Shell Lake, Wisconsin

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Shell Lake, Wisconsin
City
Location of Shell Lake, Wisconsin
Location of Shell Lake, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 45°44′1″N 91°55′3″W / 45.73361°N 91.91750°W / 45.73361; -91.91750Coordinates: 45°44′1″N 91°55′3″W / 45.73361°N 91.91750°W / 45.73361; -91.91750
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Washburn
Area[1]
 • Total 10.20 sq mi (26.42 km2)
 • Land 5.81 sq mi (15.05 km2)
 • Water 4.39 sq mi (11.37 km2)
Elevation[2] 1,240 ft (378 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 1,347
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 1,344
 • Density 231.8/sq mi (89.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 715 & 534
FIPS code 55-73200[5]
GNIS feature ID 1574007[2]

Shell Lake is a city in Washburn County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,347 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Washburn County.[6]

Geography[edit]

Shell Lake is located at 45°44′1″N 91°55′3″W / 45.73361°N 91.91750°W / 45.73361; -91.91750 (45.733590, -91.917368).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.20 square miles (26.42 km2), of which, 5.81 square miles (15.05 km2) is land and 4.39 square miles (11.37 km2) is water.[1]

The primary geographical feature of the city is Shell Lake which occupies the geographic center of the city and lies completely within the city limits.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,347 people, 594 households, and 357 families residing in the city. The population density was 231.8 inhabitants per square mile (89.5/km2). There were 988 housing units at an average density of 170.1 per square mile (65.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.1% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 594 households of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.9% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the city was 46.1 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 26.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.8% male and 55.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,309 people, 559 households, and 353 families residing in the city. The population density was 211.3 people per square mile (81.6/km²). There were 890 housing units at an average density of 143.7 per square mile (55.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.62% White, 0.08% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.

There were 559 households out of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.69.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 20.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 29.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 83.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,073, and the median income for a family was $42,917. Males had a median income of $35,313 versus $20,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,675. About 4.4% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Shell Lake is served by the Shell Lake School District, which operates Shell Lake High School.

Shell Lake Arts Center offers arts education camp in fine art, theater, and music for school-aged children and teens. It operates the oldest summer jazz camps for youth in the nation,[citation needed] taught by master musicians and teachers from Chicago, St. Paul-Minneapolis, Milwaukee, the University of Wisconsin system, the University of Minnesota and elsewhere.

Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College (WITC) has its administrative offices in Shell Lake.

Transportation[edit]

US 63.svgU.S. Highway 63, the major north-south arterial for the city, passes along the western shore of Shell Lake. County Road B serves as a northern east-west arterial and city limit and County Road D serves as the southern limit and east-west arterial. Both provide access to the U.S. Highway 53 corridor.US 53.svg

The Shell Lake Municipal Airport(ICAO: KSSQ, FAA LID: SSQ) is located southeast of the central business district. It has a year round 3711-foot asphalt runway with pilot controlled medium intensity runway lights, PAPI visual glide slope indicators and VOR-DME and GPS based instrument approaches. It averages over 12,000 takeoffs and landings per year.[8]

Emergency services[edit]

Shell Lake Police Department serves the city with three full-time officers and two part-time officers. Its Chief of Police is David Wilson.[citation needed]

Established in 1898, the Shell Lake Fire Department serves the City of Shell Lake and 180 square miles of territory in the towns of Barronett, Bashaw, Beaver Brook, and Sarona in Washburn County and the towns of Dewey and Roosevelt in Burnett County. The Shell Lake Fire Department assists the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources in wildland fire protection, cold water and ice rescue training, water rescues, auto extrications, and other services.[citation needed]

Ambulance service is provided by North Memorial Medical Center's Spooner/Shell Lake station, located just outside of Spooner. It has three ambulances.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

  • Marjorie Reinhart, businesswoman, philanthropist and co-founder of Reinhart Foods, Fourth largest Foodservice company in the US. She and her husband were also co-founders of Kwik Trip.[9][10]
  • Patricia Spafford Smith, businesswoman and politician, was born in Shell Lake.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Shell Lake, WI Website". Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  9. ^ "Marjorie Reinhart: In the Company of Saints". La Crosse Tribune.com. 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  10. ^ "Marjorie Reinhart leaves behind philanthropic legacy in La Crosse". News8000.com. 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  11. ^ Wisconsin Historical Society-Patricia Spafford Smith

External links[edit]