Sharpham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the village in Somerset. For Sharpham Wine, Totnes, Devon, see Sharpham Vineyard.
Sharpham
Stone buildings seen behind trees and grass area with wooden fence in the foreground.
Abbots Sharpham
Sharpham is located in Somerset
Sharpham
Sharpham
 Sharpham shown within Somerset
Population 130 [1]
OS grid reference ST465376
District Mendip
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STREET
Postcode district BA16
Dialling code 01458
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Wells
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°08′08″N 2°45′55″W / 51.1356°N 2.7653°W / 51.1356; -2.7653

Sharpham is a village and civil parish on the Somerset Levels near Street and Glastonbury in the Mendip district of Somerset, England. It is located near the River Brue.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Street North ward, electing two councillors to Mendip District Council, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wells Rural District,[2] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

It is also part of the Mendip West ward, which elects one county councillor to Somerset County Council which is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Wells county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Sharpham Park estate[edit]

Sharpham Park is a 300-acre (1.2 km2) historic park dates back to the Bronze Age. The first known reference is a grant by King Edwy to the then Aethelwold in 957. In 1191 Sharpham Park was conferred by the soon-to-be King John I to the Abbots of Glastonbury, who remained in possession of the park and house until the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539. From 1539 to 1707 the park was owned by the Duke of Somerset, Sir Edward Seymour, brother of Queen Jane; the Thynne family of Longleat, and the family of Sir Henry Gould. Edward Dyer was born here in 1543. The house is now a private residence and Grade II* listed building.[3] It was the birthplace of Sir Edward Dyer (died 1607) an Elizabethan poet and courtier, the writer Henry Fielding (1707–54), and the cleric William Gould. Also home to the Laver family, one of the largest cattle dealers in the west country in the nineteenth century.

The Sharpham Park estate is now owned by Roger Saul, founder of the Mulberry fashion company, and produces organic foods specialising in spelt (an ancient cereal grain).[4] A restoration project is underway, partly funded by the "Countryside Stewardship" scheme from DEFRA. It involves restoring, preserving and maintaining archaeological and historic features including a Bronze Age trackway and a duck decoy pond that is a Scheduled Ancient Monument. This will allow the reintroduction of red deer (Cervus elaphus) along with other rare breeds of sheep and cattle.[5]

Sharpham Moor Plot[edit]

Nearby is the Sharpham Moor Plot Site of Special Scientific Interest, where detailed plant records exist from as far back as 1915, and continue up to the present day.[6]

Peat extraction[edit]

Peat extraction is still active around the village.[7] This has been a significant industry for many years in the surrounding villages of Meare, Shapwick, Ashcott, and Walton on Westhay Moor, and is remembered at the Peat Moors Centre at Westhay.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sharpham Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Wells RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Abbots Sharpham and Sharpham Park Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 25 November 2006. 
  4. ^ "Living". Guardian Unlimited (London). 7 November 2004. Retrieved 26 November 2006. 
  5. ^ "Countryside Stewardship and Environmentally Sensitive Areas Schemes Report on performance 2003/2004 and 2004/2005". DEFRA. Retrieved 26 November 2006. 
  6. ^ "Sharpham Moor Plot". English Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2006. 
  7. ^ "Peat Extraction – Sharpham Bridge". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 26 November 2006. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Sharpham at Wikimedia Commons