Shepherdia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Shepherdia
Shepherdia argentia 1.jpg
Shepherdia argentea, western Nevada
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Genus: Shepherdia
Nutt.
Species

See text

Shepherdia distribution.svg

Shepherdia, commonly called buffaloberries or bullberries, are a genus of small shrubs in the Elaeagnaceae Family.

The plants are native to northern and western North America.[1] They are non-legume nitrogen fixers.

Species[edit]

The genus has three species:

Fruit[edit]

The berry is recognizable by being a dark shade of red, with little white dots on them. They are rough to the touch, and found on both trees and shrubs.

Wildlife[edit]

The plants have rather bitter tasting berries. The fruit are often eaten by bears, which by legend, prefer the berries to maintain fat stores during hibernation.[3]

Buffaloberries are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including The Engrailed (recorded from S. canadensis) and Coleophora elaeagnisella.

Culinary[edit]

Buffaloberries are edible by humans. They are quite sour, and afterwards leave the mouth a little dry. A touch of frost will sweeten the berries. The berries can be made into jelly, jam, or syrup, soups, or prepared like cranberry sauce from berries.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shepherdia Nutt.". USDA PLANTS . 
  2. ^ "Silver buffaloberry". 
  3. ^ a b Elias, Professor, Thomas S. (1983). Edible Wild Plants A North American Field Guide (Digitized online by Google books). Peter A. Dykeman. Cengage Learning. pp. 9–28, 258. ISBN 0-442-22254-8. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 

External links[edit]