Sheopur

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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Sheopur District.
Sheopur
city
Sheopur is located in Madhya Pradesh
Sheopur
Sheopur
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 25°40′N 76°42′E / 25.67°N 76.7°E / 25.67; 76.7Coordinates: 25°40′N 76°42′E / 25.67°N 76.7°E / 25.67; 76.7
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Sheopur
Elevation 229 m (751 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 105,026
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 476337
Vehicle registration MP-31
Sex ratio 932 /
Website www.sheopur.nic.in

Sheopur is a city in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. It is the administrative headquarters of Sheopur District. Sheopur is linked by rail to Gwalior. The town is traditionally famous for its wood carving. This is the western most town of Madhya Pradesh, Chambal River is just 25 km, which forms the boundary between Rajasthan and MP states.[1][citation needed]

Sheopur can be reached via train and buses from Gwalior which is 240 km from Sheopur.Sheopur is located at northern part of Madhya Pradesh. Some of the main locations are Vijaipur, Karahal and Badoda. Major tourist attraction is Palpur (kuno) wildlife sanctuary. The well-known Kaketa reservoir is located in this district. The art of woodcarving has flourished in district Sheopur and the beautifully embellished wooden ceilings, doors and lintels with finely carved designs are silent testimonials of its glory. The wood carvers of Sheopur, with great sensitivity and skill transform different varieties of wood. The crafts persons of Sheopur make pipes, masks, toys, doors, stands, windows, wooden memorials, flower vases, bedposts and cradle posts etc.

The important rivers like Chambal, Seep and Kuno drain the district. The Chambal, which originates in the Indore district, forms the northwestern boundary of Madhya Pradesh with Rajasthan.

History[edit]

There is no conclusive documented source available to tracing the historical origin of Sheopur Fort. However a Jain pillar edict dated 1026 A.D. refers to the existence of the Sheopur fort. The 11th A.D. the famous poet Khadag Rai of Gwalior in his renowned work Gopanchal Akyan mentions Sheopur. According to his account the king of Nareshar Ajay Pal (1194–1219) had declared Sheopur as his capital.

In 1301 A.D. Alauddin Khilji on winning the Ranthambhor fort captured the Sheopur fort also which was under king Hammir Dev at that time. In 1489, Sultan Mahmood Khilji of malwa won it and established an integrated part of malwa Sultanate.

In 1542, Sher Shah Suri captured the Sheopur fort. During his time an Idgah and after death of his commander Munabber Khan a grand masolum made by his son Islam Shah is the interesting example of Architecture of that time.

After that Surjan Singh Hada the King of Bundi captured Sheopur fort. In 1547, Akbar captured the fort and consequently it because part of Gwalior Maharaja Daulat Rao Scindia had to fight the Gaur king Radhika Das to capture the fort the Gaurs of Agra had been awarded the Sheopur fort as karad kings by Mugals and generations of Vats Raj Gaur continued to rule from it, before succumbing to the Scindias.

The 225 years history of the Sipahad kingdom as it is called a saga of untold valur and forcefully independent cultural identity. This is reflected there architectural remains, which are individual thriving tradition of performing art, paintings, sculpture and highly artistic style of living. The individual palace of Narsingh Gaur, Rani mahal or Goojri mahal are striking examples of Gaur architecture. The chhartries built as a mark of respect for the king Indar Singh Gaur & and Kishor Das Gaur after the demis is silent and solemn examples of symmetrically well-crafted architecture. The Scandias remained in control of the fort till India acquired independence. They contributed of the grandeur of the fort by adding new dimensions to its resplendent remarks. The late Maharaja Madavrao Scindia built a Diwan-A-Aam, The Darbar Hall, and a state guesthouse presently the Diwan-A-Aam.

The site of a Sahariya Museum, this is a window to the word of Saharia life partners, who rank as one of few existing primitive tribes of India. A few portion of the fort have been taken over by the M.P. Archeological Department for protections and conservation.

Education[edit]

For graduation and Post graduation following colleges are there

  • Govt. Madhavrao Scindia P.G. College
  • Adarsh Mahavidhalaya
  • Sheopur Institute of Professional Studies
  • Shri Ganesh Mahavidhyalaya Vijaipur
  • Vinayak College.
  • Shri Ram Institute(College) Sheopur.
  • Govt. polytechnic college, sheopur.
  • Aspire Computer Education.

There are several schools including C.B.S.E. and state Board Schools

C.B.S.E. Schools include Jawahar Navodaya Vidhalaya, Kendriya Vidhalaya, St. Pius School, Modern Convent School and Rajeev Gandhi Memorial Boarding School.

State Board Schools include Government and private institutions including Excellence School, Govt. Girls School, Hajareswar School, Harihar School, Saraswati School, Gurunanak Public School, Madhavrao Scindia School, Nehru School of the several others.

Transport[edit]

By Air: The nearest airport to Sheopur is Gwalior. This airport is well connected with Delhi, Bhopal,By Rail: As with other light railways in the former princely state of sGwalior (now part of the Central Railway in Madhya Pradesh) these 200 km of 610mm gauge lines were originally sponsored by the Maharaja of Gwalior, reaching Sheopur in 1909. This railway line has been nominated by Indian government for the World Heritage site.

By Road: Sheopur is connected by regular bus services with Gwalior, Morena, Sawai Madhopur, Shivpuri, Baran and Kota. Sheopur is 210 km from Gwalior and 230 km from Mo

Division[edit]

The district is divided into two sub divisions of Sheopur and Vijaypur. Five Tehsils (Sheopur, Karhal, Vijaypur, Baroda, Beerpur), three blocks (Sheopur, Karhal, Vijaypur, birpur) and three Nagarpalikas (Sheopur, Baroda, Vijaypur).

Geography[edit]

Sheopur is located at 25°40′N 76°42′E / 25.67°N 76.7°E / 25.67; 76.7.[2] It has an average elevation of 229 metres (751 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2010 India census,[3] Sheopur had a population of 105026. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sheopur has an average literacy rate of 72%, lower than the national average of 76%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 56%. In Sheopur, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Main schools of Sheopur are Harihar Vidhya Peeth, Infant Jesus, Saraswati school and Rajeev Gandhi Memorial Boarding School. World famous lion project in Kuno palpur is situated 70 km from the city.

In last few years level of education has been improved surprisingly as many students have cracked in competitive examination like CAT, AIMAT, IIT, AIEEE and PMT. etc.

Economy[edit]

About 50 percent of the geographical area is available for cultivation. About 58.74 percent of the cultivable area in the district is irrigated. Canal is the major source of irrigation. Wheat is the most important food grain grown in the district. Mustard is the most important oil seed grown in the district. In Sheopur District there are total 156 running small scale industries, based on pipes, masks, toys, doors, stands, windows, wooden memorials, flower vases, bedposts and cradle posts etc.

Government[edit]

The District Collector is the head of the Sheopur district, who is in charge of all the activities of Sheopur. municipal head of the sheopur town is the president of nagar palika. while the M.L.A. and M.P. are the political heads of the district.

Culture[edit]

In Sheopur the major spoken language is Hindi and local dialect is Hadoti.

Folk Dances:-

Ahiri Dance:-

This dance is related to people who have traditionally been in the business of cattle herding. In different parts of the state these people are known by different castes such as Ahir, Baredi, Gwal, Rawat, Raut, Gwala etc.

Baredi or Yadav dance of Bundelkhand:-

This dance has been associated with the biggest Hindu festival Diwali. On the night of Diwali people worship Laxmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth (after all no body can live without money), and cattle. Next day on the occasion of "Padva" or "Parva" cattle are sent to jungles or ranches after being decorated with flowers and garlands. They are given special dishes as food. Yadav dance is performed on the same occasion. Dancers dance in a circular path while singing songs. Sometimes they sit or lie down on earth and suddenly they restart their dance. Rhythm of the song is very low in starting and increases with time. Music instruments are started only when two lines of the song are finished. Primarily these are two line couplets. Sometimes these are in form of questions and answers. This dance continues till Kartik Purnima.

Dress:-

Dancers, instrument beaters and their associates wear a clean turban on head. Some people like to put on Dhoti up to knees (long cloth wore by men enwrapping their waist). Some people specially dancers wear colorful shorts. Dancers also keep bunch of peacock feathers.

Saharia Dances:-

Saharias are tribal people who live in jungles. They work in farms and also collect medicinal plants from jungles. There are several dances of Saharias. Some of the important ones are: Lur Dance, Lanhgi Dance, Dul-Dul Ghodi Dance, Raya Dance, Ada-Khada Dance.

Lur dance of Saharias:-

This dance is performed on the occasion of marriage starting from the day of ritual of "Haldi" (In this ritual whole body is pasted with turmeric and after sometime it is removed so the body is cleaned) till the arrival of Barat (Bridegroom comes to the house of the bride with his relatives and friends for marriage ceremony).

Lanhgi dance of Saharias:-

This dance is also known as Danda(baton) dance because Saharias dance with small batons in their hands with which they strike at each other and perform Lanhgi dance. Only men are allowed in it. This dance is performed on the occasion of Bhujarias, Teja ji puja and Aekadashi etc.

Dul-Dul Ghori dance:-

This dance is performed on the occasion of marriage by males. In this dance a hollow case of ghori (mare) is prepared of bamboo sticks. The dancer stands in the hollow place and dances. (Depicts various movements of mare.) There is also a joker in women clothing. People sing folk songs during the dance.

Musical instruments:-

Mradang, Dholak, Ramtula, Dhapli, Manzira, Jhanz etc. are used in this dance.

Visiting places[edit]

Fort Sheopur:-

The Rani Mahal, Darbar Hall and Saharia Museum are some attractive sites in the fort to visit. Baradari, PWD Guest House and some pathways are also the points of interest for the people visiting the fort.

Doob Kund:-

In Sheopur district, there was a city in the Chambal valley of Sheopur tehsil at some distance from river Kuno known as `Dom`. It was the capital of Kachhwaha Kingdom. Here stands 81 feet high, large and square `Chaubisi of Jain Tirthankaras`, which is still worth seeing. The pillars standing on the `Kalash` remind us of the art of their architects. In the middle of the Chaubisi, one could see a kund where the statues where sunk. Since then, it is called Doob Kund. Outside it, there are the remains of Har Gauri Temple. This statuary group was built in the 11th century.

Ram-Janki Temple:-

It is situated at the bank of Seep river, near to the fort of the sheopur. You can easily reach here by local transport system. the temple was built in the 15th century and is famous for ram-janki statue. The mahant of the temple is shri Rambharos ji maharaj. Every year a big celebration is held on the occasion of Ramnavami, which is the main attraction of the temple.

Sangam Of Rameshwar:-

It is situated at the Sangam of rivers Banas, Seep and Chambal is full of natural beauties. It is 959 feet high from seashore. Since rivers Banas, Seep and Chambal join here, the place is known as the Sangam of Rameshwar. A local fair is held here every year. It is an attraction for the tourists especially for the people of Rajasthan. Lord Parushram meditated here for long 12 years after killing his mother.

Vijaipur Durg:-

At the bank of river Kunari, there stands a fort known as Majhola durg. Vijay Singh, the King of Karauli, built it.

Other places:-

  • Dhruv Kund Utanwad
  • Devari Hanuman Mandir
  • Eidgah SHER SHAH SURI (Garden)
  • MASJID Kumedan sahab ka Baag and BANGLOW
  • Dargah Nimoda Shareef
  • The temple of Devi Panwara
  • The temple of Shironi Hanuman
  • The water temple of Baroda
  • The temple of Khhetrapal Jaini
  • The double bridge at the canal over seep river
  • Qazi ji and Bivi ji ki Bawri
  • Jinn ki Masjid,Fort
  • javad vale hanuman ji davrsa
  • jhuvari sangam parvati river.

Kuno Wild Life Sanctuary[edit]

Location:-

Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary, located between latitudes 25degree 30second - 25degree 53second N and longitudes 77degree 07second – 77degree 26second E, is situated in the Sheopur district of north-west Madhya Pradesh. The total area is 344.686 km2 out of which 313.984 km2 is forest land and 30.702 km2 is revenue land in the Sheopur and Vijapur tehsils of Sheopur district. The Palpur (Kuno) wildlife sanctuary was notified vide Government of Madhya Pradesh Forest Department’s Notification No. 15/8/79/10/2, Bhopal, dated 16.1.1981.

This sanctuary is situated at Vijaypur and Sheopur tehsils in Sheopur district. It is 15 km. from the Sesaipura bus stand on Shivpuri-Sheopur road. It can be approached by bus or taxi from Sesaipura bus stand. It can also be approached from Pohari of district Shivpuri at the distance of 25 km. The sanctuary is situated in an isolated hill, sloping in all directions.

Climate:-

The average rainfall in the area is 750 mm per year. The maximum temperature can rise up to 49 degree C while the minimum temperature recorded has been 2 degree C.

Physiography:-

The general physiography of the terrain is hilly. It comes under the Vindhya series. The sanctuary falls in the semi-arid zone and has a typical terrain of Central Indian highlands, interspersed with woodlands and meadows. The soil is sandy and sandy-loam, showing a spatial variation in depth. River kuno, a tributary of the Chambal, vertically bisects the sanctuary from north to south. It occupies an area of 5.90 km2 in the sanctuary. A number of major nallahs like Lankahkhoh, Kudikheda, Durredi, Aamkhoh originate from the gorges located on the west, join river Kuno. Similarly, the Dabhona nallah, Naharkunda nallah, Gangoli nallah etc. originating from the eastern Khohs, meet the Kuno river at various sites.

Fauna:-

All the faunal representatives of the dry deciduous forest of the Central India can be found in Kuno i.e. Panther, Tiger, Chital, Sambhar, Black Deer, Chinkara, Bear, Blue bull, Chausingha, Jungle cat, Barking Deer, Monkey, Jackals, Hyena, Wild Boar, Fox, Kobra, Nag, Python, Peacock, Kala Teetar, Tree pie, Golden orioles, Drongo, Rollers, Jangli, murgi, Phakta, Bhura, Teetar.

Flora:-

The Kuno sanctuary consists of dry deciduous forests interspersed with grasslands. Tree : Kardhai, Gurjan, Kher, Kusum, Gurjan, Mahua, Guner, Haldoo, Kullu, Kahua, Semal, Bahera, Tendu, Palas, Bel, Chind, Anwala, Harsingar, Chind, Satawar; Parasites : Bamdha, Amarbel;Grasses : Doob, Lumpy, Machai, Guner, Ponea, Phulara.

How to reach:-

This sanctuary is situated at Vijaypur and Sheopur tehsils in Sheopur district. It is 15 km from the Sesaipura bus stand on Shivpuri-Sheopur road. It can be approached by bus or taxi from Sesaipura bus stand. It can also be approached from Pohari of district Shivpuri at the distance of 25 km. The sanctuary is situated in an isolated hill, sloping in all directions.

Where to stay

Accommodation for Palpur Kuno Sanctuary :

Forest Rest House Sesaipura, Karahal & Palpur (within sanctuary)

CONTACT: -

Divisional Forest Officer, PALPUR SANCTUARY HQ AT shivpuri

- S.D.O.{F} PALPUR SANCTUARY HQ AT pohari.

- PWD Rest House, Sesaipura -GARDEN EIDGAH IS THE HISTORICAL PLACE OF SHEOPUR HIS BUILD by SULTAN SHERSHAH SOORI

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]