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For other uses see Shao bing (disambiguation)

Typical shaobing. The round shaobing on the right are sweet and filled with sugar and the long shaobing on the left are savory and salted.
Alternative names Huoshao
Type Flatbread
Course Breakfast
Place of origin China
Serving temperature breakfast
Cookbook:Shaobing  Shaobing
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Literal meaning roasted pastry
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Literal meaning fire roasted

Shaobing (shāo bǐng), also written shao bing or sao bing,[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12] is a type of baked, unleavened, layered flatbread bread in Chinese cuisine. Shaobing can be made with or without stuffing, and with or without sesame on top. Shaobing contains a variety of stuffings that can be grouped into two main flavors: savory or sweet. Some common stuffings include red bean paste, black sesame paste, stir-fried mung beans with egg and tofu, braised beef, smoked meat,[13] or beef or pork with spices.[14]

Shaobing is not very well known in southern China, unlike other northern dishes like mantou, baozi, and youtiao. Some unique varieties of shaobing can be completely unheard of in the south. Different types of shaobing are often associated with certain cities and towns.

Shaobing is a common breakfast item. Filled shaobing are usually eaten with soy milk and tea, while unfilled ones are usually eaten with steamed eggs or a breakfast meat dish. In the Mandarin cuisine tradition, shaobing are served with hot pot (huǒguō) in winter or soy milk.


Chinese legends claim that the roasted flatbread Shaobing (shao-ping) was brought back from the Xiyu (the Western Regions, known as Central Asia) by the Han dynasty General Ban Chao, and that it was originally known as Hubing 胡餅 (barbarian pastry). The shao-ping is believed to be descended from the Hu-ping (Hubing).[15] Shao-ping is believed to be related to the Persian and Central Asian Nan bread and the near eastern pita bread.[16][17][18] Foreign westerners made and sold sesame cakes in China during the Tang dynasty.[19]

Liu Ji was one of the most famous scholars of the Ming dynasty. He presented a cryptic lyrical song titled "Shaobing Song" (燒餅歌) to the Zhu Yuanzhang emperor. The song supposedly predicted the future of China.[20][21][22]

Image gallery[edit]

Taiwanese sesame paste shaobing:


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  2. ^ "Hua Juan and Sao Bing". Baking With Em&M. 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  3. ^ Westways, Volume 61. Automobile Club of Southern California. 1969. p. 57. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Hou, Helena (1977). Return to Peking. China Publishing Company. p. 44,47. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  5. ^ Common Ground, Volume 4. Contributor American Universities Field Staff. American Universities Field Staff. 1978. p. 67. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
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  10. ^ Fu Pei-Mei (2010). Pei-Mei's Chinese Cookbook Volume 1, Volume 1. Translated by Paul Eng Contributor Martha Dahlen. askmar publishing. ISBN 1935842048. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  11. ^ Fu Pei Mei (2010). Pei-Mei's Chinese Cookbook Volume 2. askmar publishing. ISBN 1935842056. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  12. ^ Shurtleff, William; Aoyagi, Akiko (2009). History of Miso, Soybean Jiang (China), Jang (Korea) and Tauco (Indonesia) (200 BC-2009). Soyinfo Center. p. 329. ISBN 1928914225. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  13. ^ Kraig, Bruce, ed. (2013). Street Food Around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 92. ISBN 1598849557. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  14. ^ Church, Marguerite Chien (2002). Adopted, the Chinese Way. Infinity Publishing. p. 127. ISBN 0741412241. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  15. ^ Huang, H. T. (2000). Fermentations and Food Science, Volume 6. Cambridge University Press. p. 474. ISBN 0521652707. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  16. ^ Anderson, E. N. (1988). The Food of China (illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). Yale University Press. p. 143, 144, 218. ISBN 0300047398. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  17. ^ Simoons, Frederick J. (1990). Food in China: A Cultural and Historical Inquiry. CRC Press. p. 89. ISBN 084938804X. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  18. ^ Free China Review, Volume 45, Issues 7-12. W.Y. Tsao. 1995. p. 66. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  19. ^ Schafer, Edward H. (1963). The Golden Peaches of Samarkand: A Study of Tʻang Exotics (illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). University of California Press. p. 29. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  20. ^ Windridge, Charles. [1999] (2003) Tong Sing The Chinese Book of Wisdom. Kyle Cathie Limited. ISBN 0-7607-4535-8. pg 124-125.
  21. ^ Ji, Liu. [2004] (2004) 燒餅歌與推背圖. Bai Shan Shu Fang Publishing Company. ISBN 986-7769-00-7.
  22. ^ HK geocities. "HK geocities." 燒餅歌. Retrieved on 2008-09-19.