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Sharqliyya (Arabic: شرقلية, also spelled Sharqlieh) is a village in central Syria, administratively part of the Homs Governorate, located northwest of Homs. Nearby localities include al-Qabu and al-Shinyah to the west, al-Taybah al-Gharbiyah to the northwest, Taldou to the northeast and Ghur Gharbiyah to the east.
According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Sharqliyya had a population of 1,362 in the 2004 census. Its current inhabitants are predominantly Alawites and agriculture is the chief source of income for the village. However, during the late Ottoman era, in 1829, Sharqliyya was a Turkoman village in the Sanjak of Hama, consisting of 12 feddans. In 1838 Sharqliyya's inhabitants were reported to be Sunni Muslims by British scholar Eli Smith.
- Batatu, Hanna (1999). Syria's Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691002541.
- Douwes, Dick (2000). The Ottomans in Syria: a history of justice and oppression. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 1860640311.
- Smith, Eli; Robinson, Edward (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the Year 1838 3. Crocker and Brewster.
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