Shelley Berkley

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Shelley Berkley
Shelley Berkley, official portrait, 112th Congress 2.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Nevada's 1st district
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by John Ensign
Succeeded by Dina Titus
Personal details
Born (1951-01-20) January 20, 1951 (age 63)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political party Democratic Party
Alma mater University of Nevada, Las Vegas
University of San Diego
Religion Judaism
Website House website

Rochelle "Shelley" Berkley (born Rochelle Levine; January 20, 1951) was the U.S. Representative for Nevada's 1st congressional district, serving since 1999 until 2013. In 2012, she was an unsuccessful candidate for U.S. Senate.[1] She is a member of the Democratic Party.[1]

Early life, education, and legal career[edit]

Berkley was born Rochelle Levine in New York City, the daughter of Estelle (née Colonomos) and George Levine. Her paternal grandparents were Russian Jews and her mother's family were Sephardic Jews from Ottoman-era Salonica, now in in Greek Macedonia, northern Greece.[2]

Berkley moved with her family to Nevada when she was a junior high school student, attending Fremont Junior High. After completing high school, she became the first member of her family to attend college when she enrolled as an undergraduate at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.[1] She became a member of Delta Zeta sorority. Elected student body president of the Consolidated Students of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas her senior year, Shelley graduated with honors in 1972, earning a B.A. in Political Science.[1]

After obtaining her law degree in 1976 from the University of San Diego School of Law, Shelley returned to Las Vegas and began her professional career.[1] Berkley practiced law for several years, mainly as a member of the legal counsel for several Las Vegas casinos. She also served as the national director for the American Hotel-Motel Association.

Early political career[edit]

Berkley served in the Nevada Assembly from 1982 to 1984 and was involved in civic affairs locally.[3] She also served on the Nevada University and Community College System Board of Regents from 1990 to 1998, and was appointed vice chair.[1][4]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Campaigns[edit]

In 1996, U.S. Congressman John Ensign won re-election in Nevada's 1st congressional district with 50.1% of the vote, a 6.6% margin over Bob Coffin, the Democratic candidate.[5] The day after, Berkley filed papers to run in the district. She raised $206,000 in the first six months and $410,000 in the next six months. Berkley was Democrats' dream candidate,[6] as she easily won the primary with 81.5% of the vote.[7] Ensign decided to retire in order to run against U.S. Senator Harry Reid in the very close and competitive 1998 senate election. In the general election, she defeated Republican Don Chairez, a District Court Judge in Clark County[8] with 49.2% of the vote.[9]

In 2000, she won re-election with 51.7% against State Senator Jon Porter.[10] In 2002, she defeated Republican Las Vegas City Councilwoman Lynette Boggs with 53.7%.[11]

Tenure[edit]

Congresswoman Berkley represented Nevada's 1st congressional district from 1999 to 2013, serving seven terms as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives.[1] The district includes most of the city of Las Vegas as well as the Las Vegas Strip and the city of North Las Vegas. She is the second woman elected to Congress from Nevada, the first woman elected to the 1st district and the first elected as a Democrat.

Berkley is a member of the New Democrat Coalition.[4] She views her top priorities as affordable health care coverage for all Americans, veteran's rights and alternative energy.[12] Berkley is also strongly opposed to the building of a nuclear waste repository in Yucca Mountain, Nevada.[13]

In 2011, Berkley voted for the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 as part of a controversial provision that allows the government and the military to indefinitely detain American citizens and others without trial.[14]

Ethics investigation and related criticism[edit]

On September 5, 2011, a New York Times exposé detailed the actions that Berkley took as a member of Congress that she and her husband financially benefited from.[15] The Times noted that, "Ms. Berkley's actions were among a series over the last five years in which she pushed legislation or twisted the arms of federal regulators to pursue an agenda that is aligned with the business interests of her husband, Dr. Larry Lehrner."

On September 19, 2011, the ethics watchdog Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) released their annual Most Corrupt Members of Congress report.[16] The report listed Berkley in the "Dishonorable Mention" category.[17][18] Berkley was named in CREW's Most Corrupt Members of Congress report for the second year in a row in 2012.[19]

On July 9, 2012, the United States House Committee on Ethics voted unanimously to form an investigative subcommittee to see whether Berkley used her official position to advocate for policy that benefited her family’s financial situation.[20] More specifically, Berkley is accused of pushing healthcare legislation that would benefit her husband's medical practice. Berkley was also blamed for her efforts to block the closure of a kidney transplant center where her husband was employed.[21]

In 1996 and 1997, while working as a government affairs adviser for Las Vegas Sands, during the construction of The Venetian Berkley advised her employer to make campaign contributions to two Clark County Commissioners and two Clark County judges to secure their approval for the new hotel.[22] Berkley also suggested to her employer, the option of hiring an uncle of County Commissioner Erin Kenny and to grant a daiquiri concession to commission chairwoman Yvonne Atkinson Gates.[22] Berkley also advised making campaign contributions to the two judges because they "tend to help those who helped them."[23]

Fundraising[edit]

Berkley announced in June 2012 that she would turn over all $11,900 in campaign contributions from indicted lobbyist Harvery Whittemore to the U.S. Treasury. Whittemore was charged with violating campaign finance laws and misleading law enforcement. Before pledging to give up the contributions from Whittemore, Berkley said that she was holding his contributions in escrow while awaiting the outcome of the investigation against him.[24]

As of July 2012, Berkley had raised $4 million in contributions for her campaign to unseat Senator Dean Heller. Heller had raised $4.4 million.[25]

The political action committee affiliated with Amonix Solar, a Nevada solar energy firm that received $5.9 million in federal economic stimulus funds only to close in 2012, gave almost half of the money it spent to Berkley. During its life, the Amonix, Inc. Solar Federal Political Action Committee gave $3,100 to Berkley.[26]

Interest groups[edit]

As a 6th term congresswoman Berkley was endorsed by a number of interest groups. The themes of some groups endorsing Berkley included education, environmental protections, and gender equality in politics. Berkley received endorsements from groups such as The National Education Association, The Sierra Club and The National Women's Political Caucus.[27]

Berkley has been given various scores from a variety of interest groups. These groups include topics ranging from abortion issues, agriculture, criminal issues, animal rights, budget and taxes and foreign aid. NARAL Pro-Choice America gave Berkely a 100% in 2010, while the National Right to Life Committee gave her a 0% rating.[28][29]

The American Farm Bureau Federation gave Berkley a 33% rating in 2010 the topic of agriculture, while the National Farm Workers Union gave Berkley a 100% rating. Other interest groups Berkley has received High ratings from Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants, and Defenders of Wildlife Fund. Groups that Berkley has received poor ratings from include the National Taxpayers Union and Peace Action.[30]

Issues[edit]

Energy policy[edit]

On June 26, 2009, Berkley voted for the American Clean Energy and Security Act, which would have implemented a cap-and-trade system similar to the regulations proposed by the Reagan administration[31] in the 1980s, then known as "emissions trading."[32]

Health care[edit]

Berkley voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010.[33][34][35]

Internet gambling[edit]

Berkley is known as one of the supporters of the drive to regulate online gambling. She was one of the few congressional members to oppose Bill Frist's addition of the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006, to the unrelated SAFE Port Act.[citation needed]

Support for Iraq war[edit]

On October 10, 2002, Berkley was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq.[36]

Wall Street bailout[edit]

On October 3, 2008, Berkley voted for the controversial Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, which created the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) that bailed out Wall Street banks.[37][38]

Committee assignments[edit]

2012 U.S. Senate election[edit]

Berkley announced that she would run for the United States Senate in April 2011 to succeed John Ensign, who resigned amidst an ethics scandal.[39] She secured the Democratic nomination in the June primary and faced Senator Dean Heller in the November elections.[40] She narrowly lost the election.[41]

Personal life[edit]

In March 1999, Berkley married Dr. Lawrence Lehrner, a practicing nephrologist in Las Vegas.[42] Both Berkley and Lehrner have two children from prior marriages.[42]

Lehrner seldom campaigns with his wife. Berkley says about her husband, "He works about 12 hours a day, seven days a week. I call him a doctor's doctor." Lehrner’s medical practice has received attention during the campaign due to the House Ethics Committee's investigation into Berkley's efforts to save a kidney transplant center in which her husband has a financial interest. Laura Meyers of the Las Vegas Review-Journal wrote, "Having Lehrner on the campaign trail with Berkley could remind voters of the ethics investigation -- or expose him to uncomfortable questions."[43]

Former U.S. Rep. Shelley Berkley has been hired as CEO and senior provost of the Touro College and University System in Nevada and California. Her responsibilities for this position will start in January 2014.[44]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "BERKLEY, Shelley, (1951 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Nevada Legislators 1861-2011" (PDF). Research Division Legislative Counsel Bureau of the Nevada Legislature. April 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Representative Shelley Berkley (NV)". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  5. ^ "NV District 1 Race - Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  6. ^ Martinez, Gebe (Jan 20, 1998). "Parties Try to Field "Dream Candidates" in '98 Political Sleepwalks". Washington Post. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  7. ^ "NV District 1 - D Primary Race - Sep 01, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Candidate - Don Chairez". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  9. ^ "NV District 1 Race - Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  10. ^ "NV District 1 Race - Nov 07, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  11. ^ "NV District 1 Race - Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  12. ^ "New Dems Bolster Influence by Securing Key Committee Slots". New Democratic Coalition. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Berkley Alarmed By Renewed Republican Effort To Revive Yucca Mountain". Berkley.house.gov. November 30, 2010. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  14. ^ http://www.ibtimes.com/ndaa-bill-how-did-your-congress-member-vote-384362
  15. ^ Lipton, Eric (2011-09-05). "A Congresswoman’s Cause Is Often Her Husband’s Gain". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  16. ^ "CREW Names the 14 Most Corrupt Members of Congress; Five More Earn Dishonrable Mentions". Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington. September 19, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Shelley Berkley (D-NV)". Most Corrupt Members of Congress. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Dishonrable Mention: Representative Shelley Berkley" (PDF). Most Corrupt Members of Congress. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  19. ^ "CREW Names the 12 Most Corrupt Members of Congress; Eight More Earn Dishonorable Mentions". Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington. 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  20. ^ Damon, Anjeanette. "House ethics committee to launch full investigation into allegations against Berkley". The Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  21. ^ Jane Anne Morrison (24 March 2012). "Whether true or false, ethics review may be Berkley's demise". Las Vegas Review-Journal. 
  22. ^ a b Morrison, Jane Ann (June 5, 1998). "Berkley ripped for advocating favors". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  23. ^ Cary, Sean (September 15, 2011). "A rocky start for Berkley". Reno News Review. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  24. ^ Ray Hagar (7 June 2012). "Berkley says she will get rid of all Whittemore campaign contributions". Reno Gazette-Journal. 
  25. ^ Jonathan D. Salant (31 July 2012). "Republicans Outraising Democratic Rivals in House Races". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  26. ^ MICHAEL PATRICK LEAHY (19 July 2012). "http://www.breitbart.com/Big-Government/2012/07/19/Amonix-PAC-Gave-Nearly-Half-Its-Political-Donations-to-Stimulus-Backer-Shelley-Berkley". Breitbart News. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  27. ^ "Shelley Berkley". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  28. ^ "NARAL Pro-Choice America Rating". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  29. ^ "National Right to Life Committee Rating". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Shelley Berkley - Ratings and Endorsements". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  31. ^ "The Political History of Cap and Trade". Smithsonian magazine. Retrieved 2011-10-12. 
  32. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 477". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. June 26, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  33. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 887". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. November 7, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  34. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 165". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. March 21, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  35. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 167". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. March 21, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  36. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 455". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. October 10, 2002. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  37. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 681". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. October 3, 2008. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  38. ^ "The true cost of the bank bailout". PBS. September 3, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  39. ^ Trygstad, Kyle (April 14, 2011). "Shelley Berkley Will Run for Senate in Nevada". Roll Call. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  40. ^ Ralston, Jon (June 13, 2012). "Heller-Berkley worthy successor to Reid-Angle". Las Vegas Sun. 
  41. ^ 2012 Election Results Map: Senate, Politico, 2012, retrieved 2013-04-28 
  42. ^ a b Hakimian, Leah (January 3, 2011). "How Larry Met Shelley: A Congressional Romance". The Jewish Week. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  43. ^ Laura Meyers (30 July 2012). "Berkley says husband will 'be there for me' on campaign trail when needed". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  44. ^ Laura Meyers (18 Dec 2013). "Former U.S. Rep. Shelley Berkley to lead Touro University in Nevada, California". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 18 Dec 2013. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Ensign
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Nevada's 1st congressional district

1999–2013
Succeeded by
Dina Titus
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jack Carter
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Nevada
(Class 1)

2012
Most recent