Shawano County, Wisconsin
|Shawano County, Wisconsin|
Shawano County Courthouse, built mid-1950s
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
|• Total||909 sq mi (2,354 km2)|
|• Land||893 sq mi (2,313 km2)|
|• Water||16 sq mi (41 km2), 1.8%|
|• Density||47/sq mi (18/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Its name is from a modified Ojibwa term meaning 'southern'; it was the southern boundary of the Ojibwa nation. A Menominee chief named Sawanoh led a band that lived in the area. Many citizens of Shawano believe the lake, county, and city (Town of Shawanaw founded 1853 and changed to Shawano in 1856), were named after Chief Sawanoh. A historical marker placed in 1958 near the lake along Highway 22 states the lake was named as the southern boundary of Chippewa (Ojibwe) territory.
Various historical recordings of the spelling of Shawano include: Sawanoh, Shawanaw, Sharuno, Shabin, Savannah, Savanah... which show the influence of French, German, and English translation (v's, w's, and b's, sounding very similar and thus being recorded incorrectly at times). Similar differences in spelling have been seen in the following versions: Mahican/Mahikan/Maikens tribe or Mohecan/Morhican/Mohican tribe, all referring to the same Algonquian-speaking people. James Fenimore Cooper wrote a popular novel entitled The Last of the Mohicans but the people continue to survive.
The federally recognized Stockbridge-Munsee Community (made up of Algonquian-speaking Mahican and Lenape), whose ancestors traditionally lived in the East along the Hudson River Valley, is located in Shawano County. Their reservation encompasses the towns of Bartelme, and Red Springs.
The county was organized as a separate county in 1853 under the name Shawanaw County. The county, unlike the city, retained the old spelling until 1864.
From the mid-nineteenth century on, the county was settled by European Americans, including many German, and later, Polish immigrants. They developed the county for agriculture. Before that, French-Canadian and British fur traders traveled widely through the area, trading with the Chippewa and other Native American peoples of the region.
- Menominee County - north
- Oconto County - east
- Brown County - southeast
- Outagamie County - south
- Waupaca County - south
- Portage County - southwest
- Marathon County - west
- Langlade County - northwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 40,664 people, 15,815 households, and 11,149 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 18,317 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.61% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 6.26% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 54.9% were of German and 8.1% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 15,815 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.60 males.
Cities, villages, and towns
- Aniwa (town)
- Belle Plaine
- Birnamwood (town)
- Birnamwood (partly in Marathon County)
- Green Valley
- Maple Grove
- Marion (mostly in Waupaca County)
- Pulaski (mostly in Brown County and Oconto County)
- Red Springs
- Wittenberg (town)
- Adams Beach
- Belle Plaine
- Five Corners
- Frazer Corners
- Green Valley
- Hofa Park
- Krakow (partial)
- Middle Village (partial)
- Pittsfield (partial)
- Red River
- Rose Lawn
- Slab City
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Shawano county [origin of place name][dead link]
- Shawano's Modern History Began in 1844 with Logging and Later Farming]
- "Here's How Iron Got Its Name". The Rhinelander Daily News. June 16, 1932. p. 2. Retrieved August 24, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- Erickson, Halford, ed. The blue book of the state of Wisconsin 1903 Madison, 1903; p. 116
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.