Sheffield Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Sheffield Central
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Sheffield Central in South Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of South Yorkshire within England.
County South Yorkshire
Electorate 69,975 (December 2010)
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Paul Blomfield (Labour)
Number of members One
18851950
Number of members One
Replaced by Sheffield Neepsend
Created from Sheffield
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Sheffield Central is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Paul Blomfield, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Present boundaries

The seat covers central Sheffield and extends as far as Nether Edge and the Manor. It covers a similar area to the former Sheffield Park seat. It borders the constituencies of Sheffield Hallam, Sheffield Heeley, Sheffield, Brightside and Hillsborough and Sheffield South East.

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:

Pre-2010 boundaries

The Boundary Commission recommended that Sheffield Central lose Burngreave to the renamed Sheffield Brightside and Hillsborough constituency, but gain Broomhill ward from Sheffield Hallam and Walkley from Sheffield Hillsborough. These changes had effect from and including the 2010 general election.

History[edit]

1885-1950

Created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the election that year, Sheffield Central was one of five divisions of the former Sheffield constituency. Sheffield Central was abolished in 1950 and the sitting MP, Harry Morris, stood and won in the new seat (now extinct) of Sheffield Neepsend.

1983-date

In varied form the constituency was brought back into existence for the 1983 general election.

Labour's Richard Caborn represented Sheffield Central from its recreation in 1983 until he retired in 2010 and was narrowly succeeded at the ballot box by another Labour MP, Paul Blomfield.

Constituency profile[edit]

Whereas most of the Labour majorities since 1983 have been substantial meaning the area is potentially one of that party's safe seat's, in 2010 the Liberal Democrat share of the vote came 0.4% below that of the winning Labour candidate, which is highly marginal.

In statistics

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of a local government districts with: a working population whose income is close to the national average and lower than average reliance upon social housing.[2] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 4.0% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, see table.[3]

Sheffield's Seats Compared - worklessness[3]
Office for National Statistics November 2012 Jobseekers Claimant Count
Sheffield, Brightside and Hillsborough 7.6%[n 3]
Sheffield Central 4.0%
Sheffield Hallam 1.5%
Sheffield Heeley 5.7%
Sheffield South East 4.4%

The district contributing to the bulk of the seat has a medium 33% of its population without a car.[n 4] A medium 24.3% of the City's population are without qualifications, a high 15.8% of the population with level 3 qualifications and a medium 25.7% with level 4 qualifications or above. In terms of tenure a relatively low 58.3% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage by occupants as at the 2011 census across the district.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party Subsequent Political Roles
1885 Charles Edward Howard Vincent Conservative
1908 by-election James Fitzalan Hope Conservative Lord Rankeillour
1929 Philip Christopher Hoffman Labour
1931 William Whytehead Boulton Conservative
1945 Harry Morris Labour Lord Morris
1950 Constituency Abolished
1983 Constituency Created
1983 Richard Caborn Labour
2010 Paul Blomfield Labour

Elections[edit]

Election results for Sheffield Central, 1885–1950 & 1983–2005

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Sheffield Central[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Green Jillian Creasy[7]
Labour Paul Blomfield
Liberal Democrat Joe Otten
General Election 2010: Sheffield Central[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Paul Blomfield 17,138 41.3 -5.2
Liberal Democrat Paul Scriven 16,973 40.9 +9.5
Conservative Andrew Lee 4,206 10.1 +1.0
Green Jillan Creasy 1,556 3.8 -2.0
BNP Tracey Smith 903 2.2 +0.6
UKIP Jeffrey Shaw 652 1.6 -0.1
Independent Rod Rodgers 40 0.1 +0.1
Majority 165 0.4 -23.1
Turnout 41,468 59.6 +4.6
Labour hold Swing -7.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Sheffield Central[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Caborn 14,950 49.9 -11.5
Liberal Democrat Ali Qadar 7,895 26.3 +6.6
Conservative Samantha George 3,094 10.3 -0.6
Green Bernard Little 1,808 6.0 +2.6
Respect Maxine Bowler 1,284 4.3 N/A
BNP Mark Payne 539 1.8 N/A
UKIP Charlotte Arnott 415 1.4 +0.5
Majority 7,055 23.5 −18.2
Turnout 29,985 50.1 +0.6
Labour hold Swing -9.1
General Election 2001: Sheffield Central[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Caborn 18,477 61.4 -2.2
Liberal Democrat Ali Qadar 5,933 19.7 +2.5
Conservative Noelle Brelsford 3,289 10.9 -1.0
Green Bernard Little 1,008 3.4 +0.7
Socialist Alliance Nick Riley 754 2.5 N/A
Socialist Labour David Hadfield 289 1.0 N/A
UKIP Elizabeth Schofield 257 0.9 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Robert Driver 62 0.2 -0.0
Majority 12,544 41.7 −4.7
Turnout 30,069 49.5 -3.6
Labour hold Swing -2.36

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Sheffield Central[3][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Caborn 23,179 63.6 −5.1
Liberal Democrat Ali Qadar 6,273 17.2 +5.6
Conservative Martin Hess 4,341 11.9 −4.6
Green Andy D'Agorne 954 2.6 +0.3
Referendum Party Anthony Brownlow 863 2.4 N/A
Socialist Alternative Ken Douglas 466 1.3 N/A
ProLife Alliance Maureen Aitken 280 0.8 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Michael Driver 63 0.2 N/A
Majority 16,906 46.4 −5.8
Turnout 36,419 53.0 −3.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Sheffield Central[3][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Caborn 22,764 68.7 +1.0
Conservative Vernon Davies 5,470 16.5 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Andrew Sangar 3,856 11.6 −2.3
Green Graham Wroe 750 2.3 N/A
End Unemployment Vote Justice for Jobless M. Clarke 212 0.6 N/A
Communist League J. O'Brien 92 0.3 N/A
Majority 17,294 52.2 +1.5
Turnout 33,144 56.1 −5.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Sheffield Central[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Caborn 25,872 67.7 +7.5
Conservative Brian Oxley 6,530 17.1 −2.1
SDP–Liberal Alliance Fiona Hornby 5,314 13.9 −5.5
Red Front C. T. Dingle 278 0.7 N/A
Communist Keith Petts 203 0.5 −0.2
Majority 19,342 50.7 +9.9
Turnout 38,197 62.5 +0.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Sheffield Central[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard Caborn 24,759 60.2 N/A
SDP–Liberal Alliance Patricia Major 7,969 19.4 N/A
Conservative Patricia Rawlings 7,908 19.2 N/A
Communist Vi Gill 296 0.7 N/A
Revolutionary Communist C. Barrett 222 0.5 N/A
Majority 16,790 40.8 N/A
Turnout 41154 61.6 N/A
New creation: Labour gain. Swing N/A

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Sheffield Central[11][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Morris 7,954 59.2 +10.0
Conservative G. V. Hunt 5,481 40.8 −10.0
Majority 2,473 18.4 +16.8
Turnout 72.0 -2.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Sheffield Central[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Whytehead Boulton 13,821 50.8 −11.2
Labour Philip Hoffman 13,408 49.2 +11.2
Majority 420 1.6 -22.4
Turnout 74.2 -6.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Sheffield Central[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Whytehead Boulton 21,589 62.0
Labour Philip Hoffman 13,212 38.0
Majority 8,377 24.0
Turnout 80.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 43,798[13]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Philip Christopher Hoffman 19,183 59.1
Conservative J Ralph P Warde-Aldam 13,284 40.9
Majority 5,899 18.2
Turnout 74.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1924: Sheffield Central[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Fitzalan Hope 13,302 50.6
Labour Tom Snowden 12,995 49.4
Majority 307 1.2
Turnout 74.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1923: Sheffield Central[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Fitzalan Hope 9,727 45.7
Labour Tom Snowden 8,762 41.1
Liberal John Henry Freeborough 2,810 13.2
Majority 965 4.6
Turnout 61.3
Conservative hold Swing

In the 1922 general election, James Fitzalan Hope was elected unopposed.[13]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Sheffield Central[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Fitzalan Hope 9,361 58.7
Independent Labour Alfred James Bailey 5,959 37.3
British Socialist Party Robert George Murray 643 4.0
Majority 3,402 21.4
Turnout 43.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Sheffield Central[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Fitzalan Hope 3,455 51.4
Lib-Lab Alfred James Bailey 3,271 48.6
Majority 184 2.8
Turnout 77.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election January 1910: Sheffield Central[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Fitzalan Hope 3,829 52.7
Lib-Lab Alfred James Bailey 3,440 47.3
Majority 389 5.4
Turnout 83.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Sheffield Central[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Edward Howard Vincent 4,217 56.2
Liberal Stanley Udale 3,290 43.8
Majority 927 12.4
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

In the 1900 general election, Charles Edward Howard Vincent was elected unopposed.[14]

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

In the 1895 general election, Charles Edward Howard Vincent was elected unopposed.[14]

General Election 1892: Sheffield Central[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Edward Howard Vincent 4,474 55.3
Liberal Robert Cameron 3,618 44.7
Majority 856 10.6
Turnout 83.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Sheffield Central[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Edward Howard Vincent 4,522 57.6
Liberal J. Hawkins 3,326 42.4
Majority 1,196 15.2
Turnout 79.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1885: Sheffield Central[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Edward Howard Vincent 4,633 56.1
Lib-Lab Samuel Plimsoll 3,484 42.2
Independent Liberal M. L. Hawkes 140 1.7
Majority 1,149 13.9
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ This seat also saw the widest gender disparity with 10.5% of men were claimants, vs. 4.8% of women
  4. ^ This falls within the centrally coloured banding for metropolitan areas
References