Shaoyang

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For other uses, see Shaoyang County.
Shaoyang
邵阳市
Prefecture-level city
East Avenue (东大路)
East Avenue (东大路)
Shaoyang is located in Hunan
Shaoyang
Shaoyang
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates: 27°15′N 111°28′E / 27.250°N 111.467°E / 27.250; 111.467
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
County-level divisions 3 Districts
1 county-level city
7 counties
1 autonomous county
Township-level divisions 21 Subdistricts
97 towns
78 townships
21 ethnic townships
Village-level divisions 335 residential communities
5,551 villages
Area
 • Total 20,829.63 km2 (8,042.37 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,071,741
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 422000
Area code(s) 0739
Licence plate prefixes E
Administrative division code 430500
ISO 3166-2 CN-43-05

Shaoyang (simplified Chinese: 邵阳; traditional Chinese: 邵陽; pinyin: Shàoyáng) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Hunan province, People's Republic of China, bordering Guangxi to the south. Shaoyang has a history of 2500 years and remains an important commercial and transportation city in Hunan. It has a city area and 8 suburban counties, with a population of 7.6 million, the largest in Hunan province.

One of the major forest areas in Hunan, Shaoyang has a forest coverage of 42.7%. The 23,000,000 acres (93,000 km2) Nan Shan Pastures is one of the biggest in Southern China which provide dairy products and meat for Hunanese.

Shaoyang is home to Shaoyang University. The school is composed of former Shaoyang Normal College and Shaoyang College.

Shaoyang dialect of Lou Shao group of dialects of Xiang is spoken here.

Climate[edit]

Shaoyang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with cool, damp winters, and hot, humid summers. Winter begins relatively dry but not sunny and becomes progressively damper and cloudier; spring brings both the most frequent and heaviest rain of the year. Summer is comparatively sunny, while autumn is somewhat dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperatures ranges from 5.2 °C (41.4 °F) in January to 28.2 °C (82.8 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 17.05 °C (62.7 °F). The annual precipitation is about 1,340 mm (53 in).

Climate data for Shaoyang (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
10.2
(50.4)
14.4
(57.9)
21.1
(70)
26.0
(78.8)
29.4
(84.9)
32.8
(91)
32.4
(90.3)
28.3
(82.9)
23.0
(73.4)
17.4
(63.3)
12.1
(53.8)
21.3
(70.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
4.3
(39.7)
7.9
(46.2)
13.7
(56.7)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
20.3
(68.5)
14.9
(58.8)
9.4
(48.9)
4.5
(40.1)
13.9
(57.0)
Precipitation mm (inches) 67.5
(2.657)
82.8
(3.26)
118.4
(4.661)
166.2
(6.543)
198.7
(7.823)
200.4
(7.89)
125.4
(4.937)
124.3
(4.894)
79.6
(3.134)
87.7
(3.453)
59.6
(2.346)
33.8
(1.331)
1,344.4
(52.929)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 15.3 15.3 18.6 17.8 16.9 15.2 11.4 11.6 8.8 11.7 10.1 9.6 162.3
Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions[edit]

Shaoyang administers three districts, one county-level city, seven counties, and one autonomous county.

Demographics[edit]

According to the Sixth National Census in 2010, Shaoyang's permanent residence population of 7,071,741 ranked it 2nd out of 14 prefecture-level divisions of Hunan; the male-female ratio was 107.95 to 100. Educational attainment levels were as follows: 4.49% bachelor's or higher, 60.01% middle school (初中) or higher, and the illiteracy rate was 3.24%. There were 1,950,605 households in which 6,913,913 resided, forming 97.77% of the provincial population and resulting in an average of 3.54 persons/household. Age distribution was as follows: 1,512,664 (21.39%) ≤14 years, 4,862,468 (68.76%) 15−64 years, 696,609 (9.85%) 65+ years.

Shaoyang administrative and population data
Division Area[1]
(km2)
Permanent residents[2]
(2010 Census)
Hukou permits[3]
(late 2009)
Divisions[4]
Subdistricts Towns Townships Including
ethnic
townships
Residential
communities
Villages
SHAOYANG CITY 20,829.63 7,071,741 7,705,957 21 97 99 21 335 5551
Shuangqing District 137.08 307,980 270,458 6 2 4 54 63
Daxiang District 214.66 340,605 309,752 6 2 4 44 81
Beita District 84.39 104,609 87,714 2 3 14 40
Shaodong County 1,776.38 896,625 1,260,966 3 16 9 33 977
Xinshao County 1,762.97 743,073 764,905 11 4 28 652
Shaoyang County 1,996.88 915,600 999,148 12 10 23 633
Longhui County 2,871.16 1,095,392 1,156,917 15 11 2 41 964
Dongkou County 2184.01 770,473 833,003 10 12 3 23 566
Suining County 2,898.89 351,139 363,740 6 19 14 14 348
Xinning County 2,751.31 560,742 607,055 9 9 2 15 474
Chengbu Miao Autonomous County 2,619.76 250,633 267,921 6 5 21 271
Wugang City 1,532.15 734,870 784,378 4 8 9 25 482

Economy[edit]

2011 Shaoyang GDP figures[5]
(GDP in millions CNY/USD; per capita GDP in CNY)
Division RMB USD Purchasing power
(USD)
Growth (%) Percentage (%) Per capita GDP
SHAOYANG CITY 90,723 14,046 21,740 13.2 100 12,797
City proper 18,308 2,835 4,387 20.18
Shuangqing District 8,175.09 1,265.73 1,959.00 12.6 9.01
Daxiang District 8,063.65 1,248.47 1,932.29 15.2 8.89
Beita District 2,069.27 320.38 495.86 15.1 2.28 19,698
Outlying 76,358 11,822 18,298 84.17
Shaodong County 20,220.00 3,130.61 4,845.32 14.4 22.29 22,299
Xinshao County 7,429.81 1,150.34 1,780.41 13.6 8.19 9,998
Shaoyang County 8,108.55 1,255.43 1,943.05 12.2 8.94 7,796
Longhui County 9,332.00 1,444.85 2,236.23 11.6 10.29 8,499
Dongkou County 9,012.00 1,395.31 2,159.55 12.6 9.93 11,784
Suining County 5,018.45 776.99 1,202.57 12.2 5.53
Xinning County 5,307.47 821.74 1,271.83 11.7 5.85 9,425
Chengbu County 2,320.63 359.30 556.09 11.5 2.56 9,238
Wugang City 7,932.57 1,228.18 1,900.88 13.8 8.74 10,746

Although it is, by 2010 Census permanent resident population, the second-largest prefecture-level division of Hunan, its GDP (4.62% of provincial output) places it ninth within the province, making it an archetypal example of a large-population, relatively-backwards-economy city. The GDP per capita of 12,797 CNY is the lowest in the province, and is only 42.9% of the provincial average, 36.5% of the national average, and 78% of even Guizhou's corresponding figure.[5] Primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors respectively accounted for 23.9%, 38.2%, and 37.9% of the economy.

Noted people[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 《邵阳市土地利用总体规划(2006-2020年)》
  2. ^ 《邵阳市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》
  3. ^ 《中华人民共和国全国分县市人口统计资料2009》
  4. ^ 《中国民政统计年鉴2011》
  5. ^ a b 2011 GDP figures based on Shaoyang Statistical Bureau (2011年度各区县市统计公报). 2011 conversion from CNY to USD according to the-then exchange rate of 6.4588 CNY/1 USD, purchasing power based on an April 2012 report that used an exchange rate of 4.1731 CNY/1Geary–Khamis dollar (Intl. $).

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°15′N 111°28′E / 27.250°N 111.467°E / 27.250; 111.467