Shelbyville, Indiana

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Shelbyville, Indiana
City
Aerial photo of Shelbyville.
Aerial photo of Shelbyville.
Motto: "Pride in Progress"
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 39°31′19″N 85°46′35″W / 39.52194°N 85.77639°W / 39.52194; -85.77639Coordinates: 39°31′19″N 85°46′35″W / 39.52194°N 85.77639°W / 39.52194; -85.77639
Country United States
State Indiana
County Shelby
Township Addison
Government
 • Mayor Tom DeBaun (D)
Area[1]
 • Total 11.84 sq mi (30.67 km2)
 • Land 11.56 sq mi (29.94 km2)
 • Water 0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)  2.36%
Elevation 764 ft (233 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 19,191
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 19,159
 • Density 1,660.1/sq mi (641.0/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 46176
Area code(s) 317
FIPS code 18-69318[4]
GNIS feature ID 0443347[5]
Interstate Highways
U.S. Highways
Major State Roads
Waterways Little Blue River, Big Blue River
Airports Shelbyville Municipal Airport
Website http://www.cityofshelbyvillein.com/

Shelbyville is a city in the U.S. state of Indiana and the county seat of Shelby County. The population was 19,191 as of the 2010 census [6].

History[edit]

In 1818, the land that would become Shelbyville was ceded to the United States by the Miami tribe in the Treaty of St. Mary's. Also in 1818, the backwoodsman Jacob Whetzel and a party cut a trail through this "New Purchase" from the Whitewater River at Laurel due west to the White River at Waverly. This trail became known as Whetzel's Trace and was the first east-west road into the New Purchase of central Indiana. Whetzel's Trace was cut just 4 miles north of site of Shelbyville and proved important in the settlement of Shelby County.[7]

Shelbyville was incorporated January 21, 1850, by a special act of the Legislature, according to county histories. Shelbyville was named in honor of Isaac Shelby, the first and fifth Governor of Kentucky and soldier in Lord Dunmore's War, the Revolutionary War, and the War of 1812.

The city charter received at that time was destroyed in the City Hall fire on January 1, 1928.

A railroad was built connecting Shelbyville to Indianapolis in the late 1830s, the first railroad in the state, that later expanded to connect to Madison and Jeffersonville.

Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 crashed on September 9, 1969 near Fairland. Nearly half of the 82 passengers killed were never identified and were buried in a mass grave in Shelbyville.

Geography[edit]

Shelbyville is located in Central Indiana and within the Indianapolis metropolitan area. It is 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Indianapolis. The city is at the fork of the Little Blue and Big Blue Rivers.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.84 square miles (30.67 km2), of which 11.56 square miles (29.94 km2) is land and 0.28 square miles (0.73 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Shelbyville has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) experiencing four distinct seasons. Annual precipitation: 40.14 inches Average temperature: 54.14 degrees

Education[edit]

Shelbyville Central Schools consists of Shelbyville Senior High School, Shelbyville Middle School, Coulston Elementary, Loper Elementary, and Hendricks Elementary. The high school and middle school's mascot is Golden Bears. Coulston is the Comets, Hendricks is the Hurricanes and Loper is the Bulldogs.

St. Joseph Elementary School is a private school, associated with St. Joseph Catholic Church, in Shelbyville.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 446
1850 995 123.1%
1860 1,960 97.0%
1870 2,731 39.3%
1880 3,745 37.1%
1890 5,451 45.6%
1900 7,169 31.5%
1910 9,500 32.5%
1920 9,701 2.1%
1930 10,618 9.5%
1940 10,791 1.6%
1950 11,734 8.7%
1960 14,317 22.0%
1970 15,094 5.4%
1980 14,989 −0.7%
1990 15,336 2.3%
2000 17,951 17.1%
2010 19,191 6.9%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 19,191 people, 7,682 households, and 4,848 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,660.1 inhabitants per square mile (641.0 /km2). There were 8,658 housing units at an average density of 749.0 per square mile (289.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.9% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 3.2% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.1% of the population.

There were 7,682 households of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.9% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 35.9 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 17,951 people, 7,307 households, and 4,654 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,023.0 people per square mile (781.4/km²). There were 7,930 housing units at an average density of 893.7 per square mile (345.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.28% White, 1.58% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population.

There were 7,307 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,824, and the median income for a family was $46,379. Males had a median income of $34,550 versus $24,331 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,670. About 6.1% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Wilson, George R. Early Indiana Trails and Surveys. The Society of Indiana Pioneers. pp. 51–53. 

External links[edit]