Shap

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Coordinates: 54°31′44″N 2°40′34″W / 54.529°N 2.676°W / 54.529; -2.676

Shap
Shap - Market Cross.jpg
Shap Market Cross
Shap is located in Cumbria
Shap
Shap
 Shap shown within Cumbria
Population 1,221 (2001)
OS grid reference NY563150
Civil parish Shap
District Eden
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PENRITH
Postcode district CA10
Dialling code 01931
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Penrith and the Border
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Shap is a linear village and civil parish located among fells and isolated dales in Eden district, Cumbria, England. The village lies along the A6 road and the West Coast Main Line, and is near to the M6 motorway. It is situated 10 miles (16 km) from Penrith and about 15 miles (24 km) from Kendal, in the historic county of Westmorland.

Etymology[edit]

Early (12th- and 13th-century) forms such as Hep and Yheppe point to an Old Norse rendering Hjáp of an Old English original Hēap = "heap", (of stones), perhaps referring to an ancient stone circle, cairn, or to the Shap Stone Avenue just to the west of the village.[1]

Description[edit]

The village has three pubs, a small supermarket, a fish and chip shop, an antique book shop, a butcher's shop, a primary school, a newsagent's, a coffee shop, a ceramic art studio called Edge Ceramics, a fire station, a bank (only open 4 hours a week), a shoe shop (New Balance factory shop) an Anglican church and 3 B&B/ Hostels.

Major employers in the area are Hanson and Tata Steel.

Although Shap is geographically a small village, it is legally a market town with a charter dating from the 17th century. The parish was, between 1905 and 1935, administered by an urban district council. At one time, the granite works (which are situated about a mile outside the village) was in itself a separate community, with its own Co-op store.

The civil parish of Shap (formerly Shap Urban Parish) includes the hamlet of Keld and parts of the granite works and limestone works, and has a population of 1,221.[2] The parish shares a joint parish council with Shap Rural.

Shap is on the route of the Coast to Coast Walk. There are a few places to stop on this long walk once arriving in Shap. The New Ing Lodge, the Hermitage, Brookfield House, Green Farm (camping) and the King's Arms and Greyhound pubs.

Some of the scenes in the feature film Withnail and I were filmed around Shap. Sleddale Hall, the filming location for Uncle Monty's cottage Crow Crag, is located near Wet Sleddale Reservoir.

On 22 October 1999, a Hawk jet from RAF Leeming crashed into an empty barn in the village before disintegrating across the A6 and West Coast railway line, killing its two-man crew.

Transport links[edit]

The Lancaster and Carlisle Railway (now part of the West Coast Main Line), opened on 17 December 1846, and runs along the eastern edge of the village, but Shap railway station was closed in 1968, though there have been recent calls for its re-opening. The village sits on the A6 main road, and until the building of the M6, all of the main west coast road traffic ran through the village. Shap has easy access to the M6.

Dialect[edit]

The people of Shap speak a variant of the Penrithian dialect, which is itself a variant of the Cumbrian dialect spoken around the Penrith and Eden district area.

Attractions[edit]

Shap Summit is located on the motorway at NY583120 and the railway at NY570110. Shap Fell used to be notorious for the difficult and dangerous stretch of A6 for drivers, and it includes a well-known section of the West Coast Main Line. It has a 1:75 gradient for trains heading north, and in the days of steam locomotives banking engines from Tebay were often being used to assist trains. It has been popular with railway photographers and there have been many pictures published taken in the area, most notably at Scout Green which lies on the southern approach to the hill.

Shap Fell NY530088 is known for Shap granite[3] that is a pink rock rich in orthoclase, quartz and biotite; Shap Pink Quarry NY557083 takes its name from this.

Shap Abbey NY547151 is nearby in the secluded valley of the river Lowther. Impressive ruins dating from 1199.

Shap Wells has a mineral spa located in the grounds of the Shap Wells hotel which was used in World War II as a prisoner of war camp.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Shap, Cumbria 1981 - 2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
5.8
(42.4)
7.9
(46.2)
10.7
(51.3)
14.1
(57.4)
16.4
(61.5)
18.3
(64.9)
17.8
(64)
15.6
(60.1)
11.8
(53.2)
8.2
(46.8)
5.8
(42.4)
11.49
(52.68)
Average low °C (°F) 0.0
(32)
−0.3
(31.5)
1.1
(34)
2.4
(36.3)
4.5
(40.1)
7.8
(46)
9.8
(49.6)
9.2
(48.6)
7.3
(45.1)
4.9
(40.8)
2.0
(35.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.03
(39.26)
Precipitation mm (inches) 230.8
(9.087)
165.5
(6.516)
159.6
(6.283)
90.6
(3.567)
97.6
(3.843)
87.5
(3.445)
98.8
(3.89)
112.6
(4.433)
128.3
(5.051)
193.1
(7.602)
199.0
(7.835)
215.6
(8.488)
1,779
(70.04)
Avg. precipitation days 17.6 13.0 16.4 12.1 12.4 11.5 11.7 13.5 12.6 17.3 17.1 15.2 170.4
Source: Met Office

"Shap 1981 - 2010 Climatic Averages". Retrieved 20 December 2012. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whaley, Diana (2006). A dictionary of Lake District place-names. Nottingham: English Place-Name Society. pp. lx,423 p.305. ISBN 0904889726. 
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Eden Retrieved 2009-11-21
  3. ^ "Shap granite". 

External links[edit]

Location grid[edit]