The Sherbrooke Vert & Or CIS football team began its second incarnation in 2003, thirty years after the first program was dropped in 1973. The Vert & Or first began play in 1971 in the Quebec Universities Athletic Association, but only played for three seasons. The program was dropped after the 1973 season due to a shift in philosophy as many francophone universities placed an emphasis on community involvement and intramural athletic activities as opposed to intercollegiate athletics. That philosophy has shifted back to intercollegiate sports as Université Laval, Université de Montréal and Sherbrooke each began programs in 1996, 2002 and 2003, respectively.
The current football program has seen mixed success, with teams only qualifying for the postseason three times in its first eight years. However, the Vert & Or have shown progress as they played in their first Dunsmore Cup in 2010, losing a close game to the Laval Rouge et Or. Then, in 2011, Sherbrooke finished in 2nd place in the Quebec conference and hosted their first playoff game. Consequently, then head coach André Bolduc was named the RSEQ coach of the year. The team finished in third place in 2012 and appeared in their second Dunsmore Cup, but once again lost to Laval.