Shell Island (Wales)

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Shell Island
Welsh: Mochras
Llandanwg Pensarn Harbour and Shell Island.jpg
Shell Island above Llandanwg village
Shell Island is located in Gwynedd
Shell Island
Shell Island
 Shell Island shown within Gwynedd
OS grid reference SH552265
Principal area Gwynedd
Ceremonial county Gwynedd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LLANBEDR
Postcode district LL45
Dialling code 01341
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd

Coordinates: 52°49′00″N 4°09′00″W / 52.81665°N 4.14997°W / 52.81665; -4.14997

Shell Island, also known as Mochras, is a peninsula lying west of Llanbedr in Gwynedd, Wales. It was formed after the River Artro was diverted by the Earl of Winchelsey in 1819 from its previous course where it entered the sea to the south of Shell Island. Prior to this, access to the ancient settlement on the island would have been through the village of Llandanwg, which is now across the estuary.

View from Shell Island looking north
Seashells hand picked from beach drift at Shell Island (marine bivalves and gastropods)

Shell Island is known for the wide variety of seashells that wash up on the beach, and for its wild flowers. It is said to have been connected to the mythical Cantre'r Gwaelod.

Public vehicular access to the island is only possible via a causeway across the estuary of the River Artro when the tide is out. Access on foot is always possible from the adjacent Mochras/Morfa Dyffryn beach, which extends for several kilometres south of Shell Island. Access to emergency vehicles is available at any time through the neighbouring airfield.

Shell Island has a popular camp site[1] which offers the opportunity to practise "wild camping" in pitches which are far from the nearest neighbour (and from toilet and other facilities). Camp fires are allowed on the beach, on the campsite only raised contained fires and barbecues are allowed.

The island lies within the Snowdonia National Park, as a result of which the campsite closes from the end of October to the following March. During this period local farmers bring their sheep from the lowlands to graze on the island.

Geology[edit]

Mochras is significant for the UK Earth Sciences. The area consists of a low lying raised beach (which encompasses the nearby Llanbedr Airport) and it caused a sensation (in the geological community, at least), when the British Geological Survey (then known as the Institute of Geological Sciences) drilled a 1938m deep stratigraphic proving borehole at Mochras Farm[2] between late 1967 and late 1969. Beneath the obscuring recent beach cover, the Mochras Borehole found relatively young Tertiary and Mesozoic rocks (including a well-developed Upper, Middle and Lower Lias section [3] towards the base of the Jurassic), faulted against the ancient Cambrian rocks of the Harlech dome. In 1971, the vertical throw of the fault[4] was judged to be at least 4500m.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UKCampsite.co.uk - Caravan Parks and Camping Sites Index
  2. ^ National Geosciences Data Centre borehole material record from Mochras
  3. ^ Bennison G M & A E Wright (1969) The Geological History of the British Isles, p.297, Edward Arnold, London, pp. 406 + x, ISBN 0-7131-2226-9
  4. ^ The Llanbedr (Mochras Farm) Borehole, IGS Report No. 71/18, HMSO London, 116 pp + figs, SBN 11 880213 5

External links[edit]