Sherborne shown within Gloucestershire
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Sherborne is a village and civil parish almost 3.5 miles (5.6 km) east of Northleach in Gloucestershire. Sherborne is a linear village, extending more than a mile along the valley of Sherborne Brook, a tributary of the River Windrush.
Manor and church
Coenwulf of Mercia, who reigned from AD 796 to 821, is credited with giving the manor of Sherborne to Winchcombe Abbey. The Domesday Book records that the abbey held Sherborne in 1086. Edward I stayed in Sherborne in 1382. In 1539 the abbey was suppressed in the Dissolution of the Monasteries and the Crown took its lands.
Sherborne had a parish church by 1175, when it was listed amongst the property of Winchcombe Abbey. The original church building no longer exists, but a 19th-century cottage at the east end of the village incorporates two Norman doorways and other details said to have been recovered from an orchard at the same end of the village.
The present Church of England parish church of Saint Mary Magdalene is in the centre of the village. Its bell-tower and spire were built late in the 13th or early in the 14th century. The church is next to Sherborne House, which was built for Thomas Dutton after he bought the manor of Sherborne in 1551. Elizabeth I stayed at the house in 1592. John Dutton had the house re-faced in 1651-53, and James Dutton, 1st Baron Sherborne had alterations made to the church between 1743 and 1776, including the addition of a Doric portico. In 1850-59 John Baron Dutton, 2nd Baron Sherborne had the medieval nave and aisle of the church demolished to allow more light into Sherborne House, and had a new nave and sanctuary built further north. The church contains numerous ornate monuments to members of the Dutton family. The tower has a ring of six bells. The oldest is medieval; three more were cast in 1653 and the remaining two are 18th-century.
In 1624-40 John Dutton acquired land 2 miles (3.2 km) southwest of the village to create a deer park. He had The Lodge built as a viewing stand to watch deer being coursed by greyhounds. In 1898 it was extended for Susan, Lady Sherborne and converted into a house. The National Trust now owns The Lodge and Sherborne Estate. Sherborne House is privately owned and not open to the public.
In 1086 the village had four watermills on Sherborne Brook. By the end of the 19th century only Duckleston Mill, at the west end of the village, remained, and it was disused. In 1961 it was still standing but had been converted into a farmhouse.
The 2nd Baron Sherborne established two schools for boys in 1824. They were merged in 1862, and a schoolhouse was built for them in 1868. By 1906 it had been enlarged to take 165 pupils, but by 1938 attendance had fallen to 80. By 1961 it was a junior school. It is now a Church of England primary school.
Sherborne still has a Post Office.
- Elrington, C.R. (1964). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Gloucester, Volume 6. pp. 120–127.
- Verey, David (1970). The Buildings of England: Gloucestershire: The Cotswolds. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 385–386. ISBN 0-14-071040-X.
- Eilert Ekwall, Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.416.
- Elrington, 1964, pages 120-127
- Verey, 1970, page 398
- Verey, 1970, page 394
- Verey, 1970, page 395
- Verey, 1970, page 396
- The Gloucester & Bristol Diocesan Association of Church Bell Ringers, Cirencester Branch
- Verey, 1970, page 397
- The National Trust: Lodge Park and Sherborne Estate
- Sherborne Church of England Primary School