Shenfield railway station
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2011)|
Location of Shenfield in Essex
|Managed by||Greater Anglia|
|Number of platforms||5|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|Original company||Eastern Counties Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Eastern Railway|
|Post-grouping||London and North Eastern Railway|
|29 March 1843||Opened as Shenfield|
|1 January 1887||Reopened as Shenfield and Hutton Junction|
|20 February 1969||Renamed Shenfield|
|Lists of stations|
| London Transport portal
UK Railways portalCoordinates:
Shenfield railway station is a major station located in the Shenfield area of the borough of Brentwood in Essex. It lies on the Great Eastern Main Line (GEML) and links Liverpool Street and Stratford in London to various destinations in the east of England; it is also the terminus of the Liverpool Street to Shenfield metro (suburban) line.
It was first opened in 1843 and has since expanded from its original three platforms to the current five. Passenger usage in 2011/12 was just under 3 million entries and exits. It is planned that Shenfield will form the eastern terminus of the Crossrail line when it opens in 2018.
Shenfield station was first opened by the Eastern Counties Railway on 29 March 1843 on the extension from Brentwood to Colchester. As it was situated in a rural area, patronage was low, so it was closed in 1850, but it reopened with the name Shenfield and Hutton Junction on 1 January 1887 under the Great Eastern Railway to serve as an interchange with the new line to Southend that was completed two years later. There were three platforms, two up (London-bound) and one down (country-bound). Under the London and North Eastern Railway, two extra tracks for terminating local (suburban metro) trains opened in 1934, giving the current five platforms.
The 1920 survey of the station shows good sidings and a turntable on the London side of the up platforms. The goods yard was closed on 4 May 1964 and it became a car park. The inclusion of "and Hutton Junction" in the station name was discontinued in 1969.
The station is 20 miles (32 km) down line from Liverpool Street. Immediately west of the station is Brentwood bank, which descends steeply in the up (London) direction. This bank presented a significant climb to steam trains. There are extensive sidings on the London side of the station just before the start of the descent down the bank.
To the east of the station, the lines for Southend diverge with the down line passing under the main lines toward Colchester. West of Shenfield there are four tracks, but to the east these split, two towards Colchester and two towards Southend.
Today, Shenfield is served by fast trains on the main line to London (stopping at Romford, Stratford and Liverpool Street) and is also the eastern terminus of the all-stops metro service from Liverpool Street. It is planned that Crossrail will terminate at Shenfield upon completion in 2018.
Ten-carriage Crossrail trains will run over the pair of 'electric lines', rather than the main lines, replacing the existing eight-car metro trains and allowing Crossrail to serve all stations between Shenfield and Stratford. At peak hours the frequency of service will increase from around six trains per hour to 12, necessitating the construction of a new 210-metre long platform 6, which will be built to the north of platform 5, replacing one of the existing three western sidings. The two remaining western sidings and three new eastern sidings will also be used by Crossrail. It is estimated that Crossrail will cut morning peak journey times by up to seven minutes although there will be no reduction to some journey times.
The following services currently call at Shenfield:
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
The Monday-Saturday off-peak service from Shenfield is:
- 13 trains per hour to London Liverpool Street, of which:
- 5 call at Stratford
- 2 call at Romford and Stratford
- 6 call at all stations (normally operated by a Class 315)
- 3 tph to Southend Victoria, calling at all stations (normally operated by a Class 321; not operated by a Class 360)
- 1 tph to Braintree, calling at Ingatestone, Chelmsford, Witham, then all stations. Normally always operated by a Class 321, occasionally operated by a Class 360. Not usually operated by a Class 315.
- 1 tph to Clacton, calling at Ingatestone, Chelmsford, Witham, Colchester (North), Wivenhoe and Thorpe-le-Soken. Normally operated by a Class 360, also operated by a Class 321. Not usually operated by a Class 315.
- 1 tph to Colchester Town, calling at Chelmsford, Witham then all stations. Normally operated by a Class 360, also operated by a Class 321. Not usually operated by a Class 315.
- 1 tph to Ipswich, calling at Chelmsford then all stations. Normally operated by a Class 360, also operated by a Class 321. Not usually operated by a Class 315.
On Sundays this is reduced to:
- 6 tph to London, of which:
- 2 call at Stratford
- 2 call at all stations to Romford then Stratford
- 2 call at all stations
- 2 tph to Southend Victoria, calling at Billericay, Wickford, Rayleigh, Hockley, Rochford and Southend Airport.
- 1 tph to Clacton-on-Sea, calling at Chelmsford, Witham, Marks Tey, Colchester (North), Wivenhoe, Alresford (Essex), Great Bentley and Thorpe-le-Soken
- 1 tph to Ipswich, calling at all stations.
- "Station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2011. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Mitchell, Victor E. (April 2011). Eastern Main Lines - Shenfield to Ipswich. Midhurst: Middleton Press. Plan II. ISBN 978 1 906008 96 3.
- Mitchell 2011, Plate 4
- "Capital's key services protected, says Johnson". The Press Association. 20 October 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
- "Commissioners report". TFL. December 2012. Retrieved December 2012.
- CROSSRAIL INFORMATION PAPER A7 – SELECTION OF THE NORTH EASTERN TERMINUS
- Environmental Baseline and Assessment of Impacts – North East Route Section
- Chapter 18 - Route Window NE17 - Shenfield station
- Train times and station information for Shenfield railway station from National Rail
- Excel file displaying National Rail station usage information for 2005/06