Shau Kei Wan
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Shau Kei Wan (Chinese: 筲箕灣) or Shaukeiwan, Shaukiwan is a town in The Eastern District, located in the north east of Hong Kong Island. Literally, Shau Kei means a pail, and Wan implies that the town is developed along the coast. Nowadays it is a relatively densely populated town compared with some developing areas.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Sights
- 4 Community
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Housing development
- 7 Environment
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
The name Shau Kei Wan comes from the bay where the town is located. The bay is so named because its shape looks like a Shau Kei (colander). The bay had another name in the past - Ngor Yan Wan ( (Chinese: 餓人灣), translates to "Harbour of Starving Men"). It is said that there was a ship of people forced to dock by a typhoon. They landed hoping to buy some food and found that there was no agricultural products at all in the place. They left almost starving. Another version of the story is linked to the area's poor transportation during the dawn of the Colonial age, when people who live in the area can only rely on a sparse and unreliable Sampan service to get to the Central District. It was often jokingly said that people who live in this area will starve to death.
The name of the bay is changed to Aldrich Bay. It is named after a British navy captain who worked there. Shau Kei Wan is now the name of the town, while Aldrich Bay is the name of the bay. On maps in 1950s, Buffalo Bay is also marked, together with Aldrich Bay.
There is another story behind the name of Shau Kei Wan, which could be translated into "Pail Bay" directly in Cantonese. It is said that in the late Southern Song Dynasty, a man named Cheung Chun (Chinese: 張進) dropped a pail full of ancestral heirlooms into the bay as he sailed back to the area with the navy. The pail fell into sea just off the coast of the area now known as Eastern District.
A sadder story tells of a boatwoman, Chu Tee (Chinese: 朱蒂), who was widowed soon after getting married. She gave birth to a son, Ah Ha (阿蝦, literally little shrimp), after her husband's death. Ah Ha was a good boy who, tragically, lost his sight after catching smallpox. When he was 15, his mother fell ill. To support the family, Ah Ha became a beggar, sitting on the waterfront every day with a pail, until one day he was swept away in a violent storm. Only his pail was ever found. Chu Tee missed her son so much that she went insane, but Ah Ha's filial deed was immortalised in the name of Shau Kei Wan. However, this tale is viewed with suspicion, due to the fact that it supposedly took place during the early Qing Dynasty. The modern area of Shau Kei Wan already appeared in Ming Dynasty naval maps under the name used today.
In the early 18th century, local fishermen discovered Shau Kei Wan as a good storm shelter and eventually, the fishing population began to move into the area, away from Chai Wan, which housed most of the fishing populations for years. Also, Hakka people from Huizhou began to move into the area to operate quarries during this time, and began building houses along the coastline. The population grew, and by the 1841 Hong Kong census, the area housed approximately 200 people, roughly 5% of Hong Kong Island's population. Most of the residents in the area lived in fishing boats at the time.
By 1860, piracy became a serious issue, and Colonial Governor Richard Macdonnell began to crack down on crime and revitalise the area. During the process, the entire area was replanned with proper roads and housing. Police dispatch posts were also built for the authorities to better combat piracy.
By 1911, Shau Kei Wan housed a total of 7,000 people, and life for Shau Kei Wan as an industrial area began in the 1920s, when light industries began to move into the area.
After World War II, Shau Kei Wan gradually developed into a fish-trading market (a position it still holds today). Also, many Mainland China refugees began to settle into the area at this time, and built around 13 mountain villages in the ensuing years. Most of them were slum houses, and sanitations in those areas were generally atrocious. In the 1960s, the Hong Kong Government began to replan the area once more, building public housing estates and beginning landfill projects. The plans went ahead slowly until 1975, when a large fire burnt down many of the slum houses in the Aldrich Bay Typhon Shelter which were built along the shore & over the water of the bay. Afterwards, the government began to bulldoze slum areas and built public housing in its place.
Today, Shau Kei Wan is a densely populated residential district. However, the change over the years has come with a cost: it is said that the coastline has suffered a great change since the late 19th century.
Eastern District Tourist Trail (Shau Kei Wan Section)
Hidden amidst the high-rise residential towers of the Eastern District is a trail that will showcase the hustle and bustle of everyday life in the area. Visitors can discover vestiges of Hong Kong's seafaring past at the A Kung Ngam Shipyards and the Shau Kei Wan Wholesale Fish Market. (The sea has always been an important part of life in Shau Kei Wan. Its name comes from the shape of the neighbouring bay: shau kei means "pail" and wan means "bay".)
The historical trail starts at the tram terminus and heads along Shau Kei Wan Main Street East towards the waterfront before ending at the Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence. Along the way, you will see temples dedicated to different gods: Shing Wong, Tin Hau, Tam Kung and Yuk Wong.
Shau Kei Wan Main Street East
Shau Kei Wan Street East is one of the most important streets in Shau Kei Wan district. In the 19th century, the street was on the waterfront. In 1860s, to crack down the pirates hiding in the area, the Hong Kong government decided to open up the area and to build houses and stores on the two sides of the road.
Nowadays, some restaurants and groceries handed down from the past still operate along the street while the old houses have been replaced by modern high-rises.
Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence
A famous tourist attraction of SKW is the Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence. It is a museum located near Lei Yue Mun with a total area of 34,200 square meters. The museum was built by the British in 1887. It was originally built for coastal defence, especially for the east Victoria Harbour, but it is currently an exhibition center. Inside, there are castle, defence basement, military vehicle and weapons on display.
Shau Kei Wan Wholesale Fish Market
One important primary product of Hong Kong is marine fish. One can see fresh marine fish being distributed to outside retail market after wholesaling at Shau Kei Wan Wholesale Fish Market. Facilities for the landing and wholesale of fresh marine fish are provided. It is one of the seven wholesale fish market operated by the Fish Market Organization. It is currently the second largest in Hong Kong, after the one in Aberdeen.
A Kung Ngam Shipyards
||It has been suggested that this article be merged into A Kung Ngam. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2012.|
It was a port for export of stone materials in the mid 18th century. As there were so many ships, it became a typhoon shelter and shipyards were built. During the Dragon Boat Festivals, dragon boats races were held in Shau Kei Wan Typhoon Shelter, where dragon boats were once made by the shipyards. At the end of the 20th century, land reclamation from the sea caused fishing boats to anchor elsewhere. Nowadays, the number of shipyards has decreased due to a decrease in number of ships going there.
Developed from a fishing village, special religious beliefs are formed. Besides worshiping Tin Hau, residents, who were historically mainly fishermen, also worship Tam Kung. It is believed that since Tam Kung can control the weather and heal the sick, people worship Tam Kung for a safe return from the sea. Tam Kung is a unique religious belief in Hong Kong and temples worshiping Tam Kung can only be found here.
There are temples on Shau Kei Wan Main Street East which are dedicated to Shing Wong, Tin Hau, Tam Kung and Yuk Wong. Tin Hau Temple and Tam Kung Temple are relatively famous. In the past, fishermen worshiped them for safety at sea. Although the fishing industry in the area has been diminishing, the tradition still continues.
Tsung Tsin Church
Located on Basel Road adjacent to Shau Kei Wan Main Street East, the church was built in 1862 by local Hakka and priests from the Swiss Basel Church. It was originally built to a country house style. After reconstruction in 1933, it became a well established church. It was occupied as the temporary headquarters of military police during the Japanese invasion in 1941. In 1958, a school was built next to it. After that, it was rebuilt and used as church again and was expanded in 1984.
There are several shopping arcades in Shau Kei Wan, such as Yiu Tung Shopping Centre, Oi Tung Shopping Centre, Hing Tung Shopping Centre and SoHo East. Each is located underneath a housing estate, and was built mainly for the residents in that area. The structure and the interior design of these shopping centres are different from those found in Central; the emphasis is placed on the internal function and practical space rather than detailed decoration or facade. The shopping units inside include stores such as supermarket, Chinese restaurants and clothes shop. The goods here are relatively cheaper and usually are commodities.
There are recreational facilities for the public. The Yiu Tung Public Library provide a place for people to read and borrow books and other publications. There is also the Island East Sports Centre (Chinese: 港島東體育館), a sport complex which provides various sports facilities such as gym rooms and ball courts.
A number of schools including both primary and secondary schools can be found in Shau Kei Wan.
Secondary Schools (in alphabetical order):
- St Mark's School, Hong Kong聖馬可中學
- Hong Kong Chinese Women's Club College 香港中國婦女會中學
- Shau Kei Wan Government Secondary School 筲箕灣官立中學
- Kellett Secondary British international School of Hong Kong
Munsung College (Hong Kong Island) 港島民生書院
- Salesiaional English School (Secondary Section) 慈幼中學
- Shau Kei Wan East Government Secondary School 筲箕灣東官立中學
Primary Schools (in alphabetical order):
- Aldrich Bay Government Primary School 愛秩序灣官立小學
- CCC Kei Wan Primary School 中華基督教會基灣小學
- CCC Kei Wan Primary School (Aldrich Bay) 中華基督教會基灣小學(愛蝶灣)
- END Leung Lee Sau Yu Memorial Primary School, The AM 勵志會梁李秀娛紀念上午小學
- END Leung Lee Sau Yu Memorial Primary School, The PM 勵志會梁李秀娛紀念下午小學
- Salesian School 慈幼學校
- Shau Kei Wan Government Primary School 筲箕灣官立小學
- Shaukiwan Tsung Tsin School 筲箕灣崇真學校
- St Mark's Primary School 聖馬可小學
- The HKCWC Hioe Tjo Yoeng Primary School 香港中國婦女會丘佐榮學校
The Shau Kei Wan Jockey Club Clinic provides various medical services, such as maternal and child health, and family health. The nearby UMP Aldrich Garden Medical Centre also offers medical care to local residents. Various private clinics are located in different housing estates.
Dental service is provided by a satellite location of Yan Chai Hospital, located on the main street of Shau Kei Wan. It was built to serve other nearby areas such as Chai Wan along with Shau Kei Wan.
There are also some authority offices located at Shau Kei Wan, such as The Film Service Office. It aims to promote film relevant service to local area. Details can be referred to the official site.
In the past
In earlier times, Shau Kei Wan, along with the rest of the Island, did not have a good transportation system. This, coupled with the relative distance of Central and Wan Chai (other population centers of the time), makes transportation rather inconvenient.
For most of its modern history, Shau Kei Wan's major connection with the rest of the island was King's Road (英皇道). Its only major connection with its eastern neighbour of Chai Wan was Chai Wan Road (柴灣道), which was notorious for its steep incline.
In 1904, a single-track tram service between North Point (北角) and Shau Kei Wan was established.
After World War II, Hong Kong experienced a population boom, and factories, along with people, started to move into Shau Kei Wan. This started to create congestions, and public buses began to serve the area in an effort to alleviate the problem. That did not reduce the congestions, however, which continued to get worse until the MTR and the Island Eastern Corridor were completed. At the worst period for traffic jams, ferry companies began a service from Shau Kei Wan to Central in order to get people to work on time.
All of these transportation impediments gave birth to a once-popular maxim: "英雄被困筲箕灣，不知何日到中環". This translates to "A 'hero' is trapped in Shau Kei Wan without knowing which day he will reach Central."
Now, as different means of transportation are well developed, one can travel between the two places within very short time. Even if you take the slow tram.
One of the seven Hong Kong Tramways termini is located in Shau Kei Wan. It is at the junction of Shau Kei Wan Main Street East and Kam Wa Street. The track system runs east from Sai Wan Ho to the west of the northern part of Hong Kong Island linking Shau Kei Wan and Kennedy Town. It is the longest tram track in Hong Kong while the whole track system was completed in 1904. Although there exists various types of transportation, some residents still prefer using trams because of tradition and the extremely low price.
Shau Kei Wan is served by the station of the same name on the Island Line of the MTR metro system. The station is between Sai Wan Ho and Heng Fa Chuen. The MTR connects Shau Kei Wan to the rest of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon. It takes 18 minutes to travel to Central, and 26 minutes to travel to Mongkok.
There are over 20 bus lines passing through Shau Kei Wan which connects Shau Kei Wan to other districts. Passengers can take routes 2, 2X, 9, 77, 99, 102, 102P, 110, 529, 720, 720A, and N102 from the Shau Kei Wan Bus Terminus at Nam On Street. Other bus lines include: 14, 81, 81A, 82, 84S, 85, 106, 606, 682, 682P, 694, 698R, 802, N8 and N8X. Passengers can also travel to the Hong Kong International Airport via route A12.
There are several green mini-buses that have their terminus at Po Man Street in Shau Kei Wan. These include 32 and 57M. Other minibus services include Routes 50, 65, and 66 and also:
- Route 20 to Chai Wan
- Route 32 to Kornhill
- Route 50 to Sai Wan Ho
- Route 66 to Chai Wan
- Route 68 to Quarry Bay
There are boat service at Saturday 9am, 10am, 11am, going to Tung Lung Island(東龍島). Which is a famous hiking site.
A long term strategic implementation is taken up by The Housing Society and the Urban Renewal Authority (URA). URA will focus on project on Shau Kei Wan Road and Nam On Street.
The stage of the project is now at the beginning, the 17 buildings that will be acquired are over 40 years old. Project is expected to be finished on 2009 and will provide 300 residential units.
|Site Area||1,890 square meters|
|No. of affected buildings||17|
|No. of affected households||about 230|
|No. of affected shops||about 35|
|No. of affected property interests||about 130|
|Residential||about 17,800 square meters|
|Commercial||about 1,700 square meters|
Housing developments in Shau Kei Wan include:
- Yiu Tung Estate
- Oi Tung Estate
- Aldrich Garden
- Tung Shing Court
- Tung Chun Court
- Tung Yuk Court
- Tung Tao Court
There are two Champion Trees in Shau Kei Wan, both of which are located on Shau Kei Wan Main Street East by the side of the road. One is located beside Shau Kei Wan Government School. It is a large-leaved banyan. The other is a Coconut Palm, which is located in front of the Urban Council market.
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