Shankar Purushottam Agharkar

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S.P. Agharkar
Born 18 November 1884
Died 1 September 1960
Nationality Indian
Known for Agharkar Research Institute

Shankar Purushottam Agharkar (18 November 1884 – 1 September 1960) was an Indian Morphologist. Agharkar obtained his PhD degree (1919) from the University of Berlin, Germany. His specialization was in Plant Morphology. He was the Ghosh Professor of Botany (1920–47) at the University of Calcutta; and Founder Director (1946–60) of Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

He was born in 1884. Since childhood he was fascinated by plants and animals which led him to discover a new species of jellyfish.He was known for his accurate information and detailed observations.


Later C.V.Raman recommended him for the Ghosh professorship at Calcutta (now known as Kolkata).He went to Germany to obtain the PhD degree from the University of Berlin in 1919 but was imprisoned as the World War I broke out. However he completed his PhD in jail and returned to India.

Awards and Honours[edit]

  • Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science Research Institute, was renamed in 1992 as the Agharkar Research Institute (ARI) in honour the Founder Director.[3]
  • Indian Science Congress Medal of Asiatic Society - 1934
  • Member of Indian Society of Soil Science (Honorary Secretary) - 1935-1940
  • President of Botanical Society of Bengal - 1940-1945
  • President of Indian Ecological Society - 1940-1945
  • Vice President of Asiatic Society - 1945-1946
  • President of Brihan Maharashtra Parishad- 1943

See also[edit]

Agharkar Research Institute


  1. ^ Age of Entanglement. Harvard University Press. 6 Jan 2014. p. 208. ISBN 0674726316. 
  2. ^ "ISCA". Research Journal of Recent Sciences. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science Research Institute was renamed". Department of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2 May 2014.