Sharif University of Technology

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Sharif University of Technology (SUT)
دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
Dāneshgāh-e San'ati-ye Sharif
Sharif logo.svg
Sharif University of Technology (SUT)
coat of arms
Established 1966[1]
Type Public
Endowment US$ 61.58 million
(February 22, 2011)[2]
Chancellor Reza Roosta Azad[3]
Vice-Chancellor Seyed-Ghassem Miremadi
Admin. staff 395
Students 10,502[4]
Undergraduates 5,776
Postgraduates 4,726
Location Iran Tehran, Iran
35°42′6.47″N 51°21′5.18″E / 35.7017972°N 51.3514389°E / 35.7017972; 51.3514389Coordinates: 35°42′6.47″N 51°21′5.18″E / 35.7017972°N 51.3514389°E / 35.7017972; 51.3514389
Newspaper Sharif Daily
Scientia Iranica
Colours      Light Blue
Athletics 19 sports
IUSF
Affiliations FUIW
IAU
ICTP
TWAS
Website sharif.edu www.sharif.ac.ir www.sharif.ir

Sharif University of Technology (SUT, Persian: دانشگاه صنعتی شریف‎) is a public research university in Tehran, Iran known traditionally for research and education in technology, engineering and physical sciences. The university is located in the Tarasht neighborhood of Tehran within close proximity of Azadi Square, and also has an international campus in Kish, a resort island in the Persian Gulf.

Established in 1966, it was formerly named the Aryamehr University of Technology and for a short period after the 1979 revolution, the university was called Tehran University of Technology. Following the revolution the university was named after Majid Sharif Vaghefi, a former student who was killed in 1975.[5]

Today, the university provides both undergraduate and graduate programs in 15 main departments. The student body consists of about 6,000[6] undergraduate students and 4,700[6] graduate students from all the 30 provinces of Iran. Funding for Sharif University is provided by the government and through private funding. Undergraduate admission to Sharif is limited to the top 1 percent of students who pass the national entrance examination administered yearly by the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology.[7]

In the 2013 Academic Ranking of World Universities Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences rankings, SUT is ranked 2nd in the Middle East.[8] It is in the top 251-275 universities in the world and 37th in Asia in the 2014 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.[9][10] SUT also ranked 1st in the Middle East, 6th in Asia, and 27th in the world in Times Higher Education's top 100 universities under 50.[11]

History[edit]

The university was founded in 1966 with the name Aryamehr Technical University by Dr. Mohammad Ali Mojtahedi (محمدعلي مجتهدی). At that time, there were 54 faculty members and a total of 412 students who were selected by national examination. Also only four departments were established: Electrical, Metallurgical, Mechanical, and Chemical Engineering.[12] In 1972, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi appointed Sayyed Hosein Nasr as president of the university with the goal of modeling the school based on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but with roots in Iranian culture.[13][14] In 1974 a new campus of the university was established in Isfahan. But later that campus became an independent university, named Isfahan University of Technology (IUT). The emblem of IUT still closely resembles SUT's emblem[citation needed].

Currently the university has grown to an elite school with over 9000 students, 700 of whom are studying for a doctorate, and over 500 faculty members in 15 main departments.[7]

Campuses[edit]

Main Campus[edit]

The main campus of the university is in Tehran, Iran. It is located close to the Azadi Tower, which is the symbol of Tehran and one of the main transportation hubs. The endowment of Sharif University of Technology has been estimated at around $25 million.[15]

Buildings[edit]

Avicenna Tower
  • SUT Languages and Linguistics Center
  • SUT Avicenna Building (ساختمان ابن سینا), the main classroom building named in honor of 9th century Persian scientist Avicenna
  • Student Union (Shahid Rezaee Building)
  • Jaber ebne hayyan Building, named in honor of 8th century Persian scientist Jābir ibn Hayyān
  • Aboreihan Birooni, named in honor of 11th century Persian scientist Abu Rayhan Biruni (hosting departments of Mathematical Sciences and Industrial Engineering)
  • Khodro
  • Central library
  • SUT Mosque
  • The gym (I and II)
  • Publication Office
  • The Restaurant

International Campus[edit]

International Campus'
coat of arms

Sharif University also has an International Campus on Kish Island in Persian Gulf. International Campus of Sharif University of Technology was started in 2005. Today there are two faculties active in this campus: Faculty of Engineering and Science, and Faculty of Management. The campus is currently admitting students for bachelor’s, master’s, and PhD degrees in engineering courses and for a master’s degree in management.

Buildings[edit]

  • Central Building
  • Faculty of Engineering and Science Building
  • Laboratories and Workshops Building
  • Language Centre Building

Academic profile[edit]

A General view of the main campus

Profile[edit]

Sharif University was established in 1966 as an Engineering university with departments of Electrical, Metallurgical, Mechanical, and Chemical Engineering.[12] Currently, Sharif University has 14 science and engineering departments:

In engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering,and Aerospace engineering.

In science, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematical Science.

Other non-engineering departments include the School of Management and Economics, Languages and Linguistics Department, and the Department of Philosophy of Science which offer exclusively graduate degrees.

International recognition[edit]

The chair of Electrical Engineering Department of Stanford University has announced that: "Without a doubt the finest university in the world preparing undergraduate Electrical engineers is Sharif University of Technology in Tehran".[16] Professor Burton Richter's opinion about Sharif's students during his speech in Sharif university was: "The students here are very impressive, I expect to hear a lot more from you all in the future."[17][18][19] Sharif university school of engineering is acknowledged as one of world best schools of engineering.[20]

Affiliated research centers[edit]

The university has supported establishment of Research Centers. These are usually started with a spin off funding provided by or through university, but will start to accept research and development projects from industry in their first months of establishment. Most of the employees of these centers are Sharif University students, while in some cases recent alumni or students of other universities have been recruited as well.

Following is a list of research centers affiliated with Sharif University.[21]

  • Advanced Communications Research Institute
  • Advanced Information and Communication Technology Research Center (AICTC)
  • Alborz Observatory for high energy cosmic and gamma rays
  • Biochemical and Bio-environmental Research Center
  • Condition Monitoring Center (CMC)
  • Entrepreneurship Center
  • Economical and Industrial Studies research Center
  • Electronics Research Center
  • Energy Technology Research Center
  • Green University: environmental research center
  • Industrial Systems Research Center
  • Institute for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
  • Institute for Transportation Studies and Research
  • Sharif Applied Physics Research Center
  • Water, Energy and Ocean Engineering Research Center

Research and endowment[edit]

Sharif University is a public university and its funding is provided by the government of Iran. For the top ranks of the national university entrance exam, education is free in all public universities. Those ranking lower are required to pay part or all of the tuition.[citation needed]

Industrial companies have supported Sharif University, and provided research funding for the desired programs and projects. For instance, the Petroleum Engineering department was supported by Iran Oil industries[citation needed].

Sharif University was appointed as a Center of Excellence (fa:قطب علمی) by Iran's Ministry of Science and Technology in the fields of Advanced Materials, Aerospace Systems, Biological Process Engineering, Communication, Design, Robotics and Automation, Energy Conversion, Earthquake Engineering, Mathematics, Physics, Power System Management and Control, and Telecommunications.[citation needed] This appointment is based on national standing based on research achievements and invested funding in the mentioned topics.

Student life[edit]

Political activities[edit]

Prior to the Islamic Revolution many political organizations including but not limited to Fadaian Khalg and People's Mujahedin of Iran active members and supporters were among students of the Sharif University. In the 14 years since its inception many active members and supporters were arrested and killed by SAVAK among those Abdolmajid Pirzadeh Jahromi, Majid Ahmadzadeh (Fedaian Khlaq) can be named.

Through the student political movement after the 2nd of Khordad Movement, Sharif students were also actively involved. The major groups with political intentions at Sharif, during 1997–2003, were student Basij and the Association of Muslim students, briefly called Anjoman (Association). Most other smaller groups were allies of either Basij or Anjoman. Basij was a serious opposer of Mohammad Khatami, the president of the time. Whereas, Anjoman was a loyal follower. There has been several clashes between member students of the two groups. Free speech tribunes, occasionally end in harsh quarrel-like debates. However, the major clash between Anjoman and Basij occurred while the student movement was in silence in most other universities. In 2006, a serious controversy resulting in physical tensions, occurred after Basij attempted to bury bodies of unknown Martyrs of the Iran–Iraq War at the universities' Mosque court.[22]

Sharif University of Technology Association (SUTA)[edit]

Many of Sharif alumni and affiliates are spread all around the world since lots of them continue their graduate studies in Europe or North America and also some of them immigrated to these countries, therefore it is not easy to establish local organization to be contacted by the alumni. Sharif University of Technology Association (SUTA) is a global organization that was formed in 2000 to facilitate communication and collaboration among the graduates, faculty and staff of the Sharif University.

This non-profit organization is registered in the state of California, USA and has many chapters and affiliates around the world. Its mission is to enhance professional, academic, and social contacts among its membership, and to strengthen the ties between the association members living outside of Iran and the University.[23]

Since 2000 SUTA has had a reunion/conference every other year, in the following cities: San Diego (California), Toronto (Canada), Hidelberg (Germany), Santa Clara (California), Vancouver (Canada), Gothenburg (Sweden) and Ottawa (Canada) and the 2014 reunion/conference is set to be held in Milan (Italy).

Faculty and alumni[edit]

Chancellors[edit]

Chancellor Tenure Alma mater Speciality
Prof. Mohammad Ali Mojtahedi 1965–1967 France Université Lille Nord de France Mechanical Engineering
Prof. Fazlollah Reza 1967 United States Columbia University Network and Information Theory
Dr. Mohammad Reza Amin 1968–1972 United States UC Berkeley Physics
Prof. Hossein Nasr 1972–1975 United States MIT Physics
Dr. Mehdi Zarghamee 1975–1977 United States UIUC Structural Engineering
Dr. Alireza Mehran 1977–1978 Switzerland University of Geneva Biophysics
Dr. Hossein Ali Anvari 1978–1979 France INSA Toulouse Electrical Engineering
Prof. Ali Mohammad Ranjbar 1979–1980 United Kingdom Imperial College London Electrical Engineering
Prof. Abbas Anvari 1980–1982 Sweden Chalmers University of Technology Physics
Dr. Ali Akbar Salehi 1982–1985 United States MIT Nuclear Engineering
Prof. Abbas Anvari 1985–1989 Sweden Chalmers University of Technology Physics
Dr. Ali Akbar Salehi 1989–1993 United States MIT Nuclear Engineering
Dr. Mohammad Etemadi 1993–1995 United States University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Electronics
Prof. Sayed Khatiboleslam Sadrnezhaad 1995–1997 United States MIT Metallurgical Engineering
Prof. Saeed Sohrabpour 1997–2010 United States UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering
Dr. Reza Roosta Azad 2010–current Canada University of Waterloo Chemical Engineering

Notable alumni[edit]

The university is known for its large number of alumni who join the academic world. For example, Behzad Razavi, Professor of electronics at UCLA, Mohammad Shahidehpour, Director of electrical engineering department and Associate VP for Research at Illinois Institute of Technology, Maryam Mirzakhani, Professor of Mathematics in Stanford University.

A number of SUT alumni have been active in industry. Akbar Torkan, director of Petro-Pars Co. and previous Transportations Minister, Mehdi Setareh, professor of Architecture at Virginia Tech, Manoochehr Manteghi, managing director of Iran Khodro, Ahmad Ghalebaani, former managing director of SAIPA, and Mehdi Mir Moezzi, managing director of Iran national petroleum company can be named as some of the more famous alumni.

Many of the SUT alumni have entered in politics, including Mohammad Ali Najafi former minister of higher education and member of Tehran City Council, Es'hagh Jahangiri, former Minister of Industries and Mines, Abbas Mohtaj, former commander of Iranian Navy, Mohammad Atrianfar, former head of Tehran City Council, Morteza Alviri, former Mayor of Tehran, Ali Larijani, speaker of Majlis and former presidential candidate and former head of IRIB and Mohsen Sazegara, former government official, political activist.

Also, some of the opposition groups outside Iran have members who are SUT alumni. These members include Foad Mostafa Soltani, former leader of Komala political party of Iranian Kurdistan and Maryam Rajavi, president of People's Mujahedin of Iran Organization.

Multiple alumni of SUT also continued their career as professional athletes. Having been affiliated with SUT's athletic teams, Ali Daei, former member and later head coach of Iranian national football team and Iraj Mozzafari, former captain of Iranian national Volleyball team can be named. Adel Ferdosipour, prominent football commentator and Elshan Moradi Chess Grandmaster are also SUT alumni.

Other publicly known figures with a Sharif related background include Peyman Yazdanian, music composer and Mohammad-Javad Larijani, director of Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics.

Imprisoned human rights blogger Kouhyar Goudarzi was an aerospace student at Sharif until pressure from state security forces allegedly caused his dismissal.[24] Omid Kokabee, an Applied Physics and Mechanics alumni,[25] was arrested while visiting Iran during his Postdoctoral research in University of Texas at Austin.[26] He was sentenced to 10 years in prison for “communicating with a hostile government” and “illegitimate/illegal earnings.”[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sharif.ir/web/en/10
  2. ^ "Financial information". Tabnak News. 
  3. ^ http://www.sharif.ir/4all/archive/fa-showarch.jsp?arch=news&date=1389/05/26&time=1900
  4. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university/1389/sharif-university-of-technology
  5. ^ "16 اردیبهشت سالگرد شهادت شریف واقفی" (in Persian). Sharif News. Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  6. ^ a b http://eduvp.sharif.ir/speech86.pdf
  7. ^ a b "Introduction, Sharif University". Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  8. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2013". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  9. ^ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2012-13/world-ranking/institution/sharif-university-of-technology
  10. ^ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2013-14/world-ranking/region/asia
  11. ^ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2014/one-hundred-under-fifty
  12. ^ a b Mirzayi, Mohammad (2005). Sharif University of Technology Booklet (in Persian). Sharif University Press. 
  13. ^ "Biography / Dr. Seyyed Hossein Nasr". Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  14. ^ Leslie, Stuart W.; Robert Kargon (2006). "Exporting MIT: Science, Technology, and Nation-Building in India and Iran". Osiris 21 (1): 123. doi:10.1086/507138. 
  15. ^ "Sharif University International Campus Website". Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  16. ^ http://youtube.com/watch?v=s957W6jomBc
  17. ^ Thomas Erdbrink (6 June 2008). "Iran Makes the Sciences A Part of Its Revolution". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "The Star Students Of The Islamic Republic, Forget Harvard—one of the world's best undergraduate colleges is in Iran.". Newsweek. 9 August 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2008. 
  19. ^ Sharif University of Technology Best in World in Field of Electrical Engineering: Stanford Chancellor
  20. ^ "world university ranking of engineering schools 2009". World science& engineering university portal. Retrieved 18 June 2008. 
  21. ^ "Research Centers". Sharif University Website. 
  22. ^ "Iran: Students Protest Burials Of War Dead On Tehran Campuses". Radio Free Europe, Radio Liberty (RFEL). Retrieved 28 May 2008. 
  23. ^ "SUTA Vision and Mission". Retrieved 22 Feb 2011. 
  24. ^ "Kouhyar Goudarzi: "I Won’t Be Released Any Time Soon," Trial Date Unknown". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  25. ^ "Omid Kokabee (personal homepage)". Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  26. ^ Shuster, Mike (7 October 2011). "Iran Charges Student Who Was In the U.S.". NPR. 
  27. ^ Maly, David (January 8, 2013). "UT student Omid Kokabee gains more international support amid prison sentence". The Daily Texan. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 

External links[edit]