|Sheikh Man Haron Monis|
|شيخ مأن هارون مؤنس|
1964 (age 49–50)
|Based in||Sydney Australia|
|Title||Ayatollah (Manteghi Boroujerdi)|
Haron was born Manteghi Bourjerdi in Iran where, as an ayatollah, his liberal interpretation of Islam led to the detention of his wife and children. Bourjerdi fled Iran to Australia and changed his name to Man Haron Monis, assuming the title of Sheikh Haron.
Haron is notable for the campaign undertaken by him and his colleague, Amirah Droudis, protesting the presence of Australian troops in Afghanistan, which takes the form of letters sent to the families of fallen soldiers in which he denigrates the soldiers as murderers, and urged the soldiers' families to petition the government to remove its troops from Afghanistan. Haron was arrested on charges of "using a postal or similar service to menace, harass or cause offence".
On 10 November 2009 Haron appeared in court and claimed through his lawyers to be a peace activist. He later chained himself to the courthouse in protest over the charges. Haron was subsequently barred by the courts from expanding his protest to include letters to UK soldiers' families.
In December 2011, Haron appeared before the Court of Criminal Appeal in Sydney arguing that the charges against him were invalid because they infringed on his implied constitutional freedom of political communication, but the three-judge panel unanimously dismissed his case.
Upon further appeal to the High Court of Australia, the six-judge panel split 3-3 over the issue. Although the High Court of Australia normally comprises seven judges, one seat was vacant and as yet unfilled at the time Haron's case appeared before the court.</ref> Failing to achieve a majority vote in Haron's favor, the lower court's unanimous decision was left to stand.
On 15 November 2013, Haron was charged by NSW Police with being an accessory before and after the fact to the murder of Noleen Hayson Pal, allegedly stabbed and set alight in a Werrington apartment stairwell on 21 April 2013. His partner Amirah Droudis, was formerly charged with Pal's murder.
On 12 December 2013, Haron and Amirah were given bail at Penrith Local Court. Magistrate Darryl Pearce said there wew significant flaws in the Crown's case against the pair. "It is a weak case'" he said. Prosecutor Brian Royce said Monis' claims the Iranian Secret Police and ASIO were trying to frame him for the murder was fanciful. Magistrate Pearce said all theories needed to be examined.
On 22 January 2014, Haron told magistrate Joan Baptie that he was representing himself and proceeded to talk about documents ASIO has on him that he wanted to see. He told the court he has been charged in connection to the murder of his ex-wife because ASIO is conspiring against him to have him jailed. But Magistrate Baptie told him she cannot order ASIO to release documents about him. Haron stood outside the Parramatta Local Court wearing chains and holding a sign claiming he has been tortured in jail. He said: "This is not a criminal case. This is a political case."
- "New Cardinals for Rome, George Bush, Muslims in Australia". The Religion Report. Radio National. 31 January 2001. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- AAP (6 September 2013). "Sheik says letters were flowers of advice". SBS News (sbs.com.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- Hoerr, Karl (22 November 2013). "'Hate mail' suspect protests against 'misinterpretation'". Lateline (abc.net.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- AAP (10 November 2009). "Controversial Sheik in chains outside court". SBS News (sbs.com.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- AAP (9 February 2010). "Sheik banned from sending offensive mail". SBS News (sbs.com.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- AAP (6 December 2011). "Cleric loses appeal over dead soldier hate mail". ABC News (abc.net.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- Carrick, Damien (5 March 2013). "High court divided on freedom of speech". Law Report (abc.net.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- Byrne, Elizabeth (27 February 2013). "High Court dismisses appeal over letters to dead soldiers' families". ABC News (abc.net.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- AAP (22 November 2013). "Self-styled Muslim sheikh faces court on accessory to murder charge". ABC News (abc.net.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- AAP (12 December 2013). "Murder case against Man Haron Monis and partner weak: magistrate". The Australian (theaustralian.com.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- News Limited (13 December 2013). "Hate sheikh Man Haron Monis and girlfriend Amirah Droudis granted bail on murder charges". The Telegraph News (dailytelegraph.com.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- ABC News (22 January 2014). "Controversial Sheikh Haron faces accessory to ex wife's murder charge". ABC News (abc.net.au). Retrieved 8 February 2014.