Sheridan, South Dakota

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Sheridan, South Dakota
Golden City
Ghost town
Sheridan is located in South Dakota
Sheridan
Sheridan
Location within the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°58′37″N 103°28′14″W / 43.9769321°N 103.4704676°W / 43.9769321; -103.4704676Coordinates: 43°58′37″N 103°28′14″W / 43.9769321°N 103.4704676°W / 43.9769321; -103.4704676[1]
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Pennington
Founded 1875
Named for Philip Sheridan
Elevation[1] 4,626 ft (1,410 m)
Time zone Mountain Standard Time (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
GNIS feature ID[2] 1264593

Sheridan, originally called Golden City, was an early mining camp in Pennington County, South Dakota, United States. It was the first county seat of Pennington County from 1877 to 1878.[3] It is now submerged under Sheridan Lake.[4]

History[edit]

Founding and growth[edit]

Sheridan began as a gold mining camp in the Black Hills, was laid out in the spring of 1875, and was originally called Golden City. It is the third oldest camp in the Black Hills.[5] There were several mines in the area, including the Queen Bee, J.R., Blue Lead, and Calumet. One of the first rich placers was found there in 1875. That October, $3,000 worth of gold was taken out by placer miners. By February 1876, Golden City had several residents, four stores, and many houses. A stage line connecting Deadwood to Denver ran through the town, leading to more growth. In 1877, the town was renamed to Sheridan, in honor of U.S. Army General Philip Sheridan. It became the temporary county seat of Pennington County. The courthouse was built by the citizens in late 1877[3] and that October,[5] held the first term of the U.S. Circuit Court west of the Missouri River.[4]

Decline and abandonment[edit]

The circuit court later moved to Deadwood and the stage line changed course.[3] In 1878, the county seat moved to Rapid City.[4] In the mid-1880s, the town caught fire, and many buildings were destroyed. By 1920, there were only 10 residents in Sheridan, and the nearby mines were quickly failing.[3] Eventually, Sheridan became a ghost town. In 1939, Spring Creek was dammed and Sheridan was submerged under the new Sheridan Lake.[4]

The only thing that remains of Sheridan is a one-story house that was moved six miles to the south just before the creek was dammed, on the edge of a small meadow. This house once belonged to Johnny and Kit Good and had 12 outside doors.[3]

Geography[edit]

Sheridan is located in the Black Hills of Pennington County, South Dakota, United States.[4] It is 8 miles north of Hill City, along U.S. Route 85. It is about 20 feet below the surface of Sheridan Lake. Spring Creek empties into the north end of Sheridan Lake. The Good house is located on the right side of U.S. Route 85A, 6 miles south of the lake and 1.5 miles north of Hill City.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sheridan (historical)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 1986-09-26. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Dickson, Gary. "Sheridan (Golden City)". Ghost Towns. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "From Pennington County’s History…". Pennington County, SD. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Wolle, Muriel Sibell (1966) [1953]. The Bonanza Trail: Ghost Towns and Mining Camps of the West (5th ed.). Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 444.