- This article is about the moshav. For other uses, see Sharona (disambiguation). For the Templer settlement, see Sarona, Palestine.
|Council||Lower Galilee Regional Council|
|Founded by||Tower and stockade|
|Website||Official website (Hebrew)|
In the early 13th century, the geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi described Sârûniyyah as "a pass near Tabariyya, you go up it to reach At Tûr" In 1596, there was a village of 17 Muslim families there. In 1875, Victor Guérin wrote of Sarona:
- "This village is divided into two quarters; the houses are rudely built on two hillocks rising round a valley. This is watered from a spring enclosed in a sort of small square chamber, the floor of which is formed of large slabs, and which has a vaulted vestibule built of regular stones."
About 10 years later, the Survey of Western Palestine noted "basaltic stone houses, containing about 250 Moslems, situated in arable plain, without trees."
In 1878 Sarona was settled by Circassian refugees from the Caucasus, but by 1910 they had moved elsewhere and had been replaced by Arabs. The land was purchased from the Arabs by the Jewish Colonization Association in 1910.
In 1913, a Jewish settlement called Rama, but also called Sarona, was established close to the Arab village by ahuza (estate) members from Chicago. The impact of World War I, poor conditions, and the lack of sufficient manpower kept the new settlement improverished and debt-ridden. In 1922, the new and old settlements together contained 77 Arabs but only 15 Jews. In the summer at the end of 1923, additional Jewish settlers, Brisk kevutzah from Kfar Yehezkel, arrived with help from the Jewish National Fund, but by the end of 1928 the settlement had been abandoned and the land returned to the Palestine Jewish Colonization Association, the heir to the Jewish Colonization Association. Half the land was leased to Arab tenants. In 1938 a moshav was established by members of the Gordania organization, with the cost borne by the Palestine Jewish Colonization Association and the Agricultural Workers Federation. In 1945, the population was recorded as 110 Jews and no Arabs.
- . Moshav Sharona http://www.sarona.co.il/66760/English.
|last1=in Authors list (help); Missing or empty
- Le Strange, 1890, p. p. 532
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 187
- Guérin, 1880, p. 267 as translated in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 361
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 361
- Arieh Avneri, The Claim of Dispossession, pp. 18, 106
- Joseph B. Glass, From New Zion to Old Zion: American Jewish Immigration and Settlement in Palestine, 1917-1939 (America-Holy Land Monographs,2002) pp. 164–166
- Barron, 1923, p. 39
- Palestine Post, 20 November 1938, p. 2
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 73
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 1. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Guérin, Victor (1880). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 3: Galilee, pt. 1. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- le Strange, Guy (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.