Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport

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Shenzhen Bao'an
International Airport

深圳宝安国际机场
Shēnzhèn Bǎo'ān Guójì Jīchǎng
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport Logo 2013.png
Sia-render.jpg
IATA: SZXICAO: ZGSZ
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Shenzhen Airport Company Ltd.
Serves Shenzhen
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 4 m / 13 ft
Coordinates 22°38′22″N 113°48′39″E / 22.63944°N 113.81083°E / 22.63944; 113.81083Coordinates: 22°38′22″N 113°48′39″E / 22.63944°N 113.81083°E / 22.63944; 113.81083
Website eng.szairport.com
Map
SZX is located in Guangdong
SZX
SZX
Location within Guangdong
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 3,400 11,155 Concrete
16/34 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 32,268,400
Cargo 913,600 tonnes
Aircraft movements 257,500
Source: Shenzhen International Airport[2]
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport
Traditional Chinese 深圳寶安國際機場
Simplified Chinese 深圳宝安国际机场

Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport (Chinese: 深圳宝安国际机场; formerly Shenzhen Huangtian Airport) (IATA: SZXICAO: ZGSZ) is located near Huangtian and Fuyong villages in Bao'an District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. It is 32 km northwest of the city center. It is the hub for Shenzhen Airlines and cargo airlines Shenzhen Donghai Airlines and SF Airlines. Shenzhen airport is a focus city for China Southern Airlines and Hainan Airlines. The airport also serves as an Asian-Pacific cargo hub for UPS Airlines.[1] The airport is undergoing major expansion with a new terminal under construction. A second runway was also recently completed. It is one of the three largest airport hubs serving southern China, alongside Hong Kong International Airport and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. The airport also has direct ferry routes to Hong Kong International Airport, where passengers can transit without going through immigration and custom checks, akin to transit between two flights.

In comparison with Hong Kong International Airport, Shenzhen International Airport offers greater connectivity to domestic Chinese cities at cheaper ticket prices. For international travelers, the lack of long-haul air connections outside of Asia and the relatively poorer service in English are two major disadvantages of the airport.

History[edit]

The airport was opened on 12 October 1991. It occupies an area of 10.8 km2. Its original runway is 3400 m long and 45 m wide, and it has 53 parking spaces on its apron. Handling as few as 5 services a day upon opening, it grew rapidly, necessitating the construction of a second domestic terminal.

Shenzhen airport handled 26,713,610 passengers in 2010, according to Civil Aviation Administration of China, making it the fifth busiest in China. The airport was also China's 4th busiest and world's 24th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic, registering 809,363 tonnes of freight. In terms of traffic movements, Shenzhen airport was the 5th busiest airport in China in 2009.

Former Terminals[edit]

  • Terminal A – for domestic flights (closed from 10pm 27 November 2013)[3]
  • Terminal B – for domestic flights (closed from 10pm 27 November 2013)
  • Terminal D – for international flights (closed from 10pm 27 November 2013)

These terminals covered an area of 152,000 sq meters and consisting of 24 jetways.[4] The International Terminal D was opened in December 2008. It had no air gates of its own, just airside bus service to distant positions around the airport.

Airport expansion project[edit]

A second runway running parallel to the west of the current runway started construction in 2008. The new runway was built on reclaimed land extending out towards the Pearl River Delta, with a length of 3600 meters and 60 meters wide. The second runway was completed in June 2011 and started operations in July 2011 but capacity was restricted originally until the new terminal was opened. This as due to air movements will need to cross the existing runway to access the older terminals to the east.

At the beginning of 2008 the 1.6 km long New terminal commenced being built. This new terminal will be between the original runway and new runway currently being built. Architect: Massimiliano Fuksas, Rome; Structure, Facade and Parametric Design: Knippers Helbig, Stuttgart. The current terminal was opened on 28 November 2013 after 4 years of construction and planning.

Terminal[edit]

The new terminal is three times the size of terminals A and B and represents a huge upgrade of the airport's facilities and capacity. The new terminal has 450,000 square meters of floor space, 62 boarding gates and the ability to accommodate any type of plane in the world. The new terminal is divided into three parts: a main building and two massive corridors — 1,050 meters long and 650 meters wide — that form a cross shape. The main building has four floors above ground and two floors underground. A connecting Ground Transport Center adjoins the terminal to the south.

Passengers departing from Shenzhen will access check-in service and security checks on the terminal’s fourth floor, and arriving passengers can connect to public transportation at the traffic center on the first and second floors.

The fourth floor has eight check-in areas, labeled A to H, with a total of 192 check-in counters.

A and B check-in areas are for China Southern Airlines.

C area is for flights on Sichuan, Xiamen, Hainan, Juneyao, OK, Chengdu, Spring, Hebei and Chongqing airlines.

D and E areas are for international flights and flights to Macao.

F area is for China Eastern, Shanghai, Shangdong and China United airlines

G and H areas are for Shenzhen, Air China and Kunming airlines.

The main building's third floor is the waiting area for domestic and international flights, which depart from the east wing.

International departing passengers descend to a Customs and Immigration Hall on the third floor just beyond the central check-in counters. International departure gates are the closest, lining the broad body of the Manta Ray shaped building. Domestic passengers access their departure gates in the long cross shaped section of the terminal building, after descending through security clearance at the far end of the Check-in Hall.

Domestic travelers arriving at the airport can pick up luggage on the second floor, while international passengers will get their luggage on the first floor.

Ground Transportation Center[edit]

The baggage areas of Terminal C are short walks away from the General Traffic Center (GTC), where passengers can take buses, taxis and, eventually, Metro trains.

The traffic center offers local and long-distance bus services on the first floor, with taxi and Airport Express Shuttle 330 bus services on the second floor. The underground floor will connect with Metro Line 11, which is under construction and will provide Shenzhen-Hong Kong express services.

Until completion of the metro Line 11, bus M416 will provide a shuttle service to Hourui Station on Luobao Line of Shenzhen Metro. This line served the existing airport terminals and the station is one station south, prior to the Airport East Station. Shuttle cost is currently 2RMB.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Wuhan
Air China Tokyo-Narita
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian, Nanjing
Air Koryo Seasonal: Pyongyang
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu, Guilin
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Changchun, Changzhou, Dali, Hohhot, Jinggangshan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Yongzhou
China Southern Airlines Baotou, Beijing-Capital, Bijie, Changde, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Dandong, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Huaihua, Jining, Kunming, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Luoyang, Luzhou, Meixian, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nanyang, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tongren, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yanji, Yantai, Yiwu, Yinchuan, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan, Zunyi
China Southern Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Da Nang, Denpasar/Bali, Jeju, Mauritius, Phuket, Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Taoyuan
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing
China United Airlines Beijing-Nanyuan
Donghai Airlines Dalian, Haikou, Hailar, Harbin, Ningbo
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jinan, Kashgar, Kunming, Lanzhou, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Tonghua, Xiamen, Xiangyang, Xi'an, Xining, Xuzhou, Yichang, Zhengzhou
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
Juneyao Airlines Beihai, Shanghai-Hongqiao
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Loong Air Hangzhou
Lucky Air Lijiang
Okay Airways Haikou, Nanning, Tianjin, Wuyishan
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, Yantai, Weihai, Wenzhou
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao
Shenzhen Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangyuan, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Mianyang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Quzhou, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xining, Yangzhou, Yibin, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yichun, Yuncheng, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou
Shenzhen Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Wanzhou
SilkAir Singapore
Spring Airlines Hangzhou, Harbin, Huai'an, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin, Zhangjiakou
Sky Shuttle Macau-Terminal Marítimo
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang
Tibet Airlines Chengdu, Lhasa, Nyingchi
Tigerair Singapore
Uni Air Taichung, Taipei-Taoyuan
West Air Chongqing
Xiamen Airlines Chongqing, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Nanchang, Nanning, Quanzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Tianjin, Xiamen

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
China Southern Cargo Beijing-Capital
FedEx Express Anchorage
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
SF Airlines Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Nantong, Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Zhengzhou
Shenzhen Donghai Airlines Chengdu, Hong Kong, Manila, Shanghai-Pudong
TNT Airways Liège
Transmile Air Services Kuala Lumpur
UPS Airlines Anchorage (for US-bound flights), Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cologne/Bonn, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Mumbai, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore
Yangtze River Express Clark, Dhaka, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Shanghai-Pudong

Other facilities[edit]

Shenzhen Airlines is headquartered on the grounds of the airport.[5] Jade Cargo International was headquartered on the sixth floor of the Shenzhen Airlines Flight Operations Building on grounds of Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport.[6] Shenzhen Donghai Airlines has its head office in the Shenzhen Airlines facility on the airport property.[7]

SF Airlines has its headquarters in the No.1 Freight Depot of the International Shipping Center.[8]

Ground transport[edit]

Regular bus and minibus services links the Airport with the rest of the city. Intercity bus services to some other nearby cities such as Hong Kong and Dongguan are also available.

Local taxis, and often some taxis from Dongguan, can pick up passengers there from three designated waiting areas. These are located at each of the three main exits from the Airport Departure Hall. These will have the capacity to handle 21 taxi cabs picking up passengers simultaneously.[9] Over the opening weekend, the terminal handled 6,858 cabs daily, a fifty percent increase from the previous Terminals A & B.

Private vehicles have a 3-minute parking limit set on them for setting down and picking up passengers alongside the terminal building, with a 500RMB(US$82) fine for not complying.[10]

Metro Service[edit]

Airport East Station Shenzhen

There are shuttle services connecting the new terminal with Shenzhen Metro Luobao Line. Non-stopping service M416 runs between Hourui Station and the new terminal. Local bus service M417 runs between Airport East Station and new terminal with a few stops.

From 2015, rail service will be via Line 11, providing service from the airport via Bao'an and Nanshan to Futian Station, connecting with Futian Railway Station High Speed Rail services.

In the future, Shenzhen-Maoming Railway, Guangzhou-Dongguan-Shenzhen Intercity Railway and Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Express Railway are planned to service here.

Ferry[edit]

Fuyong Ferry Pier

Fast ferries are available to Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal and Taipa Ferry Terminal in Macau plus to the Skypier Ferry Terminal at Hong Kong International Airport via the nearby Fuyong Pier. Free shuttle buses connect the Pier and the Airport.

Direct services to Hong Kong Island and Kowloon were suspended because the Terminals A & B's long distance from the ferry terminal made it unpopular for commuters. However with the opening of Terminal C, direct services may be resumed because it is much closer.

Airport Express Shuttle Bus[edit]

Airport Express Shuttle 330 bus at west square of Shenzhen Railway Station

Main shuttle bus service is provided with "330" branded buses. These are located on the western side of the Ground Transportation Center. Two major routes are served, 330 from the Airport to the west square of Shenzhen Railway Station, with 3 stops along the way. From the city to the airport is from Hualian Mansion building (Exit B of Science Museum Station), direct to the airport. City Terminal Check-in services are available for some airlines inside the Hualian Mansion.

The other route, 330B runs from the Airport to Longgang City Terminal in Longgang district.

330 Air Express Shuttle Destination From Airport To Airport Pick Up Point
330 Shenzhen Railway Station 0745-2400 0630-2200 Hualian Mansion
330B Longgang City Terminal 0800-2200 0620-2030 Longgang City Terminal

A future service connecting the Airport with Shenzhen North Railway Station is expected to start when the new Terminal 3 opens as part of 5 new major Airport Express Shuttle Buses.[9]

Minor Airport Express Lines are

Airport Express Line Destination From Airport To Airport
2 Shenzhen Railway Station 0745-2400 0630-2200
3 Longgang Jiadebao 0800-2200 0620-2030
4 Longgang Pinghu South 0800-2200 0600-2040
5 Guangming Railway Station 0700-2200 0600-2100
6 Dameisha 0600-2100 0614-2200
7 Buji Zhangshubu Community 0720-2200 0620-2100
8 Shenzhen Bay Port 0800-2200 0640-2100
9 Huanggang Port Control Point 0800-2200 0630-2100
10 Shekou Ferry Terminal 0630-2000 0630-2000

Airport Regional Bus Services[edit]

Desitnation Via From Airport
Huizhou 0725-2120
Huidong Huiyang 0710-1910
Zhongshan 1100–2000
Dongguan Humen/Nancheng 0800-2100
Shilong Dongguan East 0720-1900
Dalang Changping 0800–2200
Qingxi Tangxia 0815-1935
Huiyang 0845-1940
Zhuhai 0820-1900

Cross Border Bus[edit]

Buses currently run mostly via Shenzhen Bay Control Point to many destinations across Hong Kong, Kowloon and the New Territories.

New City Terminal of Shenzhen Airport opens in Hong Kong, (23 March 2010).[11]

Coach service is provided by Trans Island Limousine Service Ltd serving SZIA and Hong Kong, including Sheung Wan, Causeway Bay, Mong Kok (Prince Edward), Tsim Sha Tsui and Hong Kong International Airport.

A direct coach service, operated by Chinalink Bus Company, is available at Elements Mall in Hong Kong. Passengers may check-in for their flights at the bus terminal but luggage must still be carried to the airport by the passengers. The service operates from Kowloon Station on the Airport Express MTR line direct to the Shenzhen International airport.[12]

Shenzhen-Zhongshan Bridge[edit]

The planned Shenzhen-Zhongshan Bridge will directly connect Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport on the Eastern side of the Pearl River Delta with the city of Zhongshan on the Western side.

It will consist of a series of bridges and tunnels and will cut travel time from Shenzhen to Zhongshan to less than 30 minutes. Construction of the proposed 51 km eight-lane link is scheduled to start in 2015, with completion scheduled for 2021.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "UPS Launches Shenzhen Flights". Ups.com. 8 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "深圳机场2013年旅客吞吐量3227万人次". Szairport.com. 23 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "New terminal opens Thursday-szdaily多媒体数字报刊平台". Szdaily.sznews.com. 25 November 2013. 
  4. ^ http://eng.szairport.com/catalog_518.aspx
  5. ^ "Contact Us." Shenzhen Airlines. Retrieved on 9 September 2009.
  6. ^ "Contact Us." Jade Cargo International. Retrieved on 11 July 2010.
  7. ^ "联系我们." Shenzhen Donghai Airlines. Retrieved on 24 February 2014. "Address:Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport, Shenzhen Airlines. Post code:518128" – Chinese address: "地址:深圳市宝安区宝安国际机场航站四路3009号东海航空基地 邮政编码:518128"
  8. ^ "Contact Us." SF Airlines. Retrieved on 24 February 2014. "SF Airlines Co., Ltd. Address: No.1 Freight Depot, International Shipping Center of Bao'an International Airport, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, 518128, P.R.C." – Chinese address: "地 址:中国广东省深圳市宝安国际机场国际货运中心1号货站 邮 编:518128"
  9. ^ a b "Changes to address airport's commuting woes-szdaily多媒体数字报刊平台". Szdaily.sznews.com. 3 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Drop-off time limit extended to 3 minutes-szdaily多媒体数字报刊平台". Szdaily.sznews.com. 3 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "New City Terminal of Shenzhen Airport Opens in Hong Kong – Shenzhen Post". Szcpost.com. 24 March 2010. 
  12. ^ "香港九龙机铁站往深圳机场" [Airport Railway Kowloon Station to Shenzhen Airport] (in Chinese). Retrieved 20 July 2011. "香港九龍機鐵站往深圳機場 (全程行車時間:車程約75分鐘) Kowloon, Hong Kong Airport Railway Station to Shenzhen Airport (journey time: about 75 minutes by car)" 

External links[edit]