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Chenoboskion ( Coptic : Sénesêt[1]) is the name of a settlement in Ancient Egypt, located at the place today known as al-Qasr, just east of the larger town of Nag Hammadi,[2] [3]

Location of the ancient town[edit]

Najʿ Ḥammādī near the site of the ancient town Chenoboskion.[4]


Sources of writing on the subject of the important manuscripts located in 1945, cite the writings as the Nag Hammadi manuscripts. Accounts of the findings state that manuscripts were either found at Nag Hammadi or "at Chenoboskion near Nag Hammadi", although the definite choice by the scholars responsible seems largely to be that they are to be known by the former rather than the latter. If explanation is needed, then, the choice of title is perhaps a matter of convention supported by the principal members of those responsible for the initial tasks presented by the findings, rather than a definite corresponding choice made necessary by a strictly defined event known to have occurred at a strictly defined location.[5][6] Other texts show that the manuscripts were located at a place not within the boundaries of Nag Hammadi[7] Sources stating Chenoboskion are referenced, the Theosophist Magazine[8] the text by Jean Doresse[9][10] and others (not comprehensively referenced).[11] Allogenes Supreme, a Gnostic work, is stated as having been discovered at Chenoboskion in 1946.[12]

A monastery founded[edit]

It is the place where the person known as St.Pachomius was converted to Christianity in the 4th century A.D. Pachomius retreated at this place,having ceased to belong in military activities sometime about 310-315 perhaps (the figure given approximately 314), did convert to Christianity whilst dwelling in the desert[13][4] There is a monastery located at Chenoboskion that is dedicated to St Pachomius, first built during ancient times.[14]

Settlements in the desert[edit]

People moved to the region to be near Saint Anthony the Great. A monastic community formed around the saint for the purpose of spiritual guidance, beginning in Pispir and from there moving eastward. The mountainous area east of Pispir is the place of the present Monastery of Saint Anthony. The settlement of Chenoboskion created from this eastward movement began in the Thebaid.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Wilkinson, John Gardner, Sir [ page 327 of Hand-book for travellers in Egypt; including descriptions of the course of the Nile to the second cataract, Alexandria, Cairo, the pyramids, and Thebes, the overland transit to India, the peninsula of Mount Sinai, the oases, &c. Being a new edition, corrected and condensed, of "Modern Egypt and Thebes" [Electronic Edition]]. LONDON: JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET. PARIS, GALIGNANI; STASSIN & XAVIER. MALTA, MUIR. 1847. ). Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  2. ^ James M. Robinson, Director and General Editor Translated by Members of the Coptic Gnostic Library Project of the Institute for Antiquity and Christianity [Retrieved 2011-09-25]
  3. ^ [Retrieved 2011-09-25]
  4. ^ a b [> >[]]. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ J.D. McCaughey The Nag Hammadi or Chenoboskion Library A Bibliographical Survey by [Retrieved 2011-09-28]
  6. ^ website retrieved 19;45
  7. ^ John Dart page 2 of Unearthing the Lost Words of Jesus: The Discovery and Text of the Lost Gospel of Thomas Ulysees press 1998 [Retrieved 2011-09-28]
  8. ^ N. Sri RAM Theosophist Magazine September 1960-April 1961 [Retrieved 2011-09-28]
  9. ^ Jean Doresse The Secret Books of the Egyptian Gnosis: Introduction to the Gnostic Coptic Manuscripts Discovered at Chenoboskion [Retrieved 2011-09-28]
  10. ^ [Retrieved 2011-09-28]
  11. ^ V. R. Gold JSTOR "Gnostic Library of Chenoboskion [Retrieved 2011-09-28] (originally referenced from Biblical Archeologist, 15 (1952) 70-88; from the article written at
  12. ^ trinity Communications-( [Retrieved 2011-09-28]
  13. ^ Combs-NagHammadi-GTJ.pdf original text by William W.Combs Grace Theological seminary (1987) Combs-NagHammadi-GTJ.pdf original text by William W.Combs Grace Theological seminary (1987). Retrieved 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Bonz" Harvard Theological Review retrieved 17:37 GMT
  15. ^ good brother Matthais W.Wahba web-site his references originally from the San Franscisco Coptic Orthodox church of St Antonio[Retrieved 2011-09-25]

Further reading[edit]

  • Palmer, William Egyptian chronicles : with a harmony of sacred and Egyptian chronology, and an appendix on Babylonian and Assyrian antiquities (1861) [Retrieved 2011-09-27]
  • Robert North Chenoboskion and Q [Retrieved 2011-09-27]
  • Elaine Pagels The gnostic gospels [Retrieved 2011-09-27]
  • David M. Scholer Nag Hammadi Bibliography, 1948-1969 this link shows a list of books,those numbered 1259,1358,1419,1420,1424,1425,1441,1442,1445,1463,1464, relate to historical significance of this settlement [Retrieved 2011-09-27]