Shatabdi Express

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Shatabdi Express
Bhopalshatabdi.jpg
Bhopal Shatabdi Express (fastest train in India)
Info
Main Operation(s): India 1988 -
Fleet size: 22
Parent company: Indian Railways
Route map of Shatabdi trains

Shatabdi Express trains are a series of fast (called superfast in India) passenger trains operated by Indian Railways to connect Metro cities with other cities important for tourism, pilgrimage or business. Shatabdi Express are day-trains and they return to the station of origin the same day.

The Shatabdis are among the fastest trains in India and the Indian Railways considers them as prestigious. The Shatabdi Express trains run over short to medium distances while the Rajdhani Expresses are long-distance trains connecting the nation's capital New Delhi to capitals of states. Both series of trains have a regular speed of about 130 km/h (81 mph). The 12001 Bhopal Shatabdi express, however, runs at a peak speed of 150 km/h (93 mph), which makes it the fastest train in India.

History[edit]

The word "Shatabdi" means centenary in Sanskrit, Hindi and several Indian languages. The first Shatabdi train was started in 1988 to commemorate the centenary of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru's Birthday (the First Prime Minister of India) by Madhav Rao Scindia, minister for railways. It operated from New Delhi to Jhansi, later extended to Bhopal. It is now known as the Bhopal Shatabdi Express.

Vehicle and rolling stock[edit]

The Bhopal Shatabdi is the fastest train in India and it runs at an average speed of around 93.05 km/h (57.82 mph) (Please see : Fastest trains in India) between the origin and the destination though it runs at speeds at 150 km/h (93 mph) on some stretches between Agra and New Delhi stations. These trains are now using latest LHB Coaches to provide extra comfort in the train.

The Lucknow - Delhi Shatabdi has a recorded speed of 145 km/h (90 mph) although it lingers in the neighborhood of 130 km/h (81 mph) for most of the cruising distance.

The Pune - Secunderabad Shatabdi is the fastest diesel hauled Shatabdi. It uses a WDM 3A loco of Pune Diesel Loco Shed.

Service[edit]

Shatabdi Express trains offer fast connectivity with only a few intermediate stops. They are fully air-conditioned and of a much higher standard than most Indian trains. Shatabdi travelers are provided with bottled water, juice, coffee or tea, and meals relevant to time of day of the journey.

Shatabdi trains are also further distinguished from other trains, in terms of convenience in boarding and disembarking. Most stations give them priority berthing at the better platforms, such as ones located close to the station building or waiting halls (generally platform number 1 at most of the stations.

Berths and seats in Shatabdi Express and Rajdhani Express trains have to be reserved in advance before boarding the train. There is no unreserved accommodation in these trains, unlike most of the other trains in India. A few Shatabdis have a current booking system where tickets can be booked within a couple of hours before departure.

As Shatabdi Express are day-trains and return to the station of origin the same day, coaches(called AC Chair Car or CC) on the train have only seats and not berths. All the Shatabdi Express trains have, however, one or two coaches of first class airconditioned seating. These coaches have wider leg room and offer better food compared to the normal Air conditioned seating(CC).

New on board entertainment systems have also been installed on some of these trains where the passengers can view movies and television serials directly via satellite. One of the first services to have this system is the Ahmedabad Shatabdi Express.

List of Shatabdi trains[edit]

Indian Railways operates 23 pairs of Shatabdi Express as on 12 March 2014. These trains are listed here.

List of Trains[1]
Pair Train No. Sector Departure Arrival Stops Distance Frequency
1 12001 Bhopal - New Delhi 14:45 22:45 Jhansi, Gwalior, Morena, Agra, Mathura 703 km Daily
12002 New Delhi–Bhopal 06:00 14:05
2 12003 Lucknow - New Delhi 15:35 22:05 Kanpur, Etawah, Aligarh, Ghaziabad 513 km Daily
12004 New Delhi - Lucknow 06:15 12:35
3 12005 New Delhi - Kalka 17:15 21:20 Kurukshetra, Ambala, Chandigarh 303 km Daily
12006 Kalka- New Delhi 06:15 10:25
4 12007 Chennai - Mysore 06:00 13:00 Bangalore 495 km except Tuesday
12008 Mysore - Chennai 14:15 21:25
5 12009 Mumbai Central - Ahmedabad 06:25 13:10 Borivali, Vapi, Surat, Bharuch, Vadodara, Anand, Nadiad 491 km except Sunday
12010 Ahmedabad - Mumbai Central 14:30 21:35
6 12011 New Delhi - Kalka 07:40 11:45 Panipat, Kurukshetra, Ambala, Chandigarh 303 km Daily
12012 Kalka - New Delhi 17:45 21:55
7 12013 New Delhi - Amritsar 16:30 22:35 Ambala Cantt,Sirhind, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 449 km Daily
12014 Amritsar - New Delhi 05:00 11:15
8 12015 New Delhi - Ajmer 06:05 12:45 Delhi Cantt, Gurgaon, Rewari, Alwar, Jaipur 444 km Daily
12016 Ajmer - New Delhi 15:45 22:40
9 12017 New Delhi - Dehradun 06:50 12:40 Ghaziabad, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Roorkee, Haridwar 315 km Daily
12018 Dehradun - New Delhi 17:00 22:45
10 12019 Howrah - Ranchi 06:05 13:10 Durgapur, Raniganj, Asansol, Dhanbad, Chandrapura, Bokaro Steel City, Muri 421 km except Sunday
12020 Ranchi - Howrah 13:45 21:10
11 12025 Pune - Secunderabad Shatabdi 05:50 14:30 Daund, Solapur, Gulbarga, Wadi, Tandur, Vikarabad, Begumpet 597 km except Tuesday
12026 Secunderabad - Pune 14:45 23:10
12 12027 Chennai - Bangalore 17:30 22:30 Katpadi, Bangalore Cantt. 358 km except Tuesday
12028 Bangalore Chennai Shatabdi Express 06:00 11:00
13 12029 New Delhi - Amritsar 07:20 13:25 Ambala, Rajpura, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 449 km except Thursday
12030 Amritsar - New Delhi 16:55 23:05
14 12031 New Delhi - Amritsar 07:20 13:25 Ambala, Rajpura, Ludhiana, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Beas 449 km Thursday
12032 Amritsar - New Delhi 16:55 23:05
15 12033 Kanpur - New Delhi 06:00 11:15 Etawah, Ghaziabad 440 km except Sundays
12034 New Delhi - Kanpur 15:55 20:50
16 12035 Jaipur - Agra fort 07:05 10:35 Bharatpur Junction 241 km except Thursday
12036 Agra fort - Jaipur 16:20 19:50
17 12037 New Delhi- Ludhiana 07:00 12:25 Rohtak, Tohana, Sangrur 329 km Thursday, Friday
12038 Ludhiana - New Delhi 16:40 22:10
18 12039 Kathgodam - Delhi (Anand Vihar) 15:45 21:15 Haldwani, Lalkuan, Rudrapur, Rampur, Moradabad, Ghaziabad 270 km except Thursday
12040 Delhi (Anand Vihar)- Kathgodam 06:15 11:50
19 12041 Howrah - New Jalpaiguri 14:15 22:20 Bolpur Shantiniketan, Malda Town, Kishanganj 566 km except Sunday
12042 New Jalpaiguri- Howrah 05:35 13:35
20 12043 New Delhi - Moga 14:15 22:20 Rohtak, JIND, Tohana, Sangrur, Jagraon, Ludhiana 398 km Monday, Saturday
12044 Moga - New Delhi 05:35 13:35
21 12045 New Delhi - Chandigarh 19:15 22:35 Ambala Cantt 244 km Except Sunday
12046 Chandigarh - New Delhi 12:00 15:20
22 12277 Howrah - Puri 14:25 22:10 Kharagpur, Balasore, Bhadrak, Jajpur Keonjhar Road, Cuttack, Bhubaneswar 500 km Except Wednesday
12278 Puri - Howrah 06:00 13:45
23 12243 Chennai - Coimbatore 07:15 14:05 Salem, Erode, Tiruppur 496 km Except Tuesday
12244 Coimbatore - Chennai 15:0 22:15

Related trains[edit]

A variant of the Shatabdi Express, Swarna Shatabdi Express, is considered more luxurious by Indian Railway. Indian Railways later introduced a lower-priced version Jan Shatabdi Expresses, which are nearly all without air-conditioning and much more affordable.

The former railway minister Laloo Prasad Yadav had also introduced Garib Rath (chariot of the poor). These are fast trains (like the Rajdhani and Shatabdi), are fully Air-Conditioned and with lower fares. These trains are quite successful and compete with low cost airlines on some long-distance routes.

Trivia Information[edit]

All Shatabdi trains cover the whole journey up and down on the same day with average distance between 300 to 700 km and average time anywhere between 4 to 8 hours. Bhopal Shatabdi is the first and longest route covered by a Shatabdi with reaching the highest speed while Agra - Jaipur Shatabdi is the shortest route. Agra, Ambala, Amritsar, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Chennai, Etawah, Ghaziabad, Jaipur, Kalka, Kanpur Central, Ludhiana, Howrah and New Delhi are served by more than one Shatabdi Express. Ambala Cant station is served by maximum shatabdi connections with 6 shatabdi trains 12013/14, 12031/32,12029/30,12005/06,12011/12 and 12045/46.

Amritsar & Kalka are the only two destinations which are served by two dedicated Shatabdi's on a daily basis.

Shatabdi extended to Moga, twice a week[2] Now every Monday and Saturday, the train would go up to Moga, which would entail an extended run of an hour and 15 minutes, while on the other five days it would chart its normal route of New Delhi-Ludhiana.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "India Rail timetable". 
  2. ^ Shatabdi extended to Moga, twice a week. Hindustan Times(2012-12-9). Retrieved on 2012-12-9