Safari, whose title song was shortlisted for nominations in the Original Song category for the 85th Academy Awards.[44]

Other works[edit]

Shankar Ehsaan Loy performing at IFFI 2006

Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy have been involved in several projects aside from films. Ehsaan, Loy and Farhad had formed the band Instant Karma, and they released redone versions of R D Burman and other composers over two albums in 2002.[45] They have also composed music for several jingles, signature tunes for corporates including Reliance and Aircel, and public awareness campaigns. In 2010, the troika wrote music for the first ever Bollywood musical, Zangoora.[46]

In 2011, they composed the official anthem for ICC Cricket World Cup 2011, titled De Ghuma Ke, which became quite popular among youths and cricket enthusiasts within days of its release.[47]

In 2004, they performed for a concert organised by The Indian Express held in celebration of the democracy of India, which was also attended by Aamir Khan, Farhan Akhtar and other celebrities.[48] They organised a concert at IFFI titled Salaam Boss (Salute to the Boss) in 2006 paying tribute to the legendary music composer R.D. Burman.[49] Later in 2008, they performed for the Live Earth India Concert to help light homes with solar energy along with several other celebrities like Jon Bon Jovi.[50] They have also performed a worldwide tour in 2010, called Inspiration: Aman Ki Aasha tour, which began in New Jersey, United States. The tour was a major success, garnering overwhelming response from the audience.[51][52][53] They performed at UK for the first time, in the Asia Rocks! concert at London's Royal Albert Hall in September 2011.[54]

Frequent collaborators[edit]

Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy have composed for most of the films produced by Excel Entertainment, founded by Farhan Akhtar and Ritesh Sidhwani. They have also associated frequently with Karan Johar's Dharma Productions. Other notable collaborations are with directors like Nikhil Advani, Shaad Ali, Zoya Akhtar and Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra.

Most of the lyrics for the songs composed by the trio are penned by Javed Akhtar; however, they have also frequently associated with lyricists like Gulzar and Prasoon Joshi.

Musical style[edit]

Each member of the trio brings his own talents and experiences to the group, combining the Carnatic and Hindustani vocal tradition (Shankar), Western rock (Ehsaan) and a deep understanding of fusion including a virtual mastery over the electronic synthesizer (Loy). They continue a tradition quite common in Bollywood music, that of partnerships between music composers contributing and pooling their individual strengths, often combining deep knowledge of Hindustani (North Indian) and Carnatic (South Indian) classical music with technical expertise as composers and orchestral arrangers. Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy probably represent the first trio of composers to entertain Bollywood audiences themselves with their chart-topping music.[55]

The eternal quest among Bollywood's music composers has been to create interest among younger audiences who tend to be inspired more by musical themes and influences from the West. Since a film's soundtrack is a very influential and critical component of commercial and critical success (required and achieved or sometimes squandered at the box office), this quest to "deliver a film" has always inspired composers to create tunes which combine the best of both traditional Indian music and popular Western or international influences. An overwhelming majority of Bollywood's most popular music has been composed based on classical Indian rāgas (in Sanskrit "raga" is literally "color" or "mood"). Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy have bridged that gap.

Inspiration[edit]

Academy Award winning lyricist Gulzar described the music of the trio as a sensible synthesis of popularity and class.[56] Composer duo Vishal-Shekhar considers them as an inspiration.[57] Upcoming musicians Arko Mukherjee, Rajkumar Sengupta and Debopratim Bakshi of the Friends of Fusion band from Kolkatta said "We have been influenced by Shankar Ehsaan Loy, so we mix our own elements to their composition. It's our way of paying homage to them"[58] In Marathi film 'Satrangee Re' paid a tribute to Shankar Ehsan Loy by playing their song Kal Ho Naa Ho.Incidentally Shankar mahadevan's nephew Saumil Shringarpure also acted in this .

The trio is known for launching the career of numerous singers, including Mahalakshmi Iyer, Anusha Mani, Caralisa Monteiro, Dominique Cerejo, and Hard Kaur.

Awards[edit]

S-E-L give their acceptance speech after winning IIFA award for Best Music in 2005

Shankar Ehsaan Loy were the recipients of several awards, including two Filmfare awards (Bunty Aur Babli, Kal Ho Naa Ho), three International Indian Film Academy Awards (Kal Ho Naa Ho, Bunty Aur Babli, My Name is Khan), three Star Screen awards (Dil Chahta Hai, Bunty Aur Babli,My Name Is Khan),one Filmfare RD Burman Award for New Music Talent and two MTV Immies Awards. In 2004, they received the National Film Award for Best Music Direction for the film Kal Ho Naa Ho.

In 2010, they were honoured with the Years of Excellence at the Jack Daniel's Annual Rock Awards at Hard Rock Café, Mumbai.[59]

Other ventures[edit]

Business[edit]

SEL co-produced the album Johnny Gaddaar, with Adlabs, first time ever in the history of Hindi film music.[60] In 2010, they also launched their own record label, SEL Songs[61] and an iPhone app, making them the first Hindi film composers to do so.[62]

They provide celebrity endorsement for various brands, including Sennheiser, Philips Consumer Lifestyle[63] and Radio One 94.3[64]

Charitable causes[edit]

Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy have been involved in many charitable activities. They composed the music for an album Haath Se Haath Mila as the part of an AIDS Awareness campaign launched by BBC World Service Trust[65] In 2007, they performed in Chennai for a concert organised by The Shakti Foundation – For the Physically Challenged to raise funds.[66] Organized by Farhan Akhtar, they lead the Rock concert for raising funds for a paediatric medical camp in Bihar in 2008.[67] They also launched the You Know You Can Rock Harder G3 Challenge talent hunt in search of the most talented rock band in the country in the same year.[68] They had performed for a fund raising concert for the NGO Alert India which fights against leprosy in 2009.[69]

Discography[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy discography.

References[edit]

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  1. ^ Tuteja, Joginder. "London Dreams Music Review". Bollywoodhungama. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Pal, Chandrina. "London Dreams is all about Boys". Rediff.com. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 

External links[edit]

Quotations related to Shankar Mahadevan, Ehsaan Noorani and Loy Mendonsa at Wikiquote