Shaumonekusse

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Shaumonekusse
Shaumonekusse - Prairie Wolf - by Charles Bird King, c1822.jpg
Portrait of Shaumonekusse, painted by Charles Bird King circa 1822. On display in the White House Library [1]
Tribe Otoe
Born ca. 1785
Died 1837
Native name Chonmonicase ("Prairie Wolf")
Nickname(s) Letan, L'Letan
Spouse(s) Eagle of Delight

Chief Shaumonekusse (Chonmonicase, Letan, L'Letan, "Prairie Wolf") (ca. 1785-1837) was a leader of the Otoe Native American tribe in the early 19th century.[2] The Otoe was a Great Plains tribe, closely related to the Ioway and Missouria.

Shaumonekusse was described as a witty and sociable person, and "a daring, active, and successful warrior. We are not aware of his having any hereditary claims to the chieftainship of his tribe, to which he has risen gradually by his own merits. He is a person of deep penetration, and is capable of acting with much duplicity on any occasion when he may consider it politic to conceal his real views."[3]

"He recounted his deeds in 1819 during a dance performed before members of the Stephen Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains. Later in life he killed his brother after a fight in which the latter bit off the end of his nose."[4]

Shaumonekusse traveled with an Indian delegation to Washington, DC in 1821 to meet with high-ranking officials, including President James Monroe. He had five wives, and took Eagle of Delight with him to the capital.[5] They both had their portraits painted in Washington, DC on that trip by Charles Bird King.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution". Retrieved 2013-01-31. 
  2. ^ McKenney, Thomas L (1872). History of the Indian tribes of North America with biographical sketches and anecdotes of the principal chiefs. Embellished with one hundred portraits from the Indian Gallery in the War Department at Washington.. Philadelphia: D. Rice & Co. Retrieved 2013-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Chonmonicase or Shaumonekusse, Otto Half Chief". Access Genealogy. Retrieved 2013-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Chonmonicase, an Otto Half Chief". A Gathering of Nations: Images from McKenney & Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America. Retrieved 2013-01-31. 
  5. ^ McKenney, Thomas L (1872). History of the Indian tribes of North America with biographical sketches and anecdotes of the principal chiefs. Embellished with one hundred portraits from the Indian Gallery in the War Department at Washington.. Philadelphia: D. Rice & Co. Retrieved 2013-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Old map by McKenney - Hayne-Hudjihini the Eagle of Delight.". Antique Map Price and high resolution image source. Retrieved 2013-01-31. 

External links[edit]

  • "Shaumonekusse", Indian Tribes of North America, Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1910