Sheffield Shield

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For the competition's most recent season, see 2013–14 Sheffield Shield season.
Sheffield Shield
Sheffield Shield logo, 2011–12 season.jpg
Countries  Australia
Administrator Cricket Australia
Format first-class
First tournament 1892–93
Tournament format Double round-robin, then final
Number of teams 6
Current champion  New South Wales
Most successful  New South Wales (46 titles)
Most runs Darren Lehmann (South Australia)
13,635 runs
Most wickets Clarrie Grimmett (Victoria and South Australia)
513 wickets
TV Fox Sports
Website Cricket Australia
2013–14 Sheffield Shield season

The Sheffield Shield is the domestic first-class cricket competition of Australia. The tournament is contested between teams from the six states of Australia. Prior to the Shield being established, a number of intercolonial matches were played. The Shield, donated by Lord Sheffield, was first contested during the 1892–93 season, between New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria. Queensland was admitted for the 1926–27 season, Western Australia for the 1947–48 season and Tasmania for the 1977–78 season.

The competition is contested in a double-round robin format, with each team playing every other team in two home-and-away matches. Points are awarded based on wins, losses, draws and ties, with the top two teams playing a final at the end of the season. Regular matches last for four days; the final lasts for five days. New South Wales have won the most titles, with 45 overall.

History[edit]

In 1891–92 the Earl of Sheffield was in Australia as the promoter of the English team led by W. G. Grace. The tour included three Tests played in Melbourne, Sydney and Adelaide.

At the conclusion of the tour, Lord Sheffield donated £150 to the New South Wales Cricket Association to fund a trophy for an annual tournament of intercolonial cricket in Australia. The three colonies of New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia were already playing each other in ad hoc matches. The new tournament commenced in the summer of 1892/93, mandating home and away fixtures between each colony each season. The three teams competed for the Sheffield Shield, named after its benefactor. A Polish immigrant, Phillip Blashki,[1] won the competition to design the trophy, a 43 x 30-inch (760 mm) silver shield.

The competition therefore commenced some 15 years after Australia's first Test match.

Sponsorship and name changes[edit]

In 1999, the Australian Cricket Board (now Cricket Australia) announced a sponsorship deal which included renaming the Sheffield Shield to the Pura Milk Cup, then to the Pura Cup the following season.[2] Pura is a brand name of National Foods, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Philippines-based San Miguel Corporation. The sponsorship increased total annual prize money to A$220,000, with the winners receiving A$75,000 and the runners up A$45,000.

On 16 July 2008 it was announced that Weet-Bix would take over sponsorship of the competition from the start of the 2008–09 season, and that the name would revert to the "Sheffield Shield" or the "Sheffield Shield presented by Weet-Bix".[3] Weet-bix is a cereal biscuit manufactured by Sanitarium Health Food Company.

In the 2011-12 season, Bupa took over the sponsorship for the competition.

Teams[edit]

Australia-coloured-locator.png
  Team name
(sponsored name)
Home ground[a] First season Last title Titles
  New South Wales
(SpeedBlitz Blues)
Sydney Cricket Ground 1892–93 2013–14 46
  Queensland
(XXXX Gold Queensland Bulls)
Brisbane Cricket Ground 1926–27 2011–12 7
  South Australia
(West End Redbacks)
Adelaide Oval 1892–93 1995–96 13
  Tasmania
(PKF Tasmanian Tigers)
Bellerive Oval 1977–78 2012–13 3
  Victoria
(Commonwealth Bank Bushrangers)
Melbourne Cricket Ground 1892–93 2009–10 28
  Western Australia
(Alcohol. Think Again Warriors)
WACA Ground 1947–48 1998–99 15

a Each team has used several venues to host matches. For a full list, see list of cricket grounds in Australia.

Competition format[edit]

Each side has played each other both home and away every season with the following exceptions:

  • South Australia had no home game with: Victoria in 1901/02 or 1903/04; either opponent in 1907/08; New South Wales in 1910/11.
  • Queensland and South Australia played only once (in South Australia) in 1926/27.
  • Western Australia played each team only once from their debut in 1946/47 until 1955/56 inclusive.
  • Tasmania played each team only once from their debut in 1977/78 until 1981/82 inclusive.

Where the teams played an unequal number of games, their final points were calculated on a pro-rata basis.

Matches were timeless (i.e. played to an outright result, weather and schedule permitting) up to 1926/27. A 4-day time limit has applied since 1927/28.

Since 1982/83, the top two teams after the 10 home and away rounds have met in a final. The team with the most points hosts the final against the second ranked team. The match is played at the home ground of the top ranked team, and they only need to draw/tie that match to win the title.

Points system[edit]

A number of different systems have been used over the years. Currently, points are awarded for each match during the home and away season according to the following table.

Result Points
An outright win (irrespective of the first innings result) 6
A tie (irrespective of the first innings result) 3
A first innings lead in a drawn or lost match 2
A first innings tie in a drawn or lost match 1
A loss on the first innings 0
An outright loss after being behind on the first innings 0
Abandoned or drawn matches with no first innings result 0
  • Quotient (team's batting average divided by its bowling average) is used to separate teams which finish on an equal number of points.
  • Teams can be penalised points for failing to maintain an adequate over rate.

Previous systems[edit]

  • The Shield was initially envisaged as a match-by-match challenge trophy; it was originally determined on 4 January 1893 that it would first be awarded to the winner of the next intercolonial match (which was, in fact, the fourth of the season), and then would pass in perpetuity to any team which defeated the holder of the trophy;[4] But on 30 January, it was decided instead to award the Shield to the team which won the most intercolonial matches across the season.[5]
  • The quotient has been used as a tie-breaker for teams on equal points since 1893/94.
  • First innings points were introduced in 1932/33 and used until 1970/71.
  • Bonus points for first innings batting and bowling were used from 1971/72 to 1980/81 inclusive. During the first 100 (8-ball) overs of each side's first innings, a maximum of 10 batting bonus points could be attained. They were awarded for every 25 runs scored from 175 to 400 inclusive. A maximum of 5 bowling bonus points were available, initially upon capture of the second, fourth, sixth, eighth and last wickets. This was later changed to wickets 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 as batting teams often declared when 9 wickets down to deny the bowling side the additional bonus point.

Competition placings[edit]

Prior to the introduction of a Final in 1982/83, the team with most points after the home and away rounds was declared the winner. With the introduction of the Final, the top team hosts the second placed team in a five-day match. The visiting team must win the Final to win the championship; the home team wins the championship in the event of a tied or drawn Final. Further details including match scorecards are available at Cricinfo[6] and the Cricket Archive.[7]

1892/93 to 1914/15[edit]

  •  % – indicates tied for position
Season Winner Second Third
1892–93 Victoria South Australia % New South Wales %
1893–94 South Australia New South Wales Victoria
1894–95 Victoria South Australia New South Wales
1895–96 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1896–97 New South Wales South Australia Victoria
1897–98 Victoria South Australia New South Wales
1898–99 Victoria New South Wales South Australia
1899-00 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1900–01 Victoria New South Wales South Australia
1901–02 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1902–03 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1903–04 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1904–05 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1905–06 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1906–07 New South Wales South Australia Victoria
1907–08 Victoria South Australia New South Wales
1908–09 New South Wales South Australia Victoria
1909–10 South Australia New South Wales Victoria
1910–11 New South Wales South Australia Victoria
1911–12 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1912–13 South Australia New South Wales Victoria
1913–14 New South Wales South Australia Victoria
1914–15 Victoria New South Wales South Australia

1915/16 to 1918/19[edit]

Not contested due to World War I

1919/20 to 1939/40[edit]

Season Winner Second Third Fourth
1919–20 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1920–21 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1921–22 Victoria New South Wales South Australia
1922–23 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1923–24 Victoria New South Wales South Australia
1924–25 Victoria New South Wales South Australia
1925–26 New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1926–27 South Australia Victoria New South Wales Queensland
1927–28 Victoria South Australia New South Wales Queensland
1928–29 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia
1929–30 Victoria New South Wales South Australia Queensland
1930–31 Victoria New South Wales Queensland South Australia
1931–32 New South Wales South Australia Victoria Queensland
1932–33 New South Wales Victoria South Australia Queensland
1933–34 Victoria New South Wales South Australia Queensland
1934–35 Victoria New South Wales South Australia Queensland
1935–36 South Australia New South Wales Victoria Queensland
1936–37 Victoria South Australia New South Wales Queensland
1937–38 New South Wales South Australia Victoria Queensland
1938–39 South Australia Victoria Queensland New South Wales
1939–40 New South Wales South Australia Victoria Queensland

1940/41 to 1945/46[edit]

Not contested due to World War II

1946/47 to 1981/82[edit]

Season Winner Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth
1946–47 Victoria New South Wales Queensland South Australia
1947–48 Western Australia New South Wales South Australia Queensland Victoria
1948–49 New South Wales Victoria South Australia Queensland Western Australia
1949–50 New South Wales Victoria Western Australia Queensland South Australia
1950–51 Victoria New South Wales Western Australia Queensland South Australia
1951–52 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia
1952–53 South Australia New South Wales Victoria Western Australia Queensland
1953–54 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia
1954–55 New South Wales Victoria Western Australia Queensland South Australia
1955–56 New South Wales Victoria Queensland Western Australia South Australia
1956–57 New South Wales Queensland Victoria Western Australia South Australia
1957–58 New South Wales Victoria Queensland Western Australia South Australia
1958–59 New South Wales Queensland Victoria Western Australia South Australia
1959–60 New South Wales Victoria Western Australia Queensland South Australia
1960–61 New South Wales Victoria Western Australia Queensland South Australia
1961–62 New South Wales Queensland South Australia Victoria Western Australia
1962–63 Victoria South Australia New South Wales Western Australia Queensland
1963–64 South Australia Victoria New South Wales Queensland Western Australia
1964–65 New South Wales Victoria South Australia Western Australia Queensland
1965–66 New South Wales Western Australia South Australia Victoria Queensland
1966–67 Victoria South Australia New South Wales Western Australia Queensland
1967–68 Western Australia Victoria South Australia New South Wales Queensland
1968–69 South Australia Western Australia Queensland Victoria New South Wales
1969–70 Victoria Western Australia New South Wales South Australia Queensland
1970–71 South Australia Victoria Western Australia New South Wales Queensland
1971–72 Western Australia South Australia New South Wales Victoria Queensland
1972–73 Western Australia South Australia New South Wales Victoria Queensland
1973–74 Victoria Queensland New South Wales Western Australia South Australia
1974–75 Western Australia Queensland Victoria New South Wales South Australia
1975–76 South Australia Queensland Western Australia New South Wales Victoria
1976–77 Western Australia Victoria Queensland New South Wales South Australia
1977–78 Western Australia Queensland Victoria South Australia New South Wales Tasmania
1978–79 Victoria Western Australia New South Wales Queensland South Australia Tasmania
1979–80 Victoria South Australia New South Wales Queensland Western Australia Tasmania
1980–81 Western Australia New South Wales Queensland Victoria Tasmania South Australia
1981–82 South Australia New South Wales Western Australia Tasmania Queensland Victoria

1982/83 to date[edit]

Season Winner Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth
1982–83 New South Wales Western Australia South Australia Tasmania Queensland Victoria
1983–84 Western Australia Queensland Tasmania New South Wales South Australia Victoria
1984–85 New South Wales Queensland South Australia Western Australia Victoria Tasmania
1985–86 New South Wales Queensland Victoria Western Australia South Australia Tasmania
1986–87 Western Australia Victoria Queensland South Australia New South Wales Tasmania
1987–88 Western Australia Queensland New South Wales Victoria South Australia Tasmania
1988–89 Western Australia South Australia Queensland New South Wales Tasmania Victoria
1989–90 New South Wales Queensland South Australia Tasmania Western Australia Victoria
1990–91 Victoria New South Wales Queensland Western Australia South Australia Tasmania
1991–92 Western Australia New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Tasmania
1992–93 New South Wales Queensland Western Australia South Australia Tasmania Victoria
1993–94 New South Wales Tasmania Western Australia Victoria South Australia Queensland
1994–95 Queensland South Australia Victoria Western Australia New South Wales Tasmania
1995–96 South Australia Western Australia Queensland Tasmania New South Wales Victoria
1996–97 Queensland Western Australia New South Wales Tasmania Victoria South Australia
1997–98 Western Australia Tasmania Queensland New South Wales Victoria South Australia
1998–99 Western Australia Queensland Victoria South Australia Tasmania New South Wales
1999-00 Queensland Victoria Western Australia South Australia Tasmania New South Wales
2000–01 Queensland Victoria New South Wales Tasmania Western Australia South Australia
2001–02 Queensland Tasmania Western Australia South Australia Victoria New South Wales
2002–03 New South Wales Queensland Victoria South Australia Western Australia Tasmania
2003–04 Victoria Queensland Tasmania Western Australia New South Wales South Australia
2004–05 New South Wales Queensland Western Australia Victoria South Australia Tasmania
2005–06 Queensland Victoria South Australia Tasmania Western Australia New South Wales
2006–07 Tasmania New South Wales Victoria Queensland Western Australia South Australia
2007–08 New South Wales Victoria Western Australia Tasmania South Australia Queensland
2008–09 Victoria Queensland South Australia Tasmania Western Australia New South Wales
2009–10 Victoria Queensland New South Wales Western Australia Tasmania South Australia
2010–11 Tasmania New South Wales Queensland Western Australia Victoria South Australia
2011–12 Queensland Tasmania Victoria Western Australia New South Wales South Australia
2012–13 Tasmania Queensland New South Wales Victoria Western Australia South Australia
2013–14 New South Wales Western Australia South Australia Queensland Tasmania Victoria

Player of the year[edit]

The Player of the Year award is announced at the end of each season.[8] Since its inception in 1976 it has been awarded to the best-performed player/s over the season, as determined a panel of judges. Victorian and South Australian batsman Matthew Elliott has won the award the most times, being awarded Player of the Year on three separate occasions.

Season Winner(s)
1975–76 Ian Chappell (SA), Greg Chappell (QLD)
1976–77 Richie Robinson (VIC)
1977–78 David Ogilvie (QLD)
1978–79 Peter Sleep (SA)
1979–80 Ian Chappell (SA)
1980–81 Greg Chappell (QLD)
1981–82 Kepler Wessels (QLD)
1982–83 Kim Hughes (WA)
1983–84 Brian Davison (TAS), John Dyson (NSW)
1984–85 David Boon (TAS)
1985–86 Allan Border (QLD)
1986–87 Craig McDermott (QLD)
1987–88 Dirk Tazelaar (QLD), Mark Waugh (NSW)
1988–89 Tim May (SA)
1989–90 Mark Waugh (NSW)
1990–91 Stuart Law (QLD)
1991–92 Tony Dodemaide (VIC)
1992–93 Jamie Siddons (SA)
1993–94 Matthew Hayden (QLD)
1994–95 Dean Jones (VIC)
1995–96 Matthew Elliott (VIC)
1996–97 Andy Bichel (QLD)
1997–98 Dene Hills (TAS)
1998–99 Matthew Elliott (VIC)
1999-00 Darren Lehmann (SA)
2000–01 Jamie Cox (TAS)
2001–02 Brad Hodge (VIC), Jimmy Maher (QLD)
2002–03 Clinton Perren (QLD)
2003–04 Matthew Elliott (VIC)
2004–05 Michael Bevan (TAS)
2005–06 Andy Bichel (QLD)
2006–07 Chris Rogers (WA)
2007–08 Simon Katich (NSW)
2008–09 Phillip Hughes (NSW)
2009–10 Chris Hartley (QLD)
2010–11 James Hopes (QLD)
2011–12 Jackson Bird (Tas)
2012–13 Ricky Ponting (Tas)
2013–14 Marcus North (WA)

Records[edit]

Individual records[edit]

Most matches played[edit]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 161 Jamie Cox (TAS) 1987–88 – 2005–06
2 159 John Inverarity (WA/SA) 1962–63 – 1984–85
3 147 Darren Lehmann (SA/VIC) 1987–88 – 2007–08
4 146 Jamie Siddons (VIC/SA) 1984–85 – 1999-00
5 142 Stuart Law (QLD) 1987–88 – 2003–04
Source: [1]. Last updated: 22 March 2012.

Players representing three states[edit]

Player Career States Matches
Graeme Watson 1964-65 – 1976-77 NSW, Vic, WA 60
Gary Cosier 1971-72 – 1980-81 Vic, SA, Qld 46
Trevor Chappell 1972-73 – 1984-85 NSW, SA, WA 63
Rod McCurdy 1980-81 – 1984-85 SA, Tas, Vic 33
Dirk Wellham 1980-81 – 1991-92 NSW, Qld, Tas 99
Michael Bevan 1989-90 – 2006-07 SA, NSW, Tas 118
Shane Watson 2000-01 – 2009-10 Tas, Qld, NSW 81
Aiden Blizzard Vic,SA,Tas

Source: A Century of Summers: 100 years of Sheffield Shield cricket, Geoff Armstrong, p. 278. Last updated: 30 Nov 2008.

Team records[edit]

Team results[edit]

Rank Team Entered Matches Won Lost Drawn Tied  % Won
1  New South Wales 1892–93 793 337 224 231 1 42.49
2  Victoria 1892–93 786 302 226 257 1 38.42
3  Western Australia 1947–48 557 193 172 192 0 34.64
4  Queensland 1926–27 678 206 232 239 1 30.38
5  South Australia 1892–93 779 215 356 207 1 27.59
6  Tasmania 1977–78 331 79 122 130 0 23.86
Win percentage now includes drawn matches.

Source: [2]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

Highest team totals[edit]

Rank Total Team Opponent Venue Season
1 1107  Victoria  New South Wales Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 1926–27
2 918  New South Wales  South Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1900–01
3 900-6d  Queensland  Victoria Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 2005–06
4 821-7d  South Australia  Queensland Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 1939–40
5 815  New South Wales  Victoria Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1908–09
Source: [3]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

Lowest team totals[edit]

Rank Total Team Opponent Venue Season
1 27  South Australia  New South Wales Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1955–56
2 29  South Australia  New South Wales Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2004-05
3 31  Victoria  New South Wales Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 1906–07
4 35  Victoria  New South Wales Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1926–27
5 41  Western Australia  South Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 1989–90
Source: [4]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

Batting records[edit]

Highest individual scores[edit]

Rank Runs Player Match Venue Season
1 452* Don Bradman (NSW) New South Wales v Queensland Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1929–30
2 437 Bill Ponsford (VIC) Victoria v Queensland Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 1927–28
3 365* Clem Hill (SA) South Australia v New South Wales Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 1900–01
4 359 Bob Simpson (NSW) New South Wales v Queensland Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 1963–64
5 357 Don Bradman (SA) South Australia v Victoria Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 1935–36
Source: [5]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

Most career runs[edit]

Rank Runs Player Career
1 13,635 (266 inns.) Darren Lehmann (SA/VIC) 1987–88 – 2007–08
2 10,821 (295 inns.) Jamie Cox (TAS) 1987–88 – 2005–06
3 10,643 (259 inns.) Jamie Siddons (VIC/SA) 1984–85 – 1999-00
4 10,621 (211 inns.) Michael Bevan (SA/NSW/TAS) 1989–90 – 2006–07
5 10,474 (254 inns.) Brad Hodge (VIC) 1993–94 – 2009–10
Source: [6]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

Most runs in a season[edit]

Rank Runs Player Average Season
1 1,506 (17 inns.) Simon Katich (NSW) 94.12 2007–08
2 1,464 (18 inns.) Michael Bevan (TAS) 97.60 2004–05
3 1,381 (20 inns.) Matthew Elliott (VIC) 81.23 2003–04
4 1,254 (18 inns.) Graham Yallop (VIC) 69.66 1982–83
5 1,240 (20 inns.) Michael Bevan (NSW) 82.66 1993–94
Source: [7]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

Highest batting averages[edit]

Rank Average Player Career
1 110.19 (96 inns.) Don Bradman (NSW/SA) 1927–28 – 1948–49
2 83.27 (70 inns.) Bill Ponsford (VIC) 1920–21 – 1933–34
3 70.88 (95 inns.) Alan Kippax (NSW) 1918–19 – 1935–36
4 68.00 (81 inns.) Monty Noble (NSW) 1893–94 – 1919–20
5 67.03 (64 inns.) Bill Woodfull (VIC) 1921–22 – 1933–34
Qualification: 20 innings.

Source: [8]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

Most centuries[edit]

Rank Centuries Player Matches
1 45 Darren Lehmann (SA/VIC) 147
2 42 Michael Bevan (SA/NSW/TAS) 118
3 36 Don Bradman (NSW/SA) 62
4 32 Matthew Elliott (VIC/SA) 122
5 31 Dean Jones (VIC) 110
Source: [9]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

Bowling records[edit]

Most career wickets[edit]

Rank Wickets Player Matches Average
1 513 Clarrie Grimmett (VIC/SA) 79 25.29
2 441 Michael Kasprowicz (QLD) 101 24.56
3 430 Andy Bichel (QLD) 89 23.24
4 419 Jo Angel (WA) 105 24.86
5 384 Terry Alderman (WA) 97 24.21
Source: [10]. Last updated: 22 March 2012.

Most wickets in a season[edit]

Rank Wickets Player Matches Season
1 67 Colin Miller (TAS) 11 1997–98
2 65 Shaun Tait (SA) 10 2004–05
3 60 Chuck Fleetwood-Smith (VIC) 6 1934–35
4 60 Andy Bichel (QLD) 11 2004–05
5 60 Ben Hilfenhaus (TAS) 11 2006–07
Source: [11]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

Best career average[edit]

Rank Average Player Balls Wickets
1 17.10 Bill O'Reilly (NSW) 10,740 203
2 17.74 Joel Garner (SA) 2,419 55
3 17.87 Geff Noblet (SA) 11,156 190
4 18.09 Pat Crawford (NSW) 2,517 61
5 19.08 CTB Turner (NSW) 3,920 73
Qualification: 2000 balls bowled.

Source: [12]. Last updated: 31 May 2007.

Wicket-keeping records[edit]

Most dismissals[edit]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches
1 546 (499 c. 47 st.) Darren Berry (SA/VIC) 139
2 488 (474 c. 14 st.) Wade Seccombe (QLD) 101
3 351 (342 c. 9 st.) Chris Hartley (QLD) 79
4 350 (322 c. 28 st.) Tim Zoehrer (WA) 107
5 344 (311 c. 33 st.) Rod Marsh (WA) 86
Source: [13]. Last updated: 21 March 2012.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.join.org.au/letters/tubshvat.htm
  2. ^ Rick Eyre (17 November 1999). Cricinfo article "Aussie state champions to drink from the Milk Cup". Cricinfo. Retrieved 2008-07-16. 
  3. ^ "Cricket Australia and Weet-Bix bring Sheffield Shield back". Cricket Australia. 16 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  4. ^ "The Sheffield Shield". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA). 5 January 1893. p. 7. 
  5. ^ "Correspondence". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA). 22 February 1893. p. 4. 
  6. ^ http://stats.cricinfo.com/australia/engine/records/index.html?id=114;type=trophy
  7. ^ http://www.cricketarchive.com/Archive/Events/AUS.html
  8. ^ "Pura Cup Player of the Year". Cricinfo.com. 
  • The History of the Sheffield Shield, Chris Harte
  • A Century of Summers: 100 years of Sheffield Shield cricket, Geoff Armstrong
  • A History of Australian Cricket 1993, Chris Harte