Shawwal

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Islamic Calendar

  1. Muharram
  2. Safar
  3. Rabi' al-awwal
  4. Rabi' al-thani
  5. Jumada al-awwal
  6. Jumada al-thani
  7. Rajab
  8. Sha'aban
  9. Ramadan
  10. Shawwal
  11. Dhu al-Qi'dah
  12. Dhu al-Hijjah

Shawwāl (شوّال) is the tenth month of the lunar Islamic calendar. Shawwāl means to ‘lift or carry’; so named because she-camels normally would be carrying a fetus at this time of year.

Fasting during Shawwāl[edit]

The first day of Shawwāl is Eid al-Fitr. Some Muslims observe six days of fasting during Shawwāl beginning the day after Eid ul-Fitr since fasting is prohibited on this day. These six days of fasting together with the Ramadan fasts, are equivalent to fasting all year round. The reasoning behind this tradition is that a good deed in Islam is rewarded 10 times, hence fasting 30 days during Ramadan and 6 days during Shawwāl is equivalent to fasting the whole year in terms of reward.[1]

The Shia scholars do not place any emphasis on the six days being consecutive whilst amongst the Sunnis the majority of Shafi`i scholars consider it recommended to fast these days consecutively. They based this on a hadith related by Tabarani and others wherein Prophet Muhammad is reported to have said, “Fasting six consecutive days after Eid al-Fitr is like fasting the entire year.” Other traditional scholarly sources among the Hanbaliyya and Hanafiyya do not place an emphasis on consecutive days, while the strongest opinion of the Malikiyya prefers any six days of the year, consecutively or otherwise.

Timing[edit]

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Shawwāl migrates throughout the seasons. The actual and estimated start and end dates for Shawwāl are as follows:

CE / AD AH First day Last day
2003 1424 26 November 25 December
2004 1425 14 November 12 December
2005 1426   3 November   2 December
2006 1427 24 October 21 November
2007 1428 13 October 10 November
2008 1429   1 October 29 October
2009 1430[2] 21 September 19 October
2010 1431[2] 10 September   8 October
2011 1432[2] 30 August 28 September
2012 1433[2] 19 August 16 September
2013 1434[2]   8 August   6 September
2014 1435[2] 28 July 26 August
2015 1436[2] 17 July 15 August
2016 1437[2]   7 July   6 August
2017 1438[2] 26 June 24 July
Shawwāl dates between 2003 and 2017

Islāmic Events[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]