Sharif Mobley

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Sharif Mobley
Born (1984-01-19) January 19, 1984 (age 30)
Buena, New Jersey
Nationality American
Criminal charge
Suspected member of al-Qaeda;
murdering a guard and wounding another
Children 1 known child
Parents Charles and Cynthia Mobley

Sharif Mobley (Arabic: شريف موبلي‎; born January 19, 1984)[1] was initially kidnaped in Yemen January 26, 2010[2] by Yemeni counter-terrorism officers and charged with terrorism. There was a shooting during his kidnapping in which he was injured and taken to the hospital.[2] During his initial stay at the hospital, two members of the US Government interviewed him.[3] The US Embassy told his family they did not know his whereabouts.[4] During the interviews with US Government officials, he requested information to be passed on to his family.[4] His family never received any confirmation or updates on his situation.[4] After his recovery from a gun shot to the leg he was released into the custody of the Yemeni prison authorities. All charges of terrorism were dropped but he was not released from prison.[3] Later he was charged with murdering a prison guard during an alleged escape attempt while at a follow up visit to the hospital for complications from his initial arrest March 7, 2010.[3] Mobley had moved to Yemen in 2008 and was in process getting visa updates from the US Embassy in preparation for returning to the US with his family when he was kidnapped/arrested.[2] His family was able to return to the US shortly after his arrest.[2]

During his incarceration in Yemen, his whereabouts have been in question. While he was in the custody of the normal Yemeni prison authorities, he was not brought to a number of trial dates and his lawyers do not have access to him. He was not present for four trial dates and the Yemeni prison authorities indicated he is no longer in their custody. The Yemeni Attorney General told the trial judge that he did not know where Sharif Mobley was physically located.[citation needed] US Embassy official William Lesh, said that the US Embassy had been in touch with him at an undisclosed location but would not reveal his whereabouts or which law enforcement group had him in their custody nor would the US Embassy assist his lawyers in contacting him.[citation needed]

Mobley is an American citizen who was raised as a Muslim. He stated he had traveled to Yemen for the purpose of studying Arabic and Islam, although U.S. officials initially claimed his purpose was to join a militant group.[citation needed] After his arrest, two US Government agents [2] interviewed him several times and agreed that he was not a terrorist and he had no knowledge or information about activities of interest to the US Government.[5] After charges of terrorism where dropped he was not released from prison. During a follow up hospital visit for complications from the initial gunshot wound received during his kidnapping/arrest, he allegedly made an escape attempt, during which he allegedly shot two guards, one fatally and charged with murder.[citation needed]. His location and status are unknown, Sept 2014.

Biography[edit]

Mobley's parents were both born in the United States.[6] Following his arrest he was reported to have been of Somali descent, however law enforcement officials and family friends indicated that this information was incorrect.[6] Mobley was raised in Atlantic County, New Jersey. He was member of his high school wrestling team and practiced karate, earning a black belt, and graduated from high school in 2002. He moved to Philadelphia[7] and then to Newark, Delaware.[8] He is married, and has a young daughter.[7] In 2005, he earned $75 as an election day worker for the campaign of Governor Jon Corzine.[9]

Mobley received an Islamic upbringing,[10] and as a child, studied Islamic philosophy and Arabic language classes at Masjid Quba in Philadelphia, according to the imam, Anas Muhaimin.[11] Mobley was described by former high school classmates as having had "strong religious views" at the time, and having become more radical following graduation.[citation needed] A former colleague who went on to do a military tour in Iraq, Roman Castro, said the last time he saw Mobley, in 2006, Mobley yelled at him: "Get the hell away from me, you Muslim killer!"[7]

In Newark, Delaware, an imam, Abdel-Hadi Shehata, said Mobley had lived in the same apartment complex in the area and occasionally attended the Islamic Society of Delaware (ISD).[8] Shehata said Mobley never discussed his political or religious perspectives with him, and would sometimes ask advice about Islamic religious rituals.[7] Before 2008, he organized religious pilgrimages to the Middle East. Umar Hassan-El, assistant imam at, ISD's mosque in Wilmington, Delaware who shared a room with Mobley during the Hajj in 2004, said, "He gave no indication that he would join a group that he's alleged to be a part of right now. I never heard that boy ever talk about shooting anybody, killing anybody."[7] The FBI and another law-enforcement stated that they did not know of any criminal charges against Mobley in the U.S.[12]

Yemen[edit]

In 2007, Mobley returned to Masjid Quba, attending on occasion and consulting the imam there about his plans to study in Yemen.[11] The imam says he tried to discourage him from going to Yemen, suggesting that he instead go to Egypt or Morocco, but Mobley refused his advice[11] and has not returned to the mosque for three years.[13]

According to one report, Mobley had been in Yemen "for at least a year" prior to the shooting.[14] At first he studied Arabic at a language institute in Sana'a and then Al-Eman University, which is run by Sheikh Abdul Majeed al-Zindani.[14] A later report stated that he had traveled to Yemen two years prior.[13] Two years before the shooting, he moved to Yemen supposedly to study Arabic and Islam,[8] but a law enforcement official said he had traveled overseas for the purpose of joining a terrorist organization.[11] The last time his mother Cynthia spoke to him was in January.[15] A U.S. law enforcement official said the government had been aware of Mobley's possible extremist ties "long before" he was arrested.[11][16]

Mobley was in contact with Anwar al-Awlaki, the al-Qaeda former imam now based in Yemen who was also in contact with three of the September 11 attacks hijackers, the Christmas Day Bomber, and Nidal Malik Hasan, the Fort Hood shooter, according to officials from the U.S. and Yemen.[11] He hoped al-Awlaki would become his al Qaeda mentor, according to senior U.S. security officials.[17]

Initial detention[edit]

Mobley was detained in early March 2010 in Sana'a, the capital of Yemen, one of 11 suspected al-Qaeda[7][8] and al-Shabab[11] affiliated militants; one suspected militant was killed during the raid resulting in the arrests.[18] On Tuesday, March 3 (three days prior to the shooting[18]), Yemeni security forces arrested 11 members of al-Qaeda cell during a raid on a location frequented by that cell in the Sawad Hansh area of Sana'a.[19] A Yemeni source reported that following a thorough investigation and surveillance, Yemeni security forces raided a residence belonging to the father of one of the wanted militants. During the raid, the suspect's father opened fire on the security forces hitting one of the officers. The suspect's father was killed in the ensuing firefight.[19]

Mobley was initially incorrectly identified in the Yemeni press as being a German citizen of African origin.[20] On the day of the shooting, Mobley was incorrectly identified by News Yemen, a Yemeni English language newspaper, as "Shareef Mubaili, ... a German of Somali origin."[18] CNN Arabic reported that the "German Mubaili" was severely injured during a shootout at the Republican Hospital after stealing a guard's gun.[20] According to a "senior official", he was detained at a high security intelligence prison several months ago while the Yemeni Embassy in Washington, D.C., said he had been detained earlier this month.[15] Mobley is also suspected of being a member of the same al-Qaeda branch as Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, who failed in his attempt to bomb a passenger plane on Christmas Day, 2009.[21]

Shooting[edit]

Following his arrest, he claimed he was sick and was transferred to the Republican Hospital,[9][22] also in Sana'a. He was treated for complications involving a metal rod which had previously been implanted in his leg. He spent a week at the hospital, where he befriended the guards assigned to him, praying with them, reading Qur'an together, and asking them to teach him Arabic.[15]

The shooting occurred in the Republican Hospital in Sana'a.

On March 7, 2010, he persuaded a guard to unshackle him at prayer time, which the guard did.[15] The guard went into the washroom to perform the ablution required for prayers, and reportedly left his gun unattended[15] on a chair. At this time, a second guard who had been present left the room[20] and Mobley picked up the gun, and as the guard exited the washroom Mobley shot him once in the head and then in the chest, killing him almost instantly. Another guard heard the gunshots and entered the room and was shot by Mobley in the kidney and abdomen[15] but had called for reinforcements prior to entering the room and survived.[20]

The entire sixth floor of the hospital was sealed until the arrival of additional security forces accompanied by members of the anti-terrorism unit.[20] He was then chased through the hospital,[15] and engaged in a shootout that ended with his capture after he had barricaded himself in one of the rooms in the hospital by anti-terrorism police[7] whose smoke grenades ignited a small fire.[8][11][22] The siege lasted for three hours before Mobley was captured after being severely wounded[20] and "a number of other individuals" were shot by him.[23] According to Albasha, the embassy spokesman, the guard who had been wounded in the shootout was in serious condition.[15]

According the Arabic version of CNN, Mobley allegedly killed two Yemeni guards during the shootout and critically wounded a third.[20] CNN Arabic wrote that this "was contributed by a Yemeni official in statement to CNN".[20] This, however, contradicts numerous English sources, including The New York Times,[8][9][11] The Wall Street Journal,[22] Newsweek,[10] Associated Press,[21] ABC News,[24] as well as the English version of CNN,[12][16] and News Yemen,[23] which all state that one guard was killed and another critically wounded. The same article in the Arabic CNN, in a detailed description of the shooting, mentioned only one guard being killed.[20]

Investigation[edit]

The U.S. government was previously aware of Mobley's extremist ties, but Yemeni officials stated that he had not been on their list of wanted militants.[15] According to a senior official involved in the case, the attack demonstrates that Mobley "is highly trained in the use of firearms", and according to The New York Times, the attack indicates that he had a "level of training and cunning characteristic of the terror network."[15] The official also criticized the guards for their negligence in handling Mobley.[15] He is likely to be tried in Yemen as opposed to being returned to the U.S., a U.S. official stated.[10] According to Yemeni law, killing a guard could be punishable by execution by firing squad.[7]

The Baltimore office of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is working the case.[8] An unnamed U.S. law-enforcement official described the investigation:

The U.S. government is in the process of reviewing his past activities in the United States, including his employment as a contract laborer at several U.S. nuclear power plants between 2002 and 2008. At this time, we are not aware of any security-related concerns or incidents related to Mr. Mobley's employment at these locations; however we continue to review his past activities.[10]

Mobley's parents were interviewed by the FBI.[16] His mother denied the accusations against her son,[22] describing him as "an excellent person who's never been in trouble" and "a good Muslim".[7] His father, Charles Mobley, said he knew nothing of his son's current situation, adding, "I can tell you this: He's no terrorist.”[8] Sharif Mobley has not issued any public statement since the incident.[10] Asked about Mobley's apparent links to al-Awlaki, a Yemeni embassy spokesman in Washington, D.C., said he was not surprised, because al-Awlaki: "is a fixture in jihad 101."[24] Mobley remained in the custody of the Yemeni government on charges of capital murder until October 2010,[25] and was charged with killing one guard and wounding another by a criminal court on October 27.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Public Records Index Vol 2 (Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.), 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e Finn, Peter (September 4, 2010). "The post-9/11 life of an American charged with murder". Washington Post. 
  3. ^ a b c Ackerman, Spencer (April 10, 2014). "American citizen Sharif Mobley is missing in Yemen". The Guardian. 
  4. ^ a b c Baumann, Nick (June 20, 2012). "Document Shows US Government Knew About American Locked Up in Yemen". MotherJones. 
  5. ^ Baumann, Nick. "Sharif Mobley Hospital Visit Jan 31 2010". https://s3.amazonaws.com/s3.documentcloud.org/documents/370349/sharif-mobley-hospital-visit-jan-31-2010.pdf. MotherJones. 
  6. ^ a b "Corrections". The New York Times. April 1, 2010. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wayne Perry and Geoff Mulvihill (March 11, 2010). "Sharif Mobley: FBI Investigating New Jersey-Born Alleged Al Qaeda Member Who Tried To Shoot Way Out Of Hospital". The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Mackey, Robert (March 11, 2010). "American Held in Yemen After Shootout". The Lede, The New York Times News Blog. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c "Yemen Holds NJ Man After al-Qaida Sweep, Shootout". The New York Times. March 11, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010. [dead link]
  10. ^ a b c d e Hosenball, Mark (March 12, 2010). "Former Three Mile Island Worker with Alleged 'Al Qaeda' Ties Likely to Be Held by Yemeni Authorities". Declassified Blog at Newsweek. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Shane, Scott (March 12, 2010). "Arrest Stokes Concerns About Radicalized Muslims". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  12. ^ a b Mike M. Ahlers, Susan Candiotti, Carol Cratty and Jeanne Meserve (March 12, 2010). "FBI, nuclear agency investigate terrorism suspect". CNN. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Al-Haj, Ahmed (March 14, 2010). "Al-Qaida suspect from US tricked his Yemeni guard". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 17, 2010. [dead link]
  14. ^ a b Mohamed Sudam and Scott DiSavino (March 12, 2010). "U.S. man arrested in Yemen worked in nuclear plants". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 17, 2010. [dead link]
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Al-Qaida Suspect From US Tricked His Yemeni Guard". The New York Times. March 13, 2010. Retrieved March 13, 2010. [dead link]
  16. ^ a b c Mike M. Ahlers, Susan Candiotti, Carol Cratty and Jeanne Meserve (March 12, 2010). "FBI, nuclear agency investigate terrorism suspect". CNN. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  17. ^ Newton, Paula, "Purported al-Awlaki message calls for jihad against U.S.", CNN, March 17, 2010, accessed March 18, 2010
  18. ^ a b c "Al-Qaeda suspect kills Yemeni guard in escape attempt". News Yemen. March 7, 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "مصدر أمني: إلقاء القبض على (11) من القاعدة بصنعاء ومقتل أحدهما بصنعاء (Yemeni source: 11 al-Qaeda Members Arrested in Yemen; One Was Killed" (in Arabic). News Yemen. March 3, 2010. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i "FBI: Sharif Mobley, the al-Qaeda member detained in Yemen, worked in nuclear power plants." (in Arabic). CNN Arabic. March 12, 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  21. ^ a b Aaron Morrison and Wayne Perry (March 12, 2010). "Friend: Suspected US al-Qaida member grew radical". Associated Press. Retrieved March 12, 2010. [dead link]
  22. ^ a b c d "FBI Probes New Jersey Man Over Yemen Attack". The Wall Street Journal. March 11, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010. [dead link][dead link]
  23. ^ a b "أمريكي معتقل في اليمن عمل في مفاعلات نووية (Arrested American in Yemen Worked in Nuclear Power Plants)" (in Arabic). News Yemen. March 12, 2001. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  24. ^ a b Ryan, Jason, and Pierre, Thomas (March 12, 2010). "N.J. Terror Suspect Sharif Mobley Tied to Radical Yemeni Cleric Anwar al-Awlaki; Sources Tie Nuke Plant Worker to Yemeni Cleric Called 'a Fixture of Jihad 101". ABC News. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  25. ^ Shane, Scott (October 4, 2010). "Worker Spoke of Jihad, Agency Says". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Yemen: Murder Charge for U.S. Man". The New York Times. October 27, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010. 

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