Shannon County, South Dakota
|Shannon County, South Dakota|
Location in the state of South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Peter Shannon, Chief Justice of the Dakota Territory Supreme Court, 1873-82.|
|Largest city||Pine Ridge|
2,097 sq mi (5,430 km²)
2,094 sq mi (5,423 km²)
3 sq mi (7 km²), 0.13%
5/sq mi (2/km²)
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
|Footnotes: Hot Springs in neighboring Fall River County serves as its administrative center|
The county is entirely within the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation and contains part of Badlands National Park. The county's median household income makes it the forty-eighth poorest county in the United States. (Kalawao County, Hawaii, is the poorest.)
In recent years, its residents have become more politically active, voting in state and national elections. A voter registration drive in 2002 helped gain support for the Democratic candidate for the US Senate, and turnout in Shannon County and across the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation helped narrowly elect Tim Johnson to office. The county has the distinction of having the highest percentage of Democratic votes for President in the 2004 election of any county in the US (85%), in 2008 with 88.69%, and in 2012 with 93.39%. It has not voted for a Republican in a presidential election since 1952. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county, the only such county in South Dakota; taxes on alcohol illegally consumed within the county go to other counties.[clarification needed]
Shannon County is one of two counties in South Dakota that does not have its own county seat (Todd County is the other). Hot Springs in neighboring Fall River County serves as its administrative center. It is also one of five South Dakota counties that are entirely on an Indian reservation. (The others are Corson, Dewey, Todd, and Ziebach.)
Until 1982, Shannon and Washabaugh County, South Dakota were the last unorganized counties in the United States. Although it was organized and received a home rule charter that year, Shannon, as noted above, contracts with Fall River County for its Auditor, Treasurer, and Registrar of Deeds.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,097 square miles (5,430 km2), of which 2,094 square miles (5,420 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) is water. The total area is 0.13% water.
The county is divided into two areas of unorganized territory: East Shannon and West Shannon.
Major highways 
Adjacent counties 
- Pennington County, South Dakota - north
- Jackson County, South Dakota - northeast
- Bennett County, South Dakota - east
- Sheridan County, Nebraska - south
- Dawes County, Nebraska - southwest
- Fall River County, South Dakota - west
- Custer County, South Dakota - northwest
National protected area 
- Badlands National Park (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,466 people, 2,785 households, and 2,353 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 3,123 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 4.51% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 94.20% Native American, 0.02% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.42% of the population.
There are 2,785 households out of which 51.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.40% were married couples living together, 36.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.50% were non-families. 13.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.00% have someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.36 and the average family size was 4.72.
In the county the population was spread out with 45.30% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 13.80% from 45 to 64, and 4.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $20,916, and the median income for a family was $20,897. Males had a median income of $25,170 versus $22,594 for females. The per capita income for the county was $6,286. About 45.10% of families and 52.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 60.80% of those under age 18 and 36.00% of those age 65 or over.
- Batesland (Population:108)
Census-designated places 
- Kyle (Population:846)
- Manderson-White Horse Creek (Population:626)
- Oglala (Population:1,290)
- Pine Ridge (Population:3,308)
- Porcupine (Population:1,062)
- Wounded Knee (Population:382)
Other community 
See also 
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- , accessed April 19, 2009.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions: South Dakota". Population Census. 2010 United States Census. 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-07-26.
||Custer County||Pennington County||Jackson County|
|Fall River County||Bennett County|
|Dawes County, Nebraska||Sheridan County, Nebraska|