Şavşat

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Şavşat
Şavşat1.JPG
Şavşat is located in Turkey
Şavşat
Şavşat
Coordinates: 41°14′36″N 42°21′50″E / 41.24333°N 42.36389°E / 41.24333; 42.36389Coordinates: 41°14′36″N 42°21′50″E / 41.24333°N 42.36389°E / 41.24333; 42.36389
Country Turkey
Province Artvin
Government
 • Mayor Ahmet Sinan Öztürk (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Salih Altun
Area[1]
 • District 1,376.61 km2 (531.51 sq mi)
Elevation 1,174 m (3,852 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 6,753
 • District 17,660
 • District density 13/km2 (33/sq mi)
Post code 08700

Şavşat (Georgian: შავშეთი/Shavsheti) is a town and district of Artvin Province in the Black Sea region, between the cities of Artvin and Kars on the border with Georgia at the far eastern end of Turkey.

Geography[edit]

Like most districts of Artvin this is a beautiful hilly area surrounded by high mountains on all sides, including the 3,537 m Karçkal mountains to the west, and watered by many mountain streams and pools. There are trout in the largest, Şavşat Karagöl lake and a number of mineral water springs. The area has a cold inland climate, somewhat tempered by being above the Black Sea coast, but at these altitudes winter lasts a long time; it snows from November to April. The mountains are covered with pine forest, with some broadleaf forest at lower elevations.

In this landscape there is little agricultural land, no industry and the only real potential income is from tourism (people on trekking holidays), herding animals on the mountainside and beekeeping. There are some fruit trees (mainly pears and apples) and some potatoes are grown in the Çoruh River valley floor. Of the land area 13% can be planted while 27% is used for grazing, 42% is forest and 17% is high mountain.

The town of Şavşat is small (population 7,325) and has few amenities.

Climate[edit]

The climate in Şavşat is a warm-summer subtype (Köppen: Dfb) of the humid continental climate.

Climate data for Şavşat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.6
(36.7)
8.6
(47.5)
12.9
(55.2)
16.0
(60.8)
19.4
(66.9)
19.3
(66.7)
15.8
(60.4)
10.4
(50.7)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
8.6
(47.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.77)
42
(1.65)
37
(1.46)
56
(2.2)
71
(2.8)
78
(3.07)
51
(2.01)
49
(1.93)
49
(1.93)
61
(2.4)
57
(2.24)
57
(2.24)
653
(25.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

History[edit]

This area was occupied by the Cimmerians and the Urartu from 900 to 650 BC and later by the Ancient Romans and Sassanids.

It was then one of the Georgian princedoms in the constellation of several polities which is conventionally known as Tao-Klarjeti in Georgian. The princedom of Shavsheti included today's districts of Şavşat, Borçka, and Murgul in Turkey and Lower Machakheli in Adjara (Georgia).

This lasted until it was conquered by the Ottomans in 1547.

Following the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878) Şavşat was among the territories ceded to Russia, and was returned to the new Republic of Turkey in 1921.

Villages[edit]

Akdamla köyü • Arpalı • Aşağı koyunluAtalarBalıklıCevizliCiritdüzü • Çağlapınar • Çağlıyan • ÇamlıcaÇavdarlıÇayağzıÇermikÇiftlikÇoraklı (Gargilop) • Çukur • Dalkırmaz • Demirci • Demirkapı • Dereiçi (Dasamop) • Dutlu • Düzenli • Elmalı • Erikli • Eskikale • Hanli • Ilıca • Karaağaç • Karaköy • Kayabaşı • Kayadibi • KirazlıKireçli • Kocabey • Köprülü • Köprüyaka • Kurudere • Küplüce • MadenMeşeliMeydancık-Diyoban • Obaköy • OtlucaPınarlıSavaş köy • Saylıca • Sebzeli • Susuz • Şalcı • ŞenköyŞenocak • Tepeköy • TepebaşıÜzümlüVeliköyYağlı KöyüYamaçlı köyü • Yaşarköy • YeşilceYoncalı • Yukarı koyunlu • Yavuz köyü • Ziyaret köyü

Places of interest[edit]

  • Papart forest
  • Qenciyan Hill, overlooks the border and the Binboğa lakes.
  • Şavşat Karagöl lake, a large trout lake in the forest, and the crater lake of Kuyruklu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ "Climate: Șavşat". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 

External links[edit]