Shasta County, California

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County of Shasta
County
Shasta Dam Colored.jpg
Lassen-Peak-Large.jpg
Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay.jpg
Images, from top down: Shasta Dam at the southern end of Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, Sundial Bridge
Official seal of County of Shasta
Seal
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country  United States
State  California
Region Sacramento Valley/Cascade Range
Incorporated 1850
Named for Mount Shasta[1]
County seat Redding
Area
 • Total 9,964.8 km2 (3,847.44 sq mi)
 • Land 9,803.6 km2 (3,785.19 sq mi)
 • Water 161.2 km2 (62.24 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 177,223
 • Density 18/km2 (46/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website www.co.shasta.ca.us

Shasta County is a county located in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California, USA. The county occupies the northern reaches of the Sacramento Valley, with portions extending into the southern reaches of the Cascade Range. As of the 2010 census, the population was 177,223, up from 163,256 at the 2000 census. The county seat is Redding.

Among the tourist attractions in Shasta County are Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, and the Sundial Bridge.

History[edit]

Shasta County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county's territory were given to Siskiyou County in 1852, and to Tehama County in 1856.

The county was named after Mount Shasta; the name "Shasta" is derived from the English equivalent for the name of an Indian tribe that once lived in the area. The name of the tribe was spelled in various ways until the present version was used when the county was established. Originally Mt. Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County, to the north. Its 14,179-foot (4,322 m) peak is visible throughout most of Shasta County.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 3,847.44 square miles (9,964.8 km2), of which 3,785.19 square miles (9,803.6 km2) (or 98.38%) is land and 62.24 square miles (161.2 km2) (or 1.62%) is water.[2] Mountains line the county on the east, north and west. The Sacramento River flows out of the mountains to the north, through the center of the county, and toward the Sacramento Valley to the south.

Cities and towns[edit]

Cities

Unincorporated Communities[edit]

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Politics[edit]

Voter registration statistics[edit]

Cities by population and voter registration[edit]

Overview[edit]

Shasta County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2012 63.2% 48,067 34.0% 25,819 2.8% 2,152
2008 61.7% 49,588 36.0% 28,867 2.2% 1,734
2004 67.2% 52,249 31.3% 24,339 1.5% 1,143
2000 65.0% 43,278 30.3% 20,127 4.7% 3,139
1996 55.2% 34,736 33.1% 20,848 11.7% 7,377
1992 41.2% 28,190 31.6% 21,605 27.2% 18,564
1988 59.4% 32,402 38.8% 21,171 1.9% 1,012
1984 62.2% 33,041 36.3% 19,298 1.5% 788
1980 58.1% 27,547 32.4% 15,364 9.5% 4,507
1976 45.6% 17,273 50.7% 19,200 3.7% 1,381
1972 46.7% 16,618 48.4% 17,214 5.0% 1,771
1968 40.4% 11,821 49.6% 14,510 9.9% 2,899
1964 32.4% 9,178 67.5% 19,142 0.1% 30
1960 38.9% 9,462 60.5% 14,691 0.6% 148
1956 43.8% 8,833 55.8% 11,239 0.4% 77
1952 56.4% 10,073 42.9% 7,656 0.7% 122
1948 39.7% 5,010 56.9% 7,177 3.5% 436
1944 40.9% 4,023 58.9% 5,798 0.2% 22
1940 30.7% 3,909 68.0% 8,662 1.3% 162
1936 28.8% 2,159 69.7% 5,236 1.5% 115
1932 23.9% 1,382 72.1% 4,170 4.0% 230
1928 52.2% 2,301 45.9% 2,025 1.9% 82
1924 42.0% 1,951 12.9% 598 45.2% 2,102
1920 62.1% 2,108 30.3% 1,028 7.7% 260

Shasta at one time favored the Democratic party in Presidential elections and was one of the few counties in the state to be won by George McGovern. In more recent times it is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Federally, Shasta County is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[5]

In the state legislature, Shasta County is in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Jim Nielsen,[6] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[7]

Transport[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Redding Area Bus Authority (RABA) provides service in and around Redding. One route operates to Burney via State Route 299.

Greyhound buses and Amtrak trains both serve Redding.

Airports[edit]

Redding Municipal Airport has scheduled passenger flights. Other (general aviation) airports within the county include Benton Field (near Redding), Fall River Mills Airport, and Shingletown Airport.

Crime[edit]

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2011[edit]

Places by population, race, and income[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Shasta County had a population of 177,223. The racial makeup of Shasta County was 153,726 (86.7%) White, 1,548 (0.9%) African American, 4,950 (2.8%) Native American, 4,391 (2.5%) Asian, 271 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 4,501 (2.5%) from other races, and 7,836 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14,878 persons (8.4%).[17]

2000[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 378
1860 4,360 1,053.4%
1870 4,173 −4.3%
1880 9,492 127.5%
1890 12,133 27.8%
1900 17,318 42.7%
1910 18,920 9.3%
1920 13,361 −29.4%
1930 13,927 4.2%
1940 28,800 106.8%
1950 36,413 26.4%
1960 59,468 63.3%
1970 77,640 30.6%
1980 115,715 49.0%
1990 147,036 27.1%
2000 163,256 11.0%
2010 177,223 8.6%
Est. 2012 178,586 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
2012 Estimate[19]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 163,256 people, 63,426 households, and 44,017 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 68,810 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.3% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 2.8% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. 5.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.7% were of German, 12.3% English, 11.2% Irish, 9.9% American and 5.2% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 3.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 63,426 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,335, and the median income for a family was $40,491. Males had a median income of $35,959 versus $24,773 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,738. About 11.3% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Flora and fauna[edit]

According to Willis Linn Jepson the biota of Shasta County were not explored in a scientific manner until just before the year 1900. Up until the 1920s the Southern Pacific Railroad Company owned vast tracts of natural grasslands; however, during the 1920s the railroad sold off much of its grassland holdings, leading to the rapid clearing of brush and large scale conversion from habitat to agricultural uses.[21] Shasta County has extensive forests, which cover over one half the land area with commercially productive forest systems.[22] Common forest alliances include mixed oak woodland and mixed conifer-oak woodland as well as douglas fir forest. Common trees found include White-bark pine,[23] California Black Oak and California Buckeye.[24]

Annual events[edit]

  • Kool April Nites (April) — A Classic Car Show
  • Rodeo Week Festivities (May)
  • Art Fair and Fiddler’s Jamboree (May)
  • Whiskeytown Regatta (May)
  • Watershed Festival (May)
  • Strawberry Festival (May)
  • Shasta Dragonwood Celtic Faire (May)
  • Redding Exchange Club Air Show (June)
  • Shasta District Fair (June)
  • Fall River Valley Century Bike Ride (July)
  • Fourth of July Fireworks Celebration (July)
  • Burney Basin Days (July)
  • Fall River Valley Wild Rice Festival (Aug)
  • Intermountain Fair, Fall River Valley (September) The Shasta County Fair
  • Stillwater Pow Wow (September)
  • Big Bike Weekend (October)
  • Fall River Valley Lights of Christmas Parade (December)

Education and housing[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Shasta County has four colleges and universities:

Shasta College, Redding – 2 year, fully accredited
Simpson University, Redding – 4 year, fully accredited
National University, Redding – 4 year, fully accredited
Shasta Bible College - 4 year

High schools and below[edit]

  • 43 Elementary Schools
  • 10 Junior High Schools
  • 8 High Schools
  • 35 Private Schools

Housing[edit]

  • Median price for a house is about $183,000 as of early 2014.[25]
  • Median rental rate is $700/month.[citation needed]

Points of interest[edit]

Bailey Cove Campground near Lake Shasta within the Shasta-Trinity National Forest.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  2. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  3. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  4. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native

References[edit]

  1. ^ Originally, Mount Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County.
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  5. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  9. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  10. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  12. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  13. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  14. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  15. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  16. ^ a b Data unavailable
  17. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. 
  18. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  20. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  21. ^ Mary C. Brinton, Victor Nee and Robert K. Merton (2001) The New Institutionalism in Sociology, Stanford University Press ISBN 0-8047-4276-6, 352 pages
  22. ^ Forest Survey Release (1952) By California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, California, no.13-3
  23. ^ George Bishop Sudworth (1908) Forest Trees of the Pacific Slope, United States Forest Service, published by the United States G.P.O., Washington DC
  24. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Aesculus californica, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg [1]
  25. ^ "Zillow". Retrieved 23 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°46′N 122°02′W / 40.76°N 122.04°W / 40.76; -122.04