|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2013)|
|Alternative names||Kali, keli, soda powder|
|Main ingredients||Sugar, flavouring, edible acid and base|
The word "sherbet" is from Turkish "şerbet", which is from Persian "شربت", which in turn comes from "sharbat", Arabic "sharba" a drink, from "shariba" to drink. Also called "sorbet", which comes from French "sorbet", from Italian "sorbetto" and in turn from Turkish "şerbet". The word is cognate to syrup in English. Historically it was a cool effervescent or iced fruit soft drink. The meaning, spelling and pronunciation have fractured between different countries. It is usually spelled "sherbet", but a common pronunciation changes this to "sherbert".
In Northern England, in particular Lancashire, sherbet and kali are two very different confections. Sherbet is generally recognised to be a powder-based substance of the type found with liquorice (sherbet fountain) or arrowroot sticks . Kali however, is of a crystal form. Often found packaged in straws and available in a variety of colours and flavours. Both sherbet and kali may be fizzy.
Beginning with the 19th century sherbet powder (soda powder) became popular. "Put a spoonful of the powder in a cup of water, mix it and drink it as soon as possible, during the time of sparkling. ... Because this way the most of acid of air is lost ... it is more practicable to put the powder into the mouth and flush it with some water." 2 g of sodium bicarbonate and 1.5 g of tartaric acid were separately packed in little coloured paper bags.[clarification needed]
Sherbet in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries is a fizzy powder, containing sugar and flavouring, and an edible acid and base. The acid may be tartaric, citric or malic acid, and the base may be sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, or a mixture of these and/or other similar carbonates . To this is added a large amount of sugar to mask the unappetising flavour of the reactive powders, and fruit or cream soda flavouring.
The acid-carbonate reaction occurs upon presence of moisture (juice/saliva). Sherbet used to be stirred into various beverages to make effervescing drinks, in a similar way to making lemonade from lemonade powders, before canned carbonated drinks became ubiquitous. Sherbet is now used to mean this powder sold as a sweet. (In the United States, it would be somewhat comparable to the powder in Pixy Stix or Fun Dip, though having the fizzy quality of effervescing candy, such as Pop Rocks.)
Sherbet has a dual role in the modern sweet world, acting in both solo form and as a decorative agent on other sweets. The most common occurrences are detailed below, but this list is not exhaustive. Dimensions of sherbet include granularity, colour, zing (acidity) and flavouring (normally a citrus fruit).
The sherbet lemon is a popular sweet in the UK, and is included in many sweet shops. It is the main flavour of boiled sweets with powdered sherbet centres - such as sherbet fruits, where sherbet limes, strawberries, blackcurrants, raspberries and orange are popular flavours. The sherbet lemon has a citrus taste and is sour and also tangy. The sherbet in the middle explodes, making the sweet suddenly more sour.
In the Harry Potter series, the passphrase 'Sherbet Lemon,' was used to access Headmaster Dumbledore's office.
Barratt's "Sherbet Fountain" consists of sherbet and a stick made from liquorice, sold since 1925. In 2009 a plastic tube with twist-off lid, replaced the traditional paper packaging with the liquorice stick poking through the end, much to the fury of the traditionalist Daily Mail newspaper. In the traditional paper packaging, the top of the stick was intended to be bitten off to form a straw and the sherbet sucked through it, where it fizzes and dissolves on the tongue. The "new" format only includes a solid liquorice stick, so the sherbet must be licked off that, or eaten directly. This method of consumption was also considered acceptable with the original packaging. This is advertised on the packet as "Sherbet with a liquorice dip". This is a completely different experience from the original paper-wrapped sweet.
The manufacturer, Barratt, is a subsidiary of Tangerine Confectionery.
Fruit flavoured with lollipop
Sherbet dips or Sherbet Dabs are also popular, such as the Dip Dab by Barratt. They consist of a small packet of sherbet, with a lollipop sealed into the bag. Once the lollipop has been licked, it can be dipped into the sherbet and then sucked clean, alternatively it can simply be used to shovel the sherbet into the mouth.
Another popular type of sherbet dip is the Double Dip by Swizzels Matlow, where the packet is divided into three sections; one contains an edible stick which can be licked and then dipped into the other sections, each of which contains a different flavour of sherbet (for example strawberry, orange, cola).
Plastic straws filled purely with fruit-flavoured sherbet. The most common lengths are 10 cm and 50 cm. The price of these straws range from 5p to £2.00 in the UK depending on size, make and flavour. Normally found in newsagents.
Small dimpled discs made from edible coloured paper (rice paper), typically filled with white unflavoured sherbet (the same form as in Sherbet Fountains). The first flying saucers were produced in the 1960s.
Sherbet is incorporated into other sweets. For example it is used to give gum based sweets an interesting surface texture and zing (notably cola bottles, fruit strips).
Sherbet has been used in parts of both the UK and Australia as slang for an alcoholic drink, especially beer. This use is noted in a slang dictionary as early as 1890, and still appears in list of slang terms written today (especially lists of Australian slang). "We're heading to the pub for a few sherbets." - … pints of beer."
- Sharbat (Middle Eastern drink)
- Italian ice
- Pixy Stix - a popular brand of Dextrose-rich sherbet powder manufactured by The Willy Wonka Candy Company.
- Swizzels Matlow - notable manufacturer of sherbet products
- Brausepulver in Meyers Konversations-Lexikon (1895)
- Anne Shooter (30 April 2009). "A makeover for sherbet fountains? They're messing with our heritage". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 3 February 2011.
- Williamson, Laura (28 April 2009). "Killjoys take the fun out of the Sherbet Fountain to make it more 'hygienic'". Daily Mail (London).
- Simon Bowers (2008-01-18). "Cadbury sells Barratt's Sherbet Fountain firm for £58m". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "Google Image Result for http://www.partydelights.co.uk/images/sweets/SWEE58/SWEE58.JPG". Google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "Our sweetest memory, a sherbet flying saucer". Daily Mail (London). 6 October 2004. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
- "Sherbet". dictionary.com. n.d. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Cocaine". Drug Information Online. n.d. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
|Look up sherbet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Of the Street Sale of Ginger-Beer, Sherbet, Lemonade,&C., from London Labour and the London Poor, Volume 1, Henry Mayhew, 1851; subsequent pages cover the costs and income of street sherbet sellers.
- Tangerine Confectionery homepage
- Instructions to make sherbet