Sheridan, Wyoming

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sheridan, Wyoming
City
View of south Sheridan from I-90
View of south Sheridan from I-90
Location of Sheridan, Wyoming
Location of Sheridan, Wyoming
Coordinates: 44°47′48″N 106°57′32″W / 44.79667°N 106.95889°W / 44.79667; -106.95889Coordinates: 44°47′48″N 106°57′32″W / 44.79667°N 106.95889°W / 44.79667; -106.95889
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Sheridan
Government
 • Mayor Dave Kinskey
Area[1]
 • Total 10.95 sq mi (28.36 km2)
 • Land 10.93 sq mi (28.31 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 3,743 ft (1,141 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 17,444
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 17,698
 • Density 1,596.0/sq mi (616.2/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 82801
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-69845[4]
GNIS feature ID 1594251[5]
Website www.city-sheridan-wy.com

Sheridan is a city in Sheridan County, Wyoming, United States. The 2010 census put the population at 17,444 and a Micropolitan Statistical Area of 29,116.[6] It is the county seat of Sheridan County.

History[edit]

The city was named after General Philip Sheridan, Union cavalry leader in the American Civil War.[7] The city is also only a short distance away from the site of the Battle of Little Bighorn, in which General Custer was killed.

Geography and climate[edit]

Sheridan is located at 44°47′48″N 106°57′32″W / 44.79667°N 106.95889°W / 44.79667; -106.95889 (44.796720, −106.958970).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.95 square miles (28.36 km2), of which, 10.93 square miles (28.31 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Sheridan experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk),[9] with cold, dry winters and hot, wet summers.

Climate data for Sheridan, Wyoming (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
76
(24)
80
(27)
87
(31)
95
(35)
106
(41)
107
(42)
106
(41)
103
(39)
93
(34)
81
(27)
77
(25)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 36.2
(2.3)
39.0
(3.9)
48.4
(9.1)
57.4
(14.1)
66.7
(19.3)
76.7
(24.8)
87.1
(30.6)
86.3
(30.2)
74.2
(23.4)
60.1
(15.6)
45.9
(7.7)
35.2
(1.8)
59.43
(15.23)
Average low °F (°C) 11.4
(−11.4)
14.2
(−9.9)
22.0
(−5.6)
29.8
(−1.2)
38.2
(3.4)
46.4
(8)
53.0
(11.7)
51.6
(10.9)
41.6
(5.3)
30.9
(−0.6)
19.4
(−7)
10.6
(−11.9)
30.76
(−0.69)
Record low °F (°C) −36
(−38)
−38
(−39)
−23
(−31)
−10
(−23)
13
(−11)
27
(−3)
35
(2)
26
(−3)
6
(−14)
−12
(−24)
−27
(−33)
−41
(−41)
−41
(−41)
Precipitation inches (mm) .56
(14.2)
.54
(13.7)
.97
(24.6)
1.60
(40.6)
2.35
(59.7)
2.12
(53.8)
1.17
(29.7)
.71
(18)
1.43
(36.3)
1.37
(34.8)
.70
(17.8)
.56
(14.2)
14.08
(357.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 9.4
(23.9)
9.1
(23.1)
10.4
(26.4)
9.0
(22.9)
1.5
(3.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.8
(7.1)
5.4
(13.7)
8.2
(20.8)
11.7
(29.7)
67.5
(171.4)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.1 7.2 10.2 10.4 11.9 10.3 7.6 6.3 7.0 8.2 7.2 7.4 100.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.8 7.8 8.0 5.0 .8 .1 0 0 1.0 3.1 6.4 8.0 46.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 155.0 172.3 229.4 243.0 279.0 312.0 350.3 322.4 255.0 204.6 147.0 148.8 2,818.8
Source: NOAA (extremes 1907–present),[10] HKO (sun, 1961−1990)[11]

Economy[edit]

Like many towns in the western United States, Sheridan's early industries included cattle ranching, logging, coal mining, railroading, agriculture, and small factories including a flour mill, brewery, and sugarbeet refinery. Residents today find employment in many fields including nearby coal mines; education; coal bed methane extraction; health care; retailing; banking; law firms; city, county, and state government; National Forest; home construction; and a large number of small businesses; farming; and ranching.

Transportation[edit]

Bus service is available in Sheridan through Arrow/Blackhills Stage Lines. There is currently no local service; however, the Sheridan Trolley runs from Memorial Day through Labor Day.

Sheridan is served by Sheridan County Airport, located southwest of town. Bighorn Airways offers airplane and helicopter air charter service, as well as an aircraft repair and installation center. Cheyenne-based Great Lakes Airlines offers service to Denver, Colorado.

Education[edit]

Public education in the city of Sheridan is provided by Sheridan County School District #2. There are six elementary, two junior (or middle) schools-Sheridan Junior High and The Wright Place, and two high schools-Sheridan High School and Ft. Mackenzie High Schools. The Wright Place and Ft. Mackenzie High School are considered alternative education programs.[12] In addition the district supports home schooling. Private and parochial schools are operated by Normative Services, Holy Name Parish (Holy Name School), and several religion-based organizations. The Northern Wyoming Community College District offers post-secondary education with Sheridan College.[citation needed]

In 2008, Sheridan High School was named #1,348 of the 1,355 best public high schools by Newsweek magazine.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 281
1900 1,559 454.8%
1910 8,408 439.3%
1920 9,175 9.1%
1930 8,538 −6.9%
1940 10,529 23.3%
1950 11,500 9.2%
1960 11,651 1.3%
1970 10,856 −6.8%
1980 15,146 39.5%
1990 13,900 −8.2%
2000 15,804 13.7%
2010 17,444 10.4%
[6]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 17,444 people, 7,680 households, and 4,296 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,596.0 inhabitants per square mile (616.2 /km2). There were 8,253 housing units at an average density of 755.1 per square mile (291.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 0.4% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population.

There were 7,680 households of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.1% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 39.2 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 27.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 15,804 people, 7,005 households, and 4,062 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,862.4 people per square mile (718.7/km²). There were 7,413 housing units at an average density of 873.6 per square mile (337.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.93% White, 0.22% African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population. 24.0% were of German, 12.5% English, 10.3% Irish, 7.6% United States or American, 5.9% Norwegian and 5.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 7,005 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.0% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,420, and the median income for a family was $40,106. Males had a median income of $30,829 versus $19,783 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,500. About 8.6% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Sheridan is governed via the mayor-council system. The city consists of six members elected from one of three wards with each ward electing two members. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote.[citation needed] The city has its own police department.

The United States Postal Service operates the Sheridan Post Office.[14]

The Wyoming Department of Family Services Juvenile Services Division operates the Wyoming Girls' School, located in unincorporated Sheridan County, near Sheridan.[15][16] The facility was operated by the Wyoming Board of Charities and Reform until that agency was dissolved as a result of a state constitutional amendment passed in November 1990.[17]

Local media[edit]

Radio

Two stations are public radio stations; KSUW FM 91.3, is a Wyoming Public Radio station and KPRQ FM 88.1, via translator from Montana State University - Billings in Billings.

Television

Five television stations are available in Sheridan:

Newspapers

The Sheridan Press is the local newspaper. The Billings Gazette and Casper Star Tribune are regional newspapers available in Sheridan.

Representation in media[edit]

Several scenes of the 2006 film Flicka were filmed on location in Sheridan. It was based on the novel, My Friend Flicka.

In the film K-PAX, Sheridan is the first stickpin location on a map of cattle slaughter companies. Movies filmed in the area include Wild Horses and Endangered Species.

Sheridan is mentioned briefly in Douglas Adams' final sci-fi work, The Salmon of Doubt.

Sheridan is frequently mentioned in the Colonial Radio serial of the Old West, Powder River.

Sheridan is frequently mentioned in a series of fictional novels by author C. J. Box.

In 1986, MTV hosted the world premiere of Prince's movie Under The Cherry Moon in the city.[18]

Tourism[edit]

Sheridan was ranked number one by the True West Magazine in 2006 among the Top Western Towns. It was ranked sixth in 2007.,[19] It is a vacation destination as well as a travel stop, due to its proximity to Interstate 90 and U.S. Route 14.

Additionally, in 2009, Sheridan appeared on Newsmax magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns," a piece written by current CBS News travel editor Peter Greenberg. In the cover story, Greenberg called Sheridan "the real deal" and praised it for preserving "its rich American history."[20]

Ten sites in and near Sheridan are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including:

Trail End State Historic Site
  • Trail End State Historic Site - 400 Clarendon Avenue - A mansion finished in 1913 that was the home of John Benjamin Kendrick (1857–1933). Kendrick was a cattle rancher who served as governor of Wyoming before being elected to three terms as a United States senator. Trail End is now a state-operated museum and is known locally as the Kendrick Mansion. Most of the contents of the museum are original to the Kendrick family. The mansion and carriage house were designed by Glenn Charles McAlister, a self-taught architect from Billings, Montana. In 1979 the mansion's carriage house was converted into a small theater for the performing arts, dubbed The Carriage House Theater.
Sheridan County Courthouse

Museums in Sheridan include the Sheridan County Museum and King's Saddlery Museum. The latter's exhibits display Western leather work (especially saddles) and cover Western history.[24]

The City of Sheridan maintains nine parks. Kendrick Park, at the corner of Badger and Beaver Streets, includes a children's play area, a seasonal ice cream shop, a swimming pool, chainsaw carvings,[25] and a buffalo and elk conservatory.

Every summer in the second week of July, Sheridan hosts the WYO Rodeo. Rodeo Week events include a parade, the "Sneakers and Spurs" run, a rubber duck race on Big Goose Creek in Kendrick Park, a carnival at the fairgrounds, and a golf tournament at the country club. On the final day of Rodeo Week, a tailgate party and polo game are held in nearby Big Horn, Wyoming.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of State / U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  7. ^ "Profile for Sheridan, Wyoming". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L., and McMahon, T. A.: Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633–1644, 2007.
  10. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-07-05. 
  11. ^ "Climatological Information for Sheridan, United States". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  12. ^ Fort Mackenzie High School Student Handbook, Sheridan County School District #2.
  13. ^ "Top Public High Schools". Newsweek. Archived from the original on July 2, 2008. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Post Office Location - SHERIDAN." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  15. ^ "Wyoming Girls’ School." Wyoming Department of Family Services. Retrieved on August 22, 2010. "Wyoming Girls’ School 3500 Big Horn Ave Sheridan, WY 82801"
  16. ^ "Sheridan city, Wyoming." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  17. ^ "About the Department of Corrections." Wyoming Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  18. ^ Friendly, David (3 July 1986). "Prince For A Day In Wyoming". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  19. ^ True West Magazine, January/February 2007 issue, p. 28.
  20. ^ Greenberg, Peter. "Newsmax Magazine Rates the Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities And Towns". Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  21. ^ [1] SheridanMedia Website. Blair, Pat. (2014, March 23). Original courthouse still stands. (Retrieved 2014-03-24.)
  22. ^ [2] SheridanMedia Website. Blair, Pat. (2014, April 6). Holy Name school among newest on National Register. (Retrieved 2014-04-06.)
  23. ^ [3] SheridanMedia Website. Blair, Pat. (2014, March 30). Gothic Revival architecture earns listing for church. (Retrieved 2014-04-01.)
  24. ^ Wyoming State Historical Society.
  25. ^ [4] The Sheridan Press Website. Sheely, Justin. (2013, May 25, p. C1). Carving art with a chainsaw. (Retrieved 2014-03-19.)
  26. ^ "Jim Benepe". PGA Tour. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  27. ^ "HARRISON, William Henry, (1896 - 1990)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  28. ^ "KENDRICK, John Benjamin, (1857 - 1933)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  29. ^ "68 Clint Oldenburg, T". CBSSports.com. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  30. ^ "John Pilch NBA statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  31. ^ "Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  32. ^ Associated Press (13 October 1984). "Ranch's Royal Guest Arrives for Weekend". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Georgen, Cynde. In the Shadow of the Bighorns: A history of early Sheridan and the Goose Creek valley of northern Wyoming. Sheridan, Wyoming: Sheridan County Historical Society, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9792871-7-6
  • Georgen, Cynde. Snippets of Sheridan County History: 366 Newsy Little Stories from the First 125 Years of Sheridan County, Wyoming, 1888-2013. Sheridan, Wyoming: Sheridan County Historical Society, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9792871-8-3
  • Georgen, Cynde A. One cowboy's dream: John B. Kendrick, his family, home, and ranching empire. 2nd edition, revised. Virginia Beach, Virginia: The Donning Company Publishers, 2004. ISBN 1-57864-239-6
  • Morton, Sam. Where the rivers run north. Sheridan County Historical Society Press, 2007. ISBN 0-9790841-0-5
  • Popovich, Charles W. Sheridan, Wyoming, and area historical sites: easy reading. 2004.
  • Sagebrush scholars of Sagebrush Elementary School, Sheridan, Wyoming. Our Wyoming heritage : as seen through the eyes of the young. 1990. ISBN 0-932707-20-3

External links[edit]