Shenfield railway station

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Shenfield
National Rail
Shenfield railway station building in 2005.jpg
Shenfield is located in Essex
Shenfield
Shenfield
Location of Shenfield in Essex
Location Shenfield
Local authority Brentwood
Grid reference TQ613949
Managed by Abellio Greater Anglia
Station code SNF
DfT category B
Number of platforms 5
Fare zone C
National Rail annual entry and exit
2007–08 Increase 3.025 million[1]
2008–09 Decrease 3.008 million[1]
2009–10 Decrease 2.856 million[1]
2010–11 Increase 2.936 million[1]
2011–12 Increase 2.991 million[1]
2012–13 Increase 3.131 million[1]
Railway companies
Original company Eastern Counties Railway
Pre-grouping Great Eastern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
Key dates
29 March 1843 (1843-03-29) Opened as Shenfield
March 1850 Closed
1 January 1887 Reopened as Shenfield and Hutton Junction
20 February 1969 Renamed Shenfield
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°37′51″N 0°19′47″E / 51.6307°N 0.3297°E / 51.6307; 0.3297

Shenfield railway station is a major station located in the Shenfield area of the borough of Brentwood in Essex. It lies on the Great Eastern Main Line (GEML) and links Liverpool Street and Stratford in London to various destinations in the east of England; it is also the terminus of the Liverpool Street to Shenfield metro (suburban) line.

It was first opened in 1843 and has since expanded from its original three platforms to the current five. Passenger usage in 2011/12 was just under 3 million entries and exits. It is planned that Shenfield will form the eastern terminus of the Crossrail line when it opens in 2018.

History[edit]

Shenfield station was first opened by the Eastern Counties Railway on 29 March 1843 on the extension from Brentwood to Colchester. As it was situated in a rural area, patronage was low, so it was closed in 1850, but it reopened with the name Shenfield and Hutton Junction on 1 January 1887 under the Great Eastern Railway to serve as an interchange with the new line to Southend that was completed two years later. There were three platforms, two up (London-bound) and one down (country-bound). Under the London and North Eastern Railway, two extra tracks for terminating local (suburban metro) trains opened in 1934, giving the current five platforms.

The 1920 survey of the station shows good sidings and a turntable on the London side of the up platforms. The goods yard was closed on 4 May 1964 and it became a car park.[2] The inclusion of "and Hutton Junction" in the station name was discontinued in 1969.[3]

The station is 20 miles (32 km) down line from Liverpool Street. Immediately west of the station is Brentwood bank, which descends steeply in the up (London) direction. This bank presented a significant climb to steam trains. There are extensive sidings on the London side of the station just before the start of the descent down the bank.

To the east of the station, the lines for Southend diverge with the down line passing under the main lines toward Colchester. West of Shenfield there are five tracks, but to the east these split, two towards Colchester and two towards Southend.

Today, Shenfield is served by fast trains on the main line to London (calling at Romford, Stratford and Liverpool Street) and is also the eastern terminus of the all-stops metro service from Liverpool Street. It is planned that Crossrail will terminate at Shenfield upon completion in 2018.[4]

Shenfield gained Oyster card readers for pay-as-you-go journeys from 2 January 2013.[5]

Ten-carriage Crossrail trains will run over the pair of 'electric lines', rather than the main lines, replacing the existing eight-car metro trains and allowing Crossrail to serve all stations between Shenfield and Stratford.[6] At peak hours the frequency of service will increase from seven trains per hour to 12, necessitating the construction of a new 210-metre long platform 6,[6][7] which will be built to the north of platform 5, replacing one of the existing three western sidings.[8] The two remaining western sidings and three new eastern sidings will also be used by Crossrail.[8] It is estimated that Crossrail will cut morning peak journey times by up to seven minutes although there will be no reduction to some journey times.[8]

Services[edit]

The following services currently call at Shenfield:

Operator Route Material Peak frequency Notes
Abellio Greater Anglia London Liverpool Street - Stratford - Shenfield - Chelmsford - Hatfield Peverel - Witham - Kelvedon - Marks Tey - Colchester - Manningtree - Ipswich Class 321, Class 360 1x per hour Also calls at Ingatestone on Sundays
Abellio Greater Anglia London Liverpool Street - Stratford - Shenfield - Chelmsford - Witham - Colchester - Wivenhoe - Thorpe-le-Soken - Clacton-on-Sea Class 321, Class 360 1x per hour Also calls at Marks Tey, Alresford and Great Bentley on Sundays
Abellio Greater Anglia London Liverpool Street - Stratford - (Romford) - Shenfield - Chelmsford - Witham - Kelvedon - Marks Tey - Colchester - Colchester Town Class 321, Class 360 1x per hour Not Sundays
Abellio Greater Anglia London Liverpool Street - Stratford - Shenfield - Ingatestone - Chelmsford - Witham - White Notley - Cressing - Braintree Freeport - Braintree Class 321 1x per hour Not Sundays
Abellio Greater Anglia London Liverpool Street - Stratford - Shenfield - Billericay - Wickford - Rayleigh - Hockley - Rochford - Southend Airport - Prittlewell - Southend Victoria Class 321 2x per hour Not Sundays
Abellio Greater Anglia London Liverpool Street - Stratford - (Romford) - Shenfield - Billericay - Wickford - Rayleigh - Hockley - Rochford - Southend Airport - Prittlewell - Southend Victoria Class 321 1x per hour Not Sundays
Abellio Greater Anglia London Liverpool Street - Stratford - Maryland - Forest Gate - Manor Park - Ilford - Seven Kings - Goodmayes - Chadwell Heath - Romford - Gidea Park - Harold Wood - Brentwood - Shenfield Class 315 6x per hour 2x per hour on Sundays
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Terminus Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia
Dutchflyer
London-Amsterdam
  Future Development  
Crossrail
Line 1
Terminus

The Monday-Saturday off-peak service from Shenfield is:

  • 13 trains per hour to London Liverpool Street, of which:
    • 5 call at Stratford
    • 2 call at Romford and Stratford
    • 6 call at all stations (normally operated by a Class 315)
  • 3 tph to Southend Victoria, calling at all stations (normally operated by a Class 321; not operated by a Class 360)
  • 1 tph to Braintree, calling at Ingatestone, Chelmsford, Witham, then all stations. Normally always operated by a Class 321, occasionally operated by a Class 360. Not usually operated by a Class 315.
  • 1 tph to Colchester Town, calling at Chelmsford, Witham then all stations. Normally operated by a Class 360, also operated by a Class 321. Not usually operated by a Class 315.
  • 1 tph to Ipswich, calling at Chelmsford then all stations. Normally operated by a Class 360, also operated by a Class 321. Not usually operated by a Class 315.

On Sundays this is reduced to:

  • 6 tph to London, of which:
    • 2 call at Stratford
    • 2 call at Brentwood, Harold Wood, Gidea Park, Romford and Stratford
    • 2 call at all stations
  • 2 tph to Southend Victoria, calling at Billericay, Wickford, Rayleigh, Hockley, Rochford and Southend Airport.
  • 1 tph to Clacton-on-Sea, calling at Chelmsford, Witham, Marks Tey, Colchester (North), Wivenhoe, Alresford (Essex), Great Bentley and Thorpe-le-Soken
  • 1 tph to Ipswich, calling at all stations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ Mitchell, Victor E. (April 2011). Eastern Main Lines - Shenfield to Ipswich. Midhurst: Middleton Press. Plan II. ISBN 978 1 906008 96 3. 
  3. ^ Mitchell 2011, Plate 4
  4. ^ "Capital's key services protected, says Johnson". The Press Association. 20 October 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 
  5. ^ "Commissioners report". TFL. December 2012. Retrieved December 2012. 
  6. ^ a b CROSSRAIL INFORMATION PAPER A7 – SELECTION OF THE NORTH EASTERN TERMINUS
  7. ^ Environmental Baseline and Assessment of Impacts – North East Route Section
  8. ^ a b c Chapter 18 - Route Window NE17 - Shenfield station

External links[edit]