Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport
Shēnzhèn Bǎo'ān Guójì Jīchǎng
|IATA: SZX – ICAO: ZGSZ|
|Operator||Shenzhen Airport Company Ltd.|
|Elevation AMSL||4 m / 13 ft|
|Source: Shenzhen International Airport|
|Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport|
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport (Chinese: 深圳宝安国际机场; formerly Shenzhen Huangtian Airport) (IATA: SZX, ICAO: ZGSZ) is located near Huangtian and Fuyong villages in Bao'an District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. It is 32 km northwest of the city center. It is the hub for Shenzhen Airlines and cargo airlines Shenzhen Donghai Airlines and SF Airlines. Shenzhen airport is a focus city for China Southern Airlines and Hainan Airlines. The airport also serves as an Asian-Pacific cargo hub for UPS Airlines. The airport is undergoing major expansion with a new terminal under construction. A second runway was also recently completed. It is one of the three largest airport hubs serving southern China, alongside Hong Kong International Airport and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. The airport also has direct ferry routes to Hong Kong International Airport, where passengers can transit without going through immigration and custom checks, akin to transit between two flights.
In comparison with Hong Kong International Airport, Shenzhen International Airport offers greater connectivity to domestic Chinese cities at cheaper ticket prices. For international travelers, the lack of long-haul air connections outside of Asia and the relatively poorer service in English are two major disadvantages of the airport.
- 1 History
- 2 Terminal
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Other facilities
- 5 Ground transport
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The airport was opened on 12 October 1991. It occupies an area of 10.8 km2. Its original runway is 3400 m long and 45 m wide, and it has 53 parking spaces on its apron. Handling as few as 5 services a day upon opening, it grew rapidly, necessitating the construction of a second domestic terminal.
Shenzhen airport handled 26,713,610 passengers in 2010, according to Civil Aviation Administration of China, making it the fifth busiest in China. The airport was also China's 4th busiest and world's 24th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic, registering 809,363 tonnes of freight. In terms of traffic movements, Shenzhen airport was the 5th busiest airport in China in 2009.
- Terminal A – for domestic flights (closed from 10pm 27 November 2013)
- Terminal B – for domestic flights (closed from 10pm 27 November 2013)
- Terminal D – for international flights (closed from 10pm 27 November 2013)
These terminals covered an area of 152,000 sq meters and consisting of 24 jetways. The International Terminal D was opened in December 2008. It had no air gates of its own, just airside bus service to distant positions around the airport.
Airport expansion project
A second runway running parallel to the west of the current runway started construction in 2008. The new runway was built on reclaimed land extending out towards the Pearl River Delta, with a length of 3600 meters and 60 meters wide. The second runway was completed in June 2011 and started operations in July 2011 but capacity was restricted originally until the new terminal was opened. This as due to air movements will need to cross the existing runway to access the older terminals to the east.
At the beginning of 2008 the 1.6 km long New terminal commenced being built. This new terminal will be between the original runway and new runway currently being built. Architect: Massimiliano Fuksas, Rome; Structure, Facade and Parametric Design: Knippers Helbig, Stuttgart. The current terminal was opened on 28 November 2013 after 4 years of construction and planning.
The new terminal is three times the size of terminals A and B and represents a huge upgrade of the airport's facilities and capacity. The new terminal has 450,000 square meters of floor space, 62 boarding gates and the ability to accommodate any type of plane in the world. The new terminal is divided into three parts: a main building and two massive corridors — 1,050 meters long and 650 meters wide — that form a cross shape. The main building has four floors above ground and two floors underground. A connecting Ground Transport Center adjoins the terminal to the south.
Passengers departing from Shenzhen will access check-in service and security checks on the terminal’s fourth floor, and arriving passengers can connect to public transportation at the traffic center on the first and second floors.
The fourth floor has eight check-in areas, labeled A to H, with a total of 192 check-in counters.
A and B check-in areas are for China Southern Airlines.
D and E areas are for international flights and flights to Macao.
The main building's third floor is the waiting area for domestic and international flights, which depart from the east wing.
International departing passengers descend to a Customs and Immigration Hall on the third floor just beyond the central check-in counters. International departure gates are the closest, lining the broad body of the Manta Ray shaped building. Domestic passengers access their departure gates in the long cross shaped section of the terminal building, after descending through security clearance at the far end of the Check-in Hall.
Domestic travelers arriving at the airport can pick up luggage on the second floor, while international passengers will get their luggage on the first floor.
Ground Transportation Center
The baggage areas of Terminal C are short walks away from the General Traffic Center (GTC), where passengers can take buses, taxis and, eventually, Metro trains.
The traffic center offers local and long-distance bus services on the first floor, with taxi and Airport Express Shuttle 330 bus services on the second floor. The underground floor will connect with Metro Line 11, which is under construction and will provide Shenzhen-Hong Kong express services.
Until completion of the metro Line 11, bus M416 will provide a shuttle service to Hourui Station on Luobao Line of Shenzhen Metro. This line served the existing airport terminals and the station is one station south, prior to the Airport East Station. Shuttle cost is currently 2RMB.
Airlines and destinations
Shenzhen Airlines is headquartered on the grounds of the airport. Jade Cargo International was headquartered on the sixth floor of the Shenzhen Airlines Flight Operations Building on grounds of Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport. Shenzhen Donghai Airlines has its head office in the Shenzhen Airlines facility on the airport property.
Regular bus and minibus services links the Airport with the rest of the city. Intercity bus services to some other nearby cities such as Hong Kong and Dongguan are also available.
Local taxis, and often some taxis from Dongguan, can pick up passengers there from three designated waiting areas. These are located at each of the three main exits from the Airport Departure Hall. These will have the capacity to handle 21 taxi cabs picking up passengers simultaneously. Over the opening weekend, the terminal handled 6,858 cabs daily, a fifty percent increase from the previous Terminals A & B.
Private vehicles have a 3-minute parking limit set on them for setting down and picking up passengers alongside the terminal building, with a 500RMB(US$82) fine for not complying.
There are shuttle services connecting the new terminal with Shenzhen Metro Luobao Line. Non-stopping service M416 runs between Hourui Station and the new terminal. Local bus service M417 runs between Airport East Station and new terminal with a few stops.
Fast ferries are available to Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal and Taipa Ferry Terminal in Macau plus to the Skypier Ferry Terminal at Hong Kong International Airport via the nearby Fuyong Pier. Free shuttle buses connect the Pier and the Airport.
Direct services to Hong Kong Island and Kowloon were suspended because the Terminals A & B's long distance from the ferry terminal made it unpopular for commuters. However with the opening of Terminal C, direct services may be resumed because it is much closer.
Airport Express Shuttle Bus
Main shuttle bus service is provided with "330" branded buses. These are located on the western side of the Ground Transportation Center. Two major routes are served, 330 from the Airport to the west square of Shenzhen Railway Station, with 3 stops along the way. From the city to the airport is from Hualian Mansion building (Exit B of Science Museum Station), direct to the airport. City Terminal Check-in services are available for some airlines inside the Hualian Mansion.
The other route, 330B runs from the Airport to Longgang City Terminal in Longgang district.
|330 Air Express Shuttle||Destination||From Airport||To Airport||Pick Up Point|
|330||Shenzhen Railway Station||0745-2400||0630-2200||Hualian Mansion|
|330B||Longgang City Terminal||0800-2200||0620-2030||Longgang City Terminal|
Minor Airport Express Lines are
|Airport Express Line||Destination||From Airport||To Airport|
|2||Shenzhen Railway Station||0745-2400||0630-2200|
|4||Longgang Pinghu South||0800-2200||0600-2040|
|5||Guangming Railway Station||0700-2200||0600-2100|
|7||Buji Zhangshubu Community||0720-2200||0620-2100|
|8||Shenzhen Bay Port||0800-2200||0640-2100|
|9||Huanggang Port Control Point||0800-2200||0630-2100|
|10||Shekou Ferry Terminal||0630-2000||0630-2000|
Airport Regional Bus Services
Cross Border Bus
New City Terminal of Shenzhen Airport opens in Hong Kong, (23 March 2010).
Coach service is provided by Trans Island Limousine Service Ltd serving SZIA and Hong Kong, including Sheung Wan, Causeway Bay, Mong Kok (Prince Edward), Tsim Sha Tsui and Hong Kong International Airport.
A direct coach service, operated by Chinalink Bus Company, is available at Elements Mall in Hong Kong. Passengers may check-in for their flights at the bus terminal but luggage must still be carried to the airport by the passengers. The service operates from Kowloon Station on the Airport Express MTR line direct to the Shenzhen International airport.
It will consist of a series of bridges and tunnels and will cut travel time from Shenzhen to Zhongshan to less than 30 minutes. Construction of the proposed 51 km eight-lane link is scheduled to start in 2015, with completion scheduled for 2021.
- "UPS Launches Shenzhen Flights". Ups.com. 8 February 2010.
- "深圳机场2013年旅客吞吐量3227万人次". Szairport.com. 23 January 2014.
- "New terminal opens Thursday-szdaily多媒体数字报刊平台". Szdaily.sznews.com. 25 November 2013.
- "Contact Us." Shenzhen Airlines. Retrieved on 9 September 2009.
- "Contact Us." Jade Cargo International. Retrieved on 11 July 2010.
- "联系我们." Shenzhen Donghai Airlines. Retrieved on 24 February 2014. "Address:Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport, Shenzhen Airlines. Post code：518128" – Chinese address: "地址：深圳市宝安区宝安国际机场航站四路3009号东海航空基地 邮政编码:518128"
- "Contact Us." SF Airlines. Retrieved on 24 February 2014. "SF Airlines Co., Ltd. Address: No.1 Freight Depot, International Shipping Center of Bao'an International Airport, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, 518128, P.R.C." – Chinese address: "地 址：中国广东省深圳市宝安国际机场国际货运中心1号货站 邮 编：518128"
- "Changes to address airport's commuting woes-szdaily多媒体数字报刊平台". Szdaily.sznews.com. 3 December 2013.
- "Drop-off time limit extended to 3 minutes-szdaily多媒体数字报刊平台". Szdaily.sznews.com. 3 December 2013.
- "New City Terminal of Shenzhen Airport Opens in Hong Kong – Shenzhen Post". Szcpost.com. 24 March 2010.
- "香港九龙机铁站往深圳机场" [Airport Railway Kowloon Station to Shenzhen Airport] (in Chinese). Retrieved 20 July 2011. "香港九龍機鐵站往深圳機場 (全程行車時間：車程約75分鐘) Kowloon, Hong Kong Airport Railway Station to Shenzhen Airport (journey time: about 75 minutes by car)"