|Denomination||Reformed Church in America|
|Founder(s)||Robert H. Schuller|
|Senior pastor(s)||Lawrence Wilkes (interim)|
Shepherd's Grove is a congregation of the Reformed Church in America in Garden Grove, California, United States. The church was founded by Robert H. Schuller in 1955 as the Garden Grove Community Church and renamed itself to Crystal Cathedral Ministries after its church building the Crystal Cathedral in 1981. The congregation is known worldwide as the producer of the Hour of Power weekly American Christian television program.
On October 18, 2010, the board of Crystal Cathedral Ministries filed for bankruptcy in Santa Ana, California. In February 2012, as part of the bankruptcy proceeding, the congregation sold the Crystal Cathedral building to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orange. Under the terms of the sale, Crystal Cathedral Ministries leased the building from the diocese until July 2013. The congregation has stated that it will continue its ministry and is searching for a new location; it currently is housed on the former site of St. Callistus Catholic church and school in Garden Grove.
Affiliated with the Reformed Church in America, the Garden Grove Community Church was founded in 1955 by Robert H. Schuller and his wife Arvella. The first church services were held in space rented from the Orange Drive-In Theatre.
In 1961, the congregation moved to a new sanctuary designed by architect Richard Neutra. In 1968, The Tower of Hope was completed, providing office and classroom space. Continued growth led to the need for a new facility. Schuller envisioned a unique facility with walls made of glass and commissioned noted architect Philip Johnson to put his dream into reality. Construction on the Crystal Cathedral began in 1977 and was completed in 1980, built at a cost of $18 million. Upon moving from the old Neutra sanctuary to the new Johnson sanctuary, the congregation changed its name to the Crystal Cathedral.
On January 22, 2006, Schuller retired as the senior pastor of the Crystal Cathedral. His son, Robert A. Schuller, was installed as the second senior pastor of the church and head of the Hour of Power TV program. On October 25, 2008, the elder Schuller announced the removal of his son from the Hour of Power broadcast, citing "a lack of shared vision". In a prepared statement, Robert H. Schuller stated that "different ideas as to the direction and the vision for this ministry" with his son "made it necessary... to part ways in the Hour of Power television ministry." It was subsequently announced on November 29, 2008, that Robert A. Schuller had resigned from his position as senior pastor of the Crystal Cathedral. Juan Carlos Ortiz was named as interim senior pastor while the search for a permanent replacement was conducted. Robert H. Schuller stated in a press release, "All the services will continue to be broadcast from the world-renowned Crystal Cathedral with our great tradition of the most beautiful church music in the world." Sheila Schuller Coleman later replaced her brother as the senior pastor, vowing to continue the original vision of her father's ministry. Coleman subsequently changed the format of the service to a more contemporary style with praise and worship bands in place of the traditional choir and organ. Attendance, however, declined until the church could no longer pay its bills. Prior to Coleman's departure the worship service attendance had dwindled to less than 400 people.
On March 10, 2012, it was announced that Robert H. Schuller and his wife, Arvella, had resigned from the church's board. The following day, March 11, 2012, Sheila Schuller Coleman announced at the morning service that she was leaving the church, stating that "This is the last Sunday we will be worshiping in this building." The Reverend Bill Bennett, the minister currently in charge, said that the ministry will continue but with a more traditional service. After the departure of Sheila Coleman, and the reinstatement of the more traditional worship style, attendance began to increase once again with previous long time members returning to the church. The increase in attendance and giving came too late, however, as the church had already been sold.
From its inception, the Crystal Cathedral was known for the quality of its music program and the eclectic variety of its musical guests. This was primarily due to the efforts and vision of Arvella Schuller, an organist and wife of the founding pastor. Organist Frederick Swann and orchestra director Johnnie Carl were commissioned by Arvella Schuller to create and maintain a strong musical voice for the Crystal Cathedral. Upon Swann's retirement, Don Neuen was hired as choir director in 1999. Neuen was asked to create a world class choir on the level of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir.
On December 16, 2004, Carl fired several bullets in his office at the church shortly before the annual The Glory of Christmas program was about to begin. The shots were fired in the vacant concourse area and no one was injured. Carl eventually committed suicide. In his 29 years as orchestra director, Carl wrote more than 3,500 arrangements in his service to the Crystal Cathedral. At the time of his death, he was 57 years old. After Carl's death, composer Marc Riley replaced him as the orchestra director.
The traditional music program was led by Swann, Neuen, Riley, and various organists including Richard Unfreid, Frederick Swann, Mark Thallander, Peter Baichi, Heather Hinton, J. Christopher Pardini, Sean Groombridge, and Thomas Leonard, until 2010.
Leadership at the Crystal Cathedral began "vetting" choir members to ensure they were "emotionally and spiritually fit" as well as asking them to sign a covenant regarding homosexual behavior which resulted in many leaving the church.
Under Sheila Schuller Coleman's leadership, worship changed from a traditional hymn-based style to a "praise" style, culminating with the hire of Scott V. Smith and Debbie McClendon Smith as worship and music leaders. In March 2012, Coleman announced her departure as head pastor. Since then, the services at the Crystal Cathedral and the Hour of Power television program have returned to traditional music and choir. Now known as Shepherd's Grove, many previously involved with the music ministry have returned: Don Neuen again serves as choir director, and Marc Riley serves as orchestra director. Sae Wan Yang is senior organist, and John von Wolzogen serves as handbell director.
Hour of Power broadcast
The Crystal Cathedral broadcast church services around the world on a television show called the Hour of Power, which at one point attracted 1.3 million viewers in 156 countries. The church provided facilities for those of a similar faith to congregate and offered campus services including support groups, Sunday school classes and daily Christian gatherings.
The church featured the testimonies of prominent people during the Hour of Power services. Notable guests have included former USSR president Mikhail Gorbachev, former president of India A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, former United States Vice President Al Gore, former United States Attorney General John Ashcroft, former Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee, noted Catholic broadcaster Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen, musician John Tesh, Christian singer Jaci Velasquez, pianist Roger Williams, flautist Sir James Galway, Christian singer Joy Williams, Backstreet Boys member and Christian singer Brian Littrell, Christian singer Natalie Grant, Christian rock band Sonicflood, singer Robert Sims, American tenor Daniel Rodriguez, musical group The Oak Ridge Boys, Christian singer Sara Groves, Irish tenor Ronan Tynan; former tennis star Michael Chang, actors Kirk Douglas, Roy Rogers, Noah Gray-Cabey, and Denzel Washington, radio talk-show host Laura Schlessinger, and MLB baseball player Kirk Gibson.
2010 bankruptcy application
Beginning in 2010, creditors filed lawsuits to collect money due to them for providing goods, services and broadcasting The Hour of Power weekly TV show. A board member said that the total debt was $55 million. The church's board filed for bankruptcy on October 18, 2010, citing $43 million in debt including a $36 million mortgage and $7.5 million in other debt. Church officials said that they had been trying to negotiate payments but after several suits were filed and writs of attachment were granted the church had to declare bankruptcy. The church has received offers for the building from a real estate investment group and from Chapman University, both with the provision of being leased back to the church.
On November 17, 2011, a federal judge approved selling the Crystal Cathedral to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orange.
- Campbell, Ronald (February 4, 2012). "Crystal Cathedral is sold". The Orange County Register. p. Local 1. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "History – 1955 to Today". Crystal Cathedral Ministries. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
- Lindsey, Robert (May 15, 1980). "Opening of Glass Cathedral Is a Feast for Eyes and Ears". The New York Times. p. A20. Retrieved 2010-03-05.
- "'Hour of Power' Preacher Removed by Father". News (Fox). 2008-10-26. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
- Schuller, Robert H (October 26, 2008). "America’s Television Church ― The Church of Tomorrow" (Press release). Crystal Cathedral Ministries. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "Robert Anthony Schuller Steps Down as Senior Pastor of Crystal Cathedral Congregation" (Press release). November 29, 2008. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Santa Cruz, Nicole (March 12, 2012). "Crystal Cathedral divided as Schullers leave, changes planned". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- "Orchestra conductor at Crystal Cathedral kills self after standoff". USA Today. Associated Press. December 17, 2004. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Bharath, Deepa (October 7, 2010). "Tribute to Crystal Cathedral choral director a sign of rift". The Orange County Register. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Bharath, Deepa (March 16, 2011). "Crystal Cathedral choir asked to sign anti-gay covenant". The Orange County Register. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- "Megachurch wants choir to sign anti-gay covenant". USA Today. Associated Press. March 16, 2011. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Lovett, Ian (March 11, 2012). "Founding Family Decides to Leave Crystal Cathedral". The New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- "Hour of Power pastor Robert Schuller retiring". The Star (Toronto). July 11, 2010.
- "Crystal Cathedral owes $7.5m to small business owners". CBS Los Angeles. October 16, 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Bharath, Deepa (October 19, 2010). "Crystal Cathedral, creditors at $7.5 million impasse". The Orange County Register. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- "Crystal Cathedral megachurch files for bankruptcy". USA Today. Associated Press. October 19, 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Bharath, Deepa (May 26, 2011). "Crystal Cathedral to be sold to pay millions in debt". The Orange County Register. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Bharath, Deepa (July 5, 2011). "Chapman offers $46 million for Crystal Cathedral". The Orange County Register. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
- "Southern California considers buying Crystal Cathedral". Catholicnewsagency.com. 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2011-07-08.
- "Judge approves Crystal Cathedral sale to diocese". seattletimes.nwsource.com. 2011-11-17. Retrieved 2011-11-18.
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