|• Total||5,960 km2 (2,300 sq mi)|
|Elevation||236 m (774 ft)|
|• Estimate (2006)||400,000|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Number of Union councils||51|
Sheikhupura (Urdu: شَيخُوپُورہ) (Punjabi: شیخاپورا) original name Virkgarh, is an industrial city and capital of Sheikhupura District in the province of Punjab about 35 km northwest of Lahore in Pakistan. It is commonly known locally as Qila Sheikhupura, because of the fort (Urdu: qila) in the city, constructed by the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. The name of the town and its fort was changed by him to Sheikhupura from earlier Virkgarh, deriving from a nickname of Jahangir, who was known as Sheikhu by his father Akbar the Great. The city is the headquarters of Sheikhupura District.
The history of Sheikhupura goes back to 100 BC. Historical research has established the fact that Sangla or Sakala was the capital of Punjab once, and it was here that Alexander the Great of Macedonia (known locally as Sikandar e Azam) fought one of his most serious battles of his career. Its name is spoken of, firstly in the pages of Tuzk-e-Jahangiri as Jahangirpura, after the name of Prince Salim Nur u Din Muhammad Jahangir.The fourth Mughal emperor of India named Jahangir changed the name of the city from Virkgarh to Sheikhupura. This area belongs to the Virk Jats.
Mughal Emperor Nor-u-Din Muhammad Jahangir renamed Virkgarh to his nickname of Sheikhu. In 1607, Sheikhupura fort was constructed following an order of Jahangir. The father of Jahangir, Emperor Jalal-uddin Mohammad Akbar used to call him Sheikhu (a nickname).
During the reign of Emperor Jahangir (1605 to 1627), Sheikhupura had the status of royal hunting ground. In Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, Jahangir wrote during the events in 1607:
|“||On the day of Tuesday, I reside in Jahangirpura, my hunting ground. According to my order, a Minar and a grave for my deer, Mansraj, were constructed here.||”|
Over the whole district, the period between the decline of the Mughal Empire after the death of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and the rise of Sikh confederacies was one of utter confusion and anarchy. The successive shocks of invasion from the northwest, and the devastation caused again and again by the invading armies of Nadir Shah.
Nader Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali (1724–1773) almost completely ruined the prosperity of the tract. After the death of Aurangazeb, Muslim power declined and the Sikhs who occupied the region and ruled through various misls or small to medium sized groups. Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali led raids that further weakened local Muslim rule. Several raids were made by the Bhangi Sardars, a Sikh community. Around 1780, Ranjit Singh, a Sikh ruler defeated the grandson of Ahmad Shah Abdali and later occupied this district. In 1841 the Maharani Jindin was confined in this fort under the supervision of one of eminent general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Sardar Gurmukh Singh Lamba Who's portrait painting is displayed at Central Museum Lahore at serial D-40 ,along with Sardar Bur Singh of Mukaria,till the disturbances of Multan.<< The Chief of Punjab-Sir Lepel Griffin.>> The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. The Sikhs were defeated by the British around 1850 and it stayed under British rule until 1947.
In 1851, Sheikhupura Tehsil became part of Gujranwala District. The Artimapal Secretary Chief Commissioner Lahore wrote a letter to the Department of Wealth in 1855 to combine the Sheikhupura Tehsil with the Lahore District but it was never done. As soon as it became a District Zillah in 1919, a lot of lawyers came to practice. Under Sir Ganga Ram, district courts and hospitals were constructed in the city.
Language and Demography
As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, Punjabi language is spoken by 95%. Punjabi dialects spoken in the city are
Other Languages include:
- Urdu being national language is spoken and understood.
- English is also understood and spoken by the sizable educated people.
With the modest figure of 22,300 in 1951, the population of Sheikhupura has increased more than tenfold to more than 300,000 in half a century. In recent decades, the rate of growth has increased due to growing agricultural and industrial activities. The current population has been growing steadily and is projected to exceed to 700,000 by 2019.
As a satellite town of Lahore, Sheikhupura has developed an industrial base. According to the Census of Manufacturing Industries of 1987–1988, the value-added generated in large-scale industries was higher in Sheikhupura than in Lahore. The GRP of the city for the year 1993 has been estimated as Rs. 6,260 million, that constitutes about 32% of the district's GRP. The industrial sector contributes with 68% to the GRP and 45% to the total employment. The total number of establishments in the city has been estimated to be between 11,500 and 120,000 for 1993.
Education in Sheikhupura
There are numerous private & Government Schools & Colleges.
- Science Foundation High School Housing Colony
- Punjab Public School Housing colony
- Sir Syed Model School
- The international School System
- National Model School
- Pakistan International Public School
- Fatima Memorial Islamic School
- Allied School
- Dar-e-Arqam school
- The Spirit School
- The City School System
- Bloomfield Hall School
- Sheikhupura Grammar School
- Govt. Post Graduate College
- Govt. P.G. College For Women
- Govt. Commercial College
- Govt. High School
- Govt. Comprehensive High School
- Govt. Liaqat High School
- Govt. Tariq High School
- Govt. Islamia High School
- Beacon House School System
- National Model High School
- St. Marry's School
- Fauji Foundation Model School
- OPF public High School
- Punjab college of commerce & law
- Muhammadan Law College
- City Law College
- Punjab college of Science
- Lahore polytechnic institute
- Farabi College
- Superior college
- Good Shephered College
- Farabi College of Commerce
- Faran Model high School
- University of Central Punjab Shiekhupura campus
- University of South Asia Sheikhupura Campus
- Virtual University of Pakistan
- Govt. Post Graduate College For Boys
- Govt Post Graduate College For Women
- Govt Peer Bahar Shah College For Women
Government Post Graduate College
The Government of Punjab established a Higher Secondary school in 1957 which was later upgraded to Intermediate college. In 1959, the Government donated 379 canal Crown Land for construction of Degree college. In 1970, both Inter and degree colleges were merged into present building. College was upgraded to post graduate level in 1998. College is located on Lahore Sargodha road behind canal rest house, in civil lines area at end of college Road, just half a kilometre from district Courts of Sheikhupura.
Sheikhupura has a number of historical places attractive to its visitors:
- Hiran Minar, situated 3 km from city Sheikhupura.
- Sheikhupura Fort (Qila Sheikhupura)
- Tahir Bagh in city Sheikhupura.
- Tomb of Shah Jamal in city Sheikhupura.
- Muqadssa-e-Mariam (Sacred Place for Christian Community)
- Sacha Sodha, farooq abadA Gurudawara is present here which is holly place for Sikh community, Farooq Abad 14 km from Sheikhupura.
- Shrine of Mian Sher Muhammad Sharaqpuri is located at Sharaqpur Sharif neaely 30 km from Sheikhupura.
- Shrine of Syed Pir Bahar Shah is located near Bati Choak, in city Sheikhupura.
- Shrine of Syed Waras Ali Shah is located at Jandiala Sher Khan, 11 km from city Sheikhupura.
Sheikhupura Stadium is a much-use stadium in Sheikhpura. It is currently used mostly for cricket matches. The stadium holds 15,000 spectators and hosted its first test match in 1996. Famous Cricketer Wasim Akram scored his best score at this venue. There is also a hockey stadium named after Saeed Anwar Malik (former legend hockey Olympian), a public park, a gymnasium, electronic scoreboard, and stadium shopping center in the neighbourhood.
- Rana Naved-ul-Hasan, born in Sheikhupura, went on to achieve international success playing for the Pakistan National Cricket Team, representing in One Day Internationals, Tests and T20s.
- Saeed Anwar played three Olympics for Pakistan hockey team.
- Anjum Saeed played one Olympics for Pakistan hockey team.
- Aaqib Javed played as fast bowler for Pakistan cricket team. He represented the national team in One Day Internationals and Tests.
- Mohammad Asif a right arm medium fast bowler in cricket.
Sheikhupura city has a number of localities, each with different environment.
- Civil Lines.
- Jandyala Road.
- Fish Farm.
- Fazal Colony.
- Gloria Colony
- Tufail Shaheed Road
- Pehalvi Road
- Noor Muhammad Road
- College Road
- Shami Road
- Sarwar Road
- Hali Road
- Shibli Road.
- Jinnah Park Area. (The Heart of Sheikhupura)
- Iqbal Park Area.
- Purana Shehr (old city).
- Ghang Road.
- Tariq Road.
- Shoukat Ali Road.
- Khalid Road.
- Nehri Quarters.
- Rasul Nagar.
- Qazi Park
- Habib Colony
- Bihari Colony.
- Housing colony.
- New Civil Lines.
- Bhiki Road.
- Nabi pura.
- VIP gardens.
- Green Valley.
- Sheikhu Villas.
- Sheraz garden
- Al-Raheem garden.
- Al-Hilal town.
- Joyan wala.
- Ecommunity Housing.
- Judicial Colony.
- Khokhar town.
- Capri Park.
- Kot Hussain.
Malik anwar road civil lines
There are only some limited parks in the city which are not well-developed. The Government is trying to increase the number of parks and reform the existing parks so that the citizens can have fun there. Some parks are:
- Ayesha Park located in Civil Lines
- Company Park
- Jinnah Park
- Fatima Park
- Jillani Garden
- Stadium Park
- Hockey Ground
- Basket Ball court
ATA ABA COLONY REHMAT COLLONY◌
Restaurants and Hotels
The number of restaurants and hotels are increasing day by day. Recently, Civil Quarters Road's name has changed to Food Street and almost all the restaurants are located there.The most important restaurant here is Ambrosia Plate, which is considered to be a trend setter of fast food in Sheikhpura.The restaurant is located in Shaheen Center, Civil Quarters Road.
- Sheikhupura District
- Hiran Minar
- All about Sheikhupura
- Khanqa Dogran
- Nankana Sahib
- Sangla Hill
- National Model School Sheikhupura
- Kot Dayal Das
- District Profile: Central Punjab- Sheikhupura
- PROSPECTUS Govt. Post Graduate College Sheikhupura. Gazzete notifications of govt. of the Punjab.