Shenandoah (Amtrak train)
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|First service||October 31, 1976|
|Last service||September 30, 1981|
|Distance travelled||546 mi (878.70 km)|
|Average journey time||14 hours 28 minutes|
|Catering facilities||On-board café|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The Shenandoah was a daily passenger train operated by Amtrak between Washington, D.C. and Cincinnati, Ohio. The Shenandoah shared the former Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) route with the Blue Ridge, which ran as far west as Martinsburg, West Virginia.:315
The Shenandoah began operating on October 31, 1976. Connecting service to Chicago, Illinois at Cincinnati was provided by the Mountaineer/James Whitcomb Riley, which continued east to Washington, Newport News, Virginia and Norfolk, Virginia. After the Mountaineer's discontinuance in 1977 the Riley became The Cardinal and continued to provide connecting service to Chicago.
Amtrak discontinued both the Shenandoah and the Cardinal on September 30, 1981, citing low ridership figures. Amtrak considered the Shenandoah one of its "weakest lines"; the Department of Transportation had recommended its discontinuance in 1979. A new train, the Capitol Limited (Washington-Pittsburgh-Chicago), took over the Washington-Cumberland stretch and remains in operation, while the Cardinal was revived the following January by congressional mandate.:126-127 The Cincinnati-Cumberland portion remains without rail service, and CSX subsequently abandoned much of the line.:315
Uniquely, the Shenandoah equipment pool in 1978–1979 included a pair of converted Amfleet sleepers (dubbed "Ampad") in response to equipment shortages and a Congressional requirement that overnight trains including sleeping accommodations.:69
- Schwieterman, Joseph P. (2001). When the Railroad Leaves Town: American Communities in the Age of Rail Line Abandonment, Eastern United States. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press. ISBN 0943549973. OCLC 702179808.
- "Shenandoah, Cardinal Make Final Runs: Congressmen Seek Ways To Keep Cincinnati Routes". Toledo Blade. October 1, 1981. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- Reynolds, Kirk; Dave Oroszi (2000). Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Osceola, WI: MBI. ISBN 0760307466. OCLC 42764520.
- Sanders, Craig (2006). Amtrak in the Heartland. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34705-X. OCLC 61499942.
- Sanders, Craig (2007). Akron Railroads. Images of Rail. Charleston, DC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-4141-9. OCLC 123357483.