Sheila Hicks

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"May I Have This Dance" 2003, by Sheila Hicks, Photograph by Cristobal Zañartu
Sheila Hicks portrait by Cristobal Zañartu

Sheila Hicks (born in Hastings, Nebraska, 1934)[1] is an American artist who has lived and worked in Paris, France since 1964. Prior to that she lived in Guerrero, Mexico (1959–63).

Early life and education[edit]

Sheila Hicks attended Yale University School of Art and Architecture in Connecticut (1954-1959), where she gained a BFA in painting (1957) and MFA in painting (1959)[2] and studied with Josef Albers, Rico Lebrun, Bernard Chaet, Jose de Riviera, Herbert Mather, Norman Ives, Gabor Peterdi, George Kubler, George Heard Hamilton, and Vincent Scully. Along with George Kubler, independently, Junius Bird of the American Museum of Natural History and Anni Albers were advisors for her thesis, "Pre-Incaic Textiles".[1] Hicks was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to study and paint in Chile (1957–58); she photographed archeological sites in Peru and Bolivia.

In 1959 she was awarded a grant by Henri Peyre, Sterling Professor at Yale University, to study in France. Upon completion, she moved to Mexico and, inspired by pre-Columbian textiles and indigenous culture, established her first weaving studio in Taxco el Viejo. While in Mexico, she worked on textile projects for Mathias Goeritz, Luis Barragán, Ricardo Legoretta and Knoll International. With her Rolleiflex, she photographed the experimental architecture of Felix Candela in preparation for a documentary film.[3]

She relocated to Paris, France in 1964 and founded Atelier des Grands Augustins, where she worked on large-scale, site-specific textile-based projects.[1]

Lianes Nantaises, Trélazé, 2005
Sheila Hicks, by Monique Lévi-Strauss, 1973

Work[edit]

In 2010 a retrospective exhibition of Hicks' 50-year career originated at the Addison Gallery in Andover, Mass. with additional venues at the ICA in Philadelphia, and at The Mint Museum in Charlotte, North Carolina. [4] This included both miniature works, which Hicks calls "minimes" and large scale sculpture. [1] She also makes larger (sometimes monumental) works, wall hangings and sculptures. Her pieces are often vibrantly colored and materially diverse.[5]

In 2013, the 18-foot high Pillar of Inquiry/Supple Column was included in the Whitney Biennale.

Hicks' work can be found in private and public collections, including: Ford Foundation, NY, 1967; Georg Jensen Center for Advanced Design, NY; Air France Boeing 747 planes, 1969–74; TWA terminal at JFK Airport, NY, 1973; CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System), NY; Rochester Institute of Technology, NY; Banque Rothschild, Paris, France; Francis Bouygues, Paris, France; IBM, Paris, France, 1972; Kodak, Paris, France ; Fiat Tower, Paris, Franc; MGIC Investment Corporation, Milwaukee, WI; King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1983 ; Kellogg’s, Michigan; Fuji City, Cultural Center, Japan, 1999; Institute of Advance Study, Princeton, NJ; Target Headquarters, Minneapolis, MN, 2003; SD26 Restaurant, NY, 2009; Ford Foundation (reconstructed), NY, 2013–14; Foundation Louis Vuitton, Boulogne, France, 2014-15

Solo exhibitions[edit]

1958 Tejidos, National Museum of Natural History, Santiago, Chile; pinturas de s.a.w. hicks—fotografias de Sergio larrain, Museo de Bellas Artes, Santiago, Chile

1961 Tejidos—Sheila Hicks, Galeria Antonio Souza, Mexico, D.F.

1963 The Textiles of Sheila Hicks, Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, USA Sheila Hicks, Knoll International, Nuremberg, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Cologne, Berlin, Frankfurt & Stuttgart, Germany; Basel, Switzerland; London, UK

1965 Woven Forms and Sculpture: Sheila Hicks, Interiors International (Knoll), London, England Gewebte Formen, Landesmuseum, Oldenburg, Germany

1970 Fete du Fil, Institut Franco-Americain de Rennes, France; Forme in Faden, Buchholz Gallery, Munich, Germany; American Library, Brussels, Belgium

1971 Formes de Fil, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Brest, France

1972 Fils Dansants, Tapis aux Murs de Sheila Hicks, American Cultural Center, Dakar, Senegal; Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire; American Center, Milan, Italy

1974 Sheila Hicks, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

1976 Tapisserie Mise en Liberte; Ancient Peruvian Textiles and the Work of Sheila Hicks, Maison de la Culture, Rennes, France

1977 Muzeja savremene umetnosti, Belgrade; Museum of Art, Skopje, Macedonia; Museum of Contemporary Art, Dubrovnic, Yugoslavia; Biblioteca Americana, Bucharest, Romania

1978 Tons and Masses, Sheila Hicks, Lunds Konsthall, Lund, Sweden

1979 Suite Ouessantine, Musée de Beaux-Arts, Brest, France Inhabited, American Center, Paris, France

1980 Free Fall, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel; Small Jump, American Cultural Centre, Tel Aviv, Israel

1981 Carte Blanche, Musée des Beaux Arts, Rennes, France

1987 Textile, Texture, Texte, Musée de Beaux Arts, Pau, France

1991 Soft Logic, Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea; Centre Culturel Francais, Seoul, Korea

1992 Cultural Exchange, Walker’s Point Center of the Arts, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Sheila Hicks v Prague, Umeleckoprumyslove Muzeum, Prague, Czechoslovakia

1993 Small Works, Saka Gallery, Tokyo, Japan

1994 Textile Magiker: Sheila Hicks-Junichi Arai, Textile Museet, Boras, Sweden

1996 Art of Sheila Hicks, Museum of Nebraska Art, Kearney, Nebraska

1997 Sheila Hicks: The Making of a Doncho, Municipal Cultural Center Gallery, Kiryu, Gunma, Japan

1999 Sheila Hicks: Seeds to the Wind, Contemporary Art Center of Virginia, Virginia Beach, Virginia

2007 Entrelacs de Sheila Hicks. Textiles et vanneries d’Afrique et d’Océanie de la collection Ghysels, Passage de Retz, Paris France

2008 Sheila Hicks Minimes: Small Woven Works, Davis & Langdale Company, Inc. New York, NY

2010 Sheila Hicks: 50 Years, Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA,[1] Institute of Contemporary Art Philadelphia, PA, and Mint Museum of Craft and Design, Charlotte, NC; Sheila Hicks: Hors norms, sculptures textiles, Passage de Retz, Paris, France

2011 Sheila Hicks - One Hundred Minimes, The Museum of Decorative Arts (UPM), Prague, The Czech Republic; Sheila Hicks - 100 Minimes, Boijmans van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

2012 Sheila Hicks, Sikkema Jenkins & Co., New York

2013 Pêcher dans la Rivière, Alison Jacques Gallery, London, UK

2014 Sheila Hicks, Sikkema Jenkins & Co., New York

Awards and recognition[edit]

Fulbright grant to paint in Chile, 1957–58;

Fribourg grant to paint in France, 1959–60;

Medal, American Institute of Architects, USA, 1975;

H.W. Janson Distinguished Visiting Professor of Art, Middlebury College,Vermont,1980;

Fellow, American Craft Council, New York, NY, 1983;

Honorary Doctorate, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI, 1984;

Silver Medal of Fine Arts, French Academy of Architecture, Paris, France 1985;

Chevalier de l’ordre des Arts et des Lettres, Ministry of Culture, Paris, France,1987;

Officier de l’ordre des Arts et des Lettres, Ministry of Culture, Paris, France, 1993;

Gold Medal, American Crafts Council, NY, 1997;

The Textile Museum, 25 Year Honoree, Washington, D.C., 2007;

Smithsonian Archives of American Art, Lifetime Achievement Award, 2010;

Honorary Doctorate, Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris, 2014

[6]

Museum Collections[edit]

.[7] Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA; The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL; Bielefeld Museum, Germany; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; The National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH; Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, NY; Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO; Industriet Museum, Oslo, Norway; Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ; Kustgewerbemuseum, Zurich, Switzerland; Kunstmuseum, Oldenburg, Germany; Manufacture des Gobelins, Paris, France; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY; Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI; Minneapolis Institute of Art, MN; The Mint Museum, Charlotte, NC; Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France; Musée des Beaux Arts, Brest, France; Musée des Beaux Arts, Pau, France; Musée de la Mode et du Textile, Paris, France; Musée de la Tapisserie, Angers, France; Museo de Bellas Artes, Santiago, Chile; Museo Universitario de Arte Contemporáneo, Mexico City, Mexico; Museum of Art and Design, New York, NY; Museum of Decorative Arts, Prague, Czech Republic; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA; Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, Japan; Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan; The Museum of Nebraska Art, Kearney, NE; The North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, ND; Okawa Museum, Kiryu, Japan; Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA; The Renwick Gallery, Washington, D.C., MD; Saint Louis Art Museum, MO; The Smart Museum, Chicago, IL; Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Tate Museum, London; Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK; Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT; Yale Art Gallery, New Haven, CT; National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Sheila Hicks", by Monique Lévi-Strauss, Pierre Horay, editeur, Paris, and Suzy Langlois, Art Mural, 1973. ISBN 2-7058-0009-3
  • Faxon, Susan C., Joan Simon and Whitney Chadwick: "Sheila Hicks: 50 Years", Yale University Press/Addison Gallery of American Art, 2010, ISBN 978-0-300-12164-3.
  • Danto, Arthur Coleman, Joan Simon, Nina Stritzler-Levine, and the Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design, and Culture: Sheila Hicks weaving as metaphor, Yale University Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-300-11685-4.
  • One Work: Sheila Hicks at the Mint, published by The Mint Museum, Charlotte, North Carolina in association with Yale University Press, New Haven and London. 2012. ISBN 978-0-300-19085-4. Designed by Irma Boom, Amsterdam.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Sebastian Smee (November 14, 2010). "Sheila Hicks, weaving her own fabric of modernism". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  2. ^ Lévi-Strauss, Monique (2004 February 3-March 11). "Oral history interview with Sheila Hicks, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2014-09-16.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ "Sheila Hicks", by Monique Lévi-Strauss, Pierre Horay, editeur, Paris, and Suzy Langlois, Art Mural, 1973. ISBN 2-7058-0009-3
  4. ^ *Faxon, Susan C., Joan Simon and Whitney Chadwick: "Sheila Hicks: 50 Years", Yale University Press/Addison Gallery of American Art, 2010, ISBN 978-0-300-12164-3.
  5. ^ Camhi, Leslie (March 31, 2011). "A Career Woven From Life". The New York Times Art & Design. The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-09-16. 
  6. ^ Sheila Hicks Weaving as Metaphor, Arthur Danto, Joan Simon, Nina Stritzler-Levine, and the Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design, and Culture, Yale University Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-300-11685-4
  7. ^ *Faxon, Susan C., Joan Simon and Whitney Chadwick: "Sheila Hicks: 50 Years", Yale University Press/Addison Gallery of American Art, 2010, ISBN 978-0-300-12164-3.

External links[edit]