Shattered Glass (film)
|Directed by||Billy Ray|
|Produced by||Tove Christensen
Marc Butan (uncredited)
|Based on||An article by Buzz Bissinger|
|Narrated by||Hayden Christensen|
|Music by||Mychael Danna|
|Edited by||Jeffrey Ford|
Baumgarten Merims Productions
Forest Park Pictures
|Box office||$2.9 million|
Shattered Glass is a 2003 American drama film written and directed by Billy Ray. The screenplay is based on a September 1998 Vanity Fair article by H. G. Bissinger. In it he chronicled the rapid rise of Stephen Glass' journalistic career at The New Republic during the mid-1990s and his steep fall when his widespread journalistic fraud was exposed.
Stephen Glass (Hayden Christensen) is a reporter at The New Republic, where he has made a name for himself for writing colorful stories. His editor, Michael Kelly (Hank Azaria), is revered by his young staff. When David Keene (at the time Chairman of the American Conservative Union) questions Glass' description of minibars and the drunken antics of Young Republicans at a convention, Kelly backs his reporter when Glass admits to one mistake but says the rest is true.
Kelly is fired after he stands up to his boss Marty Peretz on an unrelated personnel issue, and fellow writer Charles "Chuck" Lane (Peter Sarsgaard) is promoted to replace him. Glass publishes an entertaining story titled "Hack Heaven" about a teenage hacker named Ian Restil who was given a lucrative job at software company Jukt Micronics after hacking into their computer system. After the article is published, Adam Penenberg (Steve Zahn), a reporter at Forbes Digital Tool, begins researching the story in order to discover how Glass scooped them. Penenberg is unable to uncover any corroborating evidence for Glass' story and brings his concerns to The New Republic.
Charles Lane becomes suspicious when Glass cannot provide sources for his article and when the few pieces of concrete evidence are discovered to be a Palo Alto voicemail box and an amateurish website representing Jukt Micronics. Lane drives Glass to the hotel where the hacker convention he wrote about supposedly took place. Despite frantic attempts at spin from Glass, Lane discovers that the convention room at the hotel was not open the day the convention supposedly took place and that the restaurant where they supposedly ate dinner closed in the early afternoon.
Glass finally admits to Lane that he wasn't actually at the hacker convention, but relied on sources for information. Lane is outraged, but proceeds cautiously after telling Glass that he wants the truth from now on. He suspends Glass, earning him the enmity of the staff reporters, who all like Glass; Caitlin Avey (Chloe Sevigny), Glass' friend and fellow writer at the magazine, is so angered she considers quitting. When a colleague calls Lane to express concern for Glass' state of mind, he also reveals that Glass has a brother in Palo Alto, and Chuck realizes the brother must have posed as the president of Jukt Micronics.
Lane goes back to the office, where he finds Glass and confronts him. Glass pleads for another chance, but Lane orders him out of the office and takes his security access card. Searching through back issues of The New Republic, Lane realizes that much, if not all, of Glass' previous work was falsified, and when an emotional Glass suddenly returns to the office, Lane fires him.
After she hears the news, Caitlin accuses Lane of wanting to get rid of everyone that was loyal to Michael Kelly, but he challenges her to act like the good reporter she is. He reminds her that half of the falsified stories were published on Kelly's watch and that the entire staff will have to apologize to their readers for allowing Glass to continue to hand in fictitious stories.
When Lane arrives at the office the following day, the receptionist wryly remarks that all this trouble could have been averted if reporters were mandated to photograph all their sources. In their meeting, Lane discovers the staff has written an apology to their readers, and they spontaneously begin to applaud their editor, signifying their unity.
At a meeting with Glass and Glass' lawyer, Lane is told the entire truth. Glass, in effect, admits that 27 of the articles he wrote were fabricated in whole or in part.
- Hayden Christensen as Stephen Glass
- Peter Sarsgaard as Charles Lane
- Chloë Sevigny as Caitlin Avey - a fictional character based on Hanna Rosin
- Hank Azaria as Michael Kelly
- Steve Zahn as Adam Penenberg
- Rosario Dawson as Andy Fox
- Melanie Lynskey as Amy Brand
- Ted Kotcheff as Marty Peretz
Producer Craig Baumgarten, working with HBO executive Gaye Hirsch, optioned H.G. Bissinger's Vanity Fair magazine article about Stephen Glass for an HBO original movie. They hired screenwriter Billy Ray based on the script he had written for the TNT film Legalese. Ray grew up with Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein as his heroes and studied journalism for a year. It was this love for journalism that motivated him to make Shattered Glass.
A sudden change in management put the film into turnaround and it remained inactive for two years until Cruise/Wagner Productions bought it from HBO. They took it to Lionsgate and Ray asked the studio if he could direct in addition to writing it. Ray stuck with the project because he knew Bissinger, having previously adapted one of his books, Friday Night Lights. The challenge for Ray was to make the subject matter watchable because, according to the filmmaker, "watching people write is deadly dull ... in a film like this, dialogue is what a character is willing to reveal about himself, and the camera is there to capture everything else". The breakthrough for Ray came when he realized that the film's real protagonist was not Glass but Chuck Lane. According to Ray, "as fascinating as Stephen Glass is by the end of the movie people would want to kill themselves – you just can't follow him all the way". He used the Bissinger article as a starting point, which gave him a line of dialogue on which to hook the entire character of Glass: "Are you mad at me?" According to Ray, "you can build an entire character around that notion, and we did".
To prepare for the film, Ray interviewed and re-interviewed key figures for any relevant details. He signed some of them as paid consultants and gave several approval over the script. Early on, he spent a considerable amount of time trying to earn the trust of the people who had worked with Glass and get them to understand that he was going to be objective with the subject matter. The real Michael Kelly was so unhappy about how he was portrayed in Bissinger's article that he threatened to sue when Ray first contacted him about the film and refused for two years to read Ray's script, which he eventually approved. Ray attempted to contact Glass through his lawyers but was unsuccessful. Lionsgate lawyers asked Ray to give them an annotated script where he had to footnote every line of dialogue and every assertion and back them up with corresponding notes.
The night before principal photography began in Montreal, Ray screened All the President's Men for the cast and crew. He shot both halves of the film differently – in the first half, he used hand-held cameras in the scenes that took place in the offices of The New Republic, but when the Forbes editors begin to question Glass, the camerawork was more stable.
Ray's original cut of the film was a much more straightforward account of events but while editing the film he realized that it was not good enough. He raised additional funds to shoot the high school scenes that bookend the film.
On April 3, 2003, a little more than six months before the film was released, Michael Kelly was killed while reporting on the invasion of Iraq. The film is dedicated to his memory.
Shattered Glass premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival and was shown at the Telluride Film Festival, the Boston Film Festival, the Woodstock Film Festival, the Mill Valley Film Festival, and the Austin Film Festival before opening on eight screens in New York City and Los Angeles on October 31, 2003. It grossed $77,540 on its opening weekend. It eventually earned $2.2 million in North America and $724,744 in foreign markets for a total worldwide box office of $2.9 million.
Shattered Glass received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a rating of 91%, based on 177 reviews, and a critical consensus of, "A compelling look at Stephen Glass' fall from grace." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 73 out of 100, based on 38 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
A. O. Scott of The New York Times described the film as "a serious, well-observed examination of the practice of journalism," and "an astute and surprisingly gripping drama." He added, "A more showily ambitious film might have tried to delve into Glass's personal history in search of an explanation for his behavior, or to draw provocative connections between that behavior and the cultural and political climate of the times. Such a movie would also have been conventional, facile and ultimately false. Mr. Ray knows better than to sensationalize a story about the dangers of sensationalism. Shattered Glass is good enough to be true". Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four and felt the film was well-cast and "deserves comparison with All the President's Men among movies about journalism". In a dissenting review from The Village Voice, J. Hoberman dismissed the film as "self-important yet insipid," and asks, "Shattered Glass begs a larger question: What sort of culture elevates Glass for his entertainment value, punishes him for being too entertaining, rewards his notoriety, and then resurrects him again as a moral object lesson?"
Sarsgaard's performance as Charles Lane was singled out by several critics for praise. USA Today gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote of him: "Sarsgaard deserves more credit than he'll probably get for his multi-layered performance". Premiere 's Glenn Kenny wrote, "it's Peter Sarsgaard, as the editor who serves Glass his just desserts (sic), who walks away with the picture, metamorphosing his character's stiffness into a moral indignation that's jolting and, finally, invigorating". His performance ended up winning numerous awards, including "Best Supporting Actor" citations from the Boston Society of Film Critics, Kansas City Film Critics Circle, National Society of Film Critics, Online Film Critics Society, San Francisco Film Critics Circle, and the Toronto Film Critics Association, as well as nominations from the Independent Spirit Awards and the Golden Globes. The A.V. Club placed his portrayal of Chuck Lane at number six on a list of the best performances of the decade.
Stephen Glass saw the film and, when reflecting about the experience, he said, "It was very painful for me. It was like being on a guided tour of the moments of my life I am most ashamed of".
Awards and nominations
- Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture (Peter Sarsgaard, nominee)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Film (nominee)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay (nominee)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male (Sarsgaard, nominee)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Cinematography (nominee)
- Satellite Award for Best Adapted Screenplay (nominee)
- Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama (Hayden Christensen, nominee)
- Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, nominee)
- Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- Las Palmas de Gran Canaria International Film Festival Award for Best Actor (Sarsgaard and Christensen, winners)
- National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, nominee)
- Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Adapted Screenplay (nominee)
- "Movie Shattered Glass". The Numbers. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- Bissinger, Buzz (September 1998). "Shattered Glass". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- David Plotz (Sep 30, 2003), "Steve and Me: How accurate a portrayal of journalism is Shattered Glass?", Slate
- Jonathan V. Last (Oct 30, 2003), "Stopping Stephen Glass", The Weekly Standard
- Bowen, Peter (Fall 2003). "Confirm or Deny". Filmmaker magazine. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- Carr, David (October 19, 2003). "Film: Authors of Their Own Demise; The Real Star of Stephen Glass's Movie". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- Bear, Liz (October 28, 2003). "Journalist as the Bad Guy". Indiewire. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- P, Ken (March 24, 2004). "Interview: Billy Ray". IGN. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- Horgan, Richard (October 22, 2003). "Glass Shards". FilmStew. Retrieved 2009-08-13.[dead link]
- "Shattered Glass". Box Office Mojo. 2004-01-29. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- "Shattered Glass". Rotten Tomatoes. October 31, 2003. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
- Scott, A.O. (October 31, 2003). "A Young Writer's Ambition, With Loyalty and Betrayal". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- Ebert, Roger (November 7, 2003). "Shattered Glass". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- Hoberman, J (October 28, 2003). "Telling Lies in America". The Village Voice. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- Clark, Mike (October 30, 2003). "'Glass' puts the pieces together". USA Today. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- Kenny, Glenn (October 29, 2003). "Shattered Glass". Premiere. Retrieved 2009-06-12.[dead link]
- Murray, Noel et al. (December 1, 2009). "The best film performances of the '00s". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
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