Shelley Moore Capito

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Shelley Moore Capito
Shelley moore capito.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from West Virginia's 2nd district
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 2001
Preceded by Bob Wise
Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates
from the 30th district
In office
December 1, 1996 – December 1, 2000
Personal details
Born Shelley Wellons Moore
(1953-11-26) November 26, 1953 (age 60)
Glen Dale, West Virginia, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Charles L. Capito
Children Charles
Moore
Shelley
Residence Charleston, West Virginia, U.S.
Alma mater Duke University
University of Virginia
Religion Presbyterian[1]

Shelley Moore Capito (born Shelley Wellons Moore; November 26, 1953) is the U.S. Representative for West Virginia's 2nd congressional district, serving since 2001. She is a member of the Republican Party. She was the only Republican in the West Virginia congressional delegation until the 2010 elections and is the first Republican woman elected to Congress from West Virginia. The district stretches from the Ohio River in the west to the Eastern Panhandle, which borders with Virginia and Maryland. Capito is running for the U.S. Senate in 2014.

Early life, education, and early political career[edit]

Capito was born in Glen Dale, West Virginia, the daughter of Shelley (née Riley) and Arch Alfred Moore, Jr., who served three terms as that state's Governor. A resident of Charleston, Capito was educated at Duke University and at the University of Virginia.[2] She is a member of Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority.[3]

Capito was elected to the 30th district of the West Virginia House of Delegates in 1996 and served two terms. The district included a portion of the Charleston area. Capito was named Minority Chairperson of the Health and Human Resources Committee and a member of the Judiciary and Banking and Insurance Committees.

She is married to Charles L. Capito and they have three children: sons Charles and Moore and daughter Shelley.[4]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

2000

When 2nd district U.S. Congressman Bob Wise ran for governor in 2000, Capito decided to run and she won the Republican nomination. She narrowly defeated millionaire asbestos lawyer Jim Humphreys 48%-46%.[5] She was the first Republican to represent West Virginia in Congress since 1983, as well as the first woman elected to Congress from West Virginia in her own right.

2002

She won re-election to a second term, defeating Humphreys in rematch 60%-40%. She won every county in the district except Braxton.[6] She became the first West Virginia Republican to win reelection to Congress since her father, who represented the 1st district in the state's northern region from 1957 to 1969.

2004

She won re-election to a third term, defeating former newscaster Erik Wells 57%-42%.[7]

2006

Capito was mentioned as a possible challenger to Senator Robert Byrd in 2006, but opted to run for re-election to her House seat. She won re-election to a fourth term, defeating the state's Department of Environmental Protection Secretary Mike Callaghan, 57%-43%. She won all but two counties: Braxton and Clay.[8]

2008

Capito won re-election to a fifth term, defeating Anne Barth, a longtime former aide to U.S. Senator Robert Byrd, 57%-43%. She won all but two counties: Braxton and Jefferson.[9]

2010

During the 2010 election cycle, she was mentioned as a Republican candidate to challenge Joe Manchin for the vacated United State Senate seat of the late Robert C. Byrd. Capito ultimately decided against a Senate bid, pointing out that, even though the West Virginia Legislature passed a law allowing her to run for both her House seat and the U.S. Senate, "running for two offices simultaneously is not who I am as a person. More importantly, this is not about me, but what is right for the people of West Virginia."[10]

Capito won re-election to a sixth term, defeating Lynch Graf,[11] 68%-30%.[12] For the first time in her career, she won all 18 counties of the district.

2012

After redistricting, Capito was challenged in the Republican primary for the first time in her career. Capito said she planned on fighting to "dismantle the federal health care overhaul and challenge the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency."[13] She defeated Delegate Jonathan Miller and Michael Davis 83%-11%-6%.[14]

She won re-election to a seventh term, defeating former gubernatorial aide Howard Swint, 70%-30%.[15][16]

Tenure[edit]

Capito in 2013

Since being in Congress, Capito has voted with her party 93% of the time.[17] As of 2012, she had a lifetime rating of 70 from the American Conservative Union.[18] She is a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership.

In June 2003, Capito introduced the Family Fairness in Taxing Act of 2003. The bill would accelerate the increase to the child tax credit, increase the qualification age for children, and revise refundability criteria for the credit.[19]

In May 2008, Capito voted for the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2008 (commonly called the new G.I. Bill), which expanded the educational benefits for military veterans who have served since September 11, 2001.[20]

In January 2009, Capito voted to expand the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) as part of its re-authorization. The expanded coverage would include about four million more children in the program.[21]

Capito served on the House Page Board during the Mark Foley congressional page incident, but wasn't made aware of Foley's conduct until informed by the press.[22][23]

Capito voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (commonly called ObamaCare or the Affordable Care Act) in March 2010.

In December 2010, Capito voted to extend the tax cuts enacted during the administration of President George W. Bush.[24]

Capito voted for the Constitutional Balanced Budget Amendment of 2011.[25]

Capito has been a staunch advocate for the mining industry. In December 2011, she sponsored the Mine Safety Accountability and Improved Protection Act. The bill would establish an independent National Mine Safety Board, require mine inspections to be conducted when miners are present, and specify requirements for dealing with mines with a pattern of safety violations.[26] In May 2013, she introduced the Coal Jobs Protection Act of 2013. The bill would require the Environmental Protection Agency to base a determination on approving a new or renewed permit covering discharges from a structure only on regulations issued by the permitting authority.[27]

Capito supports a federal prohibition on online poker. In 2006, she cosponsored H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition and Enforcement Act,[28] and supported H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act.[29]

Capito opposes legislation aimed at capping greenhouse gas emissions.[30] In January 2010 she reportedly asked the president if he would reconsider "job-killing" policies like limiting greenhouse gases.[31]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Capito is a former chairwoman of the Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues as well as a member of the Congressional Arts Caucus. After an explosion responsible for the death of 29 coal workers, Capito founded the Congressional Coal Caucus.[32]

2014 U.S. Senate election[edit]

On November 26, 2012, Capito announced that she plans to run for the U.S. Senate in the 2014 election after longtime incumbent Jay Rockefeller announced he would retire.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Transcript of interview with Rep. Shelley Moore Capito". Q & A. October 30, 2005. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  3. ^ Huston, Andy. "23% of House & 41% of Senate is Greek". North-American Interfraternity Conference. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=701
  6. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=1249
  7. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=4409
  8. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=207753
  9. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=348125
  10. ^ Rivard, Ry (July 21, 2010). "Capito will not run against Manchin for Byrd's seat". Charleston Daily Mail. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  11. ^ "Capito wins big, Rahall bests former justice". Parkersburg News and Sentinel. November 2, 2010. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  12. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=515069
  13. ^ "WVa US Rep Shelley Moore Capito overcomes rare GOP primary challenge in bid for 7th term". Associated Press. 8 May 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  14. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=740141
  15. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=705840
  16. ^ BELISLE, RICHARD (11 June 2012). "Congressional candidate Swint campaigns in the Panhandle". Herald-Mail. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  17. ^ "Shelley Moore Capito (R)". U.S. Congress Votes Database (The Washington Post). 
  18. ^ Kamen, Al (24 July 2012). "Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.)". Who Runs Gov? (The Washington Post). 
  19. ^ "H.R. 2324 (108th)". GovTrack.us. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 330". House.gov. Retrieved September 17, 2013. 
  21. ^ "H.R. 2 (111th)". GovTrack.us. Retrieved September 17, 2013. 
  22. ^ Reilly, Tara (4 October 2006). "Local Republicans sound off on page scandal". The Herald-Mail. Retrieved 18 September 2013. 
  23. ^ AP (11 February 2009). "Key Figure In Foley Case Testifies". CBS News. Retrieved 18 September 2013. 
  24. ^ "To extend Bush tax cuts". The U.S. Congress Votes Database. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Balanced Budget Amendment". The U.S. Congress Votes Database. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  26. ^ "H.R. 3697 (112th)". GovTrack.us. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  27. ^ "H.R. 1829". GovTrack.us. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  28. ^ "HR 4777: Internet Gambling Prohibition Act". Thomas (Library of Congress). 2006. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  29. ^ "HR 4411: Internet Gambling Prohibition and Enforcement Act". Thomas (Library of Congress). Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  30. ^ "POLITICO: Note to EPA: 'Coal' isn't a dirty word". Press Release. US House of Representatives. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  31. ^ Kamen, Al (24 July 2012). "Political Profile for Shelley Moore Capito". On the Issues (Washington Post). Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  32. ^ "She is also a founding member of the Congressional Coal Caucus". Charleston Daily Mail. 13 April 2010. 
  33. ^ Catanese, David (November 25, 2012). "Shelley Moore Capito makes Senate bid vs. Jay Rockefeller official". Politico. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Bob Wise
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from West Virginia's 2nd congressional district

2001–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Luis Gutiérrez
Chairperson of the House Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit Subcommittee
2011–present
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Eric Cantor
United States Representatives by seniority
125th
Succeeded by
William Clay