Shawnee (Amtrak train)
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|First service||May 1, 1971|
|Last service||January 2, 1986|
|Distance travelled||310 miles (500 km)|
|Average journey time||5 hours 25 minutes|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Track owner(s)||Illinois Central Gulf|
The Shawnee was a train operated by Amtrak between Chicago, Illinois and Carbondale, Illinois. The train was one of the few Illinois Central Railroad trains Amtrak retained after the end of most private-sector passenger service in the United States on May 1, 1971. The Shawnee operated until January 12, 1986, when budget cuts led to its consolidation with the Illini.
The Shawnee took its name from the Shawnee, an Algonquian-speaking people native to North America who formerly lived in southern Illinois.:100 At the dawn of Amtrak the Shawnee was one of several trains the Illinois Central operated over the Chicago—Carbondale corridor, including the Southern Express, Creole, Louisiane and Seminole.:93 Along with the Panama Limited, also retained from the IC, the Shawnee continued to use Central Station instead of Union Station in downtown Chicago.