Volodymyr Shcherbytsky

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Volodymyr Vasylyovych Shcherbytsky (Ukrainian: Володи́мир Васи́льович Щерби́цький, Russian: Влади́мир Васи́льевич Щерби́цкий; IPA: [vlɐˈdʲimʲɪr vɐˈsʲilʲɪvʲɪt͡ɕ ɕːɪrˈbʲit͡skʲɪj]; 17 February 1918, Verkhnodniprovsk — 16 February 1990) was a Ukrainian and Soviet politician. He was a leader of the Communist Party of Ukraine from 1972 to 1989. During the World War II, he participated in the invasion of Iran by the Soviet forces (see Iran crisis of 1946).

An influential figure in the Soviet Union, a member of Soviet politburo since 1971, he was a close ally to the Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. His rule of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was characterized by the expanded policies of re-centralisation and suppression of dissent. While supporting Russification policies, he still allowed the Ukrainian language to keep circulating side-by-side with Russian in this traditionally bilingual republic. Scherbytsky's power base was arguably one of the most corrupt and conservative among the Soviet republics.[1]

He was one of the supporters of Mikhail Gorbachev[citation needed] in his takeover of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union which ultimately led to the implementation of reforms that dramatically altered the country and its future. At the same time, Scherbytsky opposed these democratic changes.

He is also held responsible for concealing the real scale of the Chernobyl Accident even to the central government in Moscow and for holding a May Day demonstration in Kiev only five days after the accident happened, when the public was still severely exposed to nuclear radiation. In 1990 he died from pneumonia (official version), while some close to him people were talking about a suicide. On February 17, 1990 Shcherbytsky was called for a witness testimony in relations to the Chernobyl disaster.

Awards[edit]

Volodymyr Shcherbytsky was twice awarded the Hero of Socialist Labour — in 1974 and 1977. During his public service he also received numerous other civil and state awards and recognitions, including the Order of Lenin (in 1958, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1977, 1983 and 1988), the Order of October Revolution (in 1978 and 1982), the Order of the Patriotic War, I class (in 1985) and various medals.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Democratic Changes and Authoritarian Reactions in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova By Karen Dawisha, Bruce Parrott. Cambridge University Press, 1997 ISBN 0-521-59732-3, ISBN 978-0-521-59732-6. p. 337
  2. ^ http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/uk/publish/article?showHidden=1&art_id=1261563&cat_id=661258

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Petro Shelest
1st Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine
1972–1989
Succeeded by
Vladimir Ivashko
Preceded by
Andriy Kyrylenko
Mykyta Tolubeyev
1st Secretary of the Communist Party of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
1955–1957
1963–1965
Succeeded by
Anton Hayevyi
Oleksiy Vatchenko
Political offices
Preceded by
Nykyfor Kalchenko
Ivan Kazanets
Prime Minister of Ukraine (Ukrainian SSR)
1961–1963
1965–1972
Succeeded by
Ivan Kazanets
Oleksandr Liashko