Shannon, Quebec

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Shannon
Municipality
Nickname(s): Shannon City
Location within La Jacques-Cartier RCM.
Location within La Jacques-Cartier RCM.
Shannon is located in Central Quebec
Shannon
Shannon
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°53′N 71°31′W / 46.883°N 71.517°W / 46.883; -71.517Coordinates: 46°53′N 71°31′W / 46.883°N 71.517°W / 46.883; -71.517[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Capitale-Nationale
RCM La Jacques-Cartier
Settled 1830s
Constituted January 1, 1947
Government[2]
 • Mayor Clive Kiley
 • Federal riding Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier
 • Prov. riding La Peltrie
Area[2][3]
 • Total 64.80 km2 (25.02 sq mi)
 • Land 63.71 km2 (24.60 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 5,086
 • Density 79.8/km2 (207/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 33.0%
 • Dwellings 1,936
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0A 4N1
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 369
Website www.shannon.ca

Shannon is a municipality in Quebec, Canada, along the Jacques-Cartier River north-east of Quebec City.

It was formed in December 1946 when it separated from the territory of Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault, following protests of this part of the population against the municipal taxes. The community was founded by Irish immigrants and once contained a substantial English-speaking population, though today it is chiefly French-speaking. Its longtime principal economic activity was the exploitation of wood bound for the shipyards of Quebec. The town is located near CFB Valcartier, an important Canadian military base.

History[edit]

The area was first settled in the 19th century, by mostly Irish immigrants. The place may have been named after a prominent settler family, as religious records indicated the death of a certain Richard Shannon in 1831 and Simon Shannon the next year. Further impetus to its development came around 1850 when the timber industry began and in 1860 when a sawmill was built. Around 1861, about two thirds of the population was Irish, and by 1900, half the population.[1]

In 1905, the Shannon Post Office opened. In 1914, part of Shannon's territory was expropriated to enlarge the Valcartier military base.[1]

In 1947, the Municipality of Shannon was officially established when it separated from the Parish Municipality of Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault.[1]

Cancer cluster[edit]

Current and past citizens of Shannon, near Quebec City, are alleging in a class-action suit against the federal government that the chemical trichloroethylene seeped into the town's water supply. The lawsuit has ballooned to almost 3000 people, including many with other illnesses allegedly linked to TCE and relatives of deceased persons who once resided in Shannon. According to lawyers, the number could eventually reach as many as 6,000.[4] TCE is a manufactured chemical that is mainly used as a solvent to remove grease from metal parts in the automotive and metals industries. It is also an ingredient in adhesives, paint removers, typewriter correction fluids and spot removers. TCE is further used as a chemical building block to make other chemicals. It was formerly used as a general anesthetic, an alternative to ether or chloroform; as a solvent in dry-cleaning; and to extract oils, caffeine and flavours from plants.[5]

“I have no doubt that the toxicology reports have determined the direct link between the cancer incidents and the trichloroethylene in the water,” said toxicology expert Michel Charbonneau, who worked with the Pittsburgh group.[6] The suit is scheduled to be heard in Quebec Superior Court in January 2011.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Shannon, Quebec[7]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 3,535 —    
1996 3,751 +6.1%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 3,668 −2.2%
2006 3,825 +4.3%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 5,086 +33.0%

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 1,801 (total dwellings: 1,936)

Language[edit]

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 7.2%
  • French as first language: 86.4%
  • English and French as first language: 1.0%
  • Other as first language: 5.4%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Shannon (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-04-12. 
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Shannon
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada (March 10, 2009). "2011 Community profiles - Shannon". Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  4. ^ "Que. town wants compensation over contaminated water". Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  5. ^ "FAQs about TCE". CBC News. 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Quebeckers launch class action over cancer cluster near military base". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census