RNLB J C Madge (ON 536)

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Sheringham Lifeboat J C Madge ON 536.jpg
RNLB J C Madge (ON 536)
Career British RNLI Flag
Owner: Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI)
Builder: Thames Iron Works, Blackwall, London
Official Number: ON 536
Donor: A legacy of Mr James C. Madge of Southampton
Station Sheringham
Cost: £1,435 16s 6d
Yard number: TK68
Launched: 30 November 1904
Christened: 13 December 1904 by a Miss Upcher, daughter of Mr H. R. Upcher JP
Acquired: 1904
Commissioned: December 1904
Decommissioned: 22 June 1936
Fate: sold out of service, repurchased for restoration in 1989, Now Displayed in Sheringham Museum, The Mo.
General characteristics
Class & type: Liverpool class
Type: non-self righting
Tonnage: 5 tons 7 cwt
Displacement: 12 tons 1cwt
Length: 41 ft (12 m) overall
Beam: 11 ft (3.4 m)
Installed power: dipping lug sail
Propulsion: 16 oars, double banked
Crew: 19
Notes: On 14 August 1999 The National Historic Ships Committee added the J C Madge to the National Register of Historic Vessels (Certificate no 1763)

RNLB J C Madge (ON 536) was a Liverpool-class, non-self righting lifeboat[1][2] stationed at Sheringham in the English county of Norfolk[3] from December 1904 until June 1936 during which time she was launched on service 34 times and saved 58 lives. J C Madge was replaced by Forester’s Centenary (ON 786).

Design and construction[edit]

J C Madge was built at the Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company in Blackwall in 1903 at the cost of £1,436 16s 6d.[1] She was paid for from a legacy of £2,000 left to the RNLI by a Mr James C Madge, a chemist, of Southampton.[1] The design was a Liverpool class, non-self righting, pulling and sailing lifeboat. J C Madge was 41 feet (12 m) in length, making her the largest[1] and the only one built of the Liverpool type lifeboat built. The boat was built using the Clinker method of constructing hulls.

The boat was fitted with two sliding or drop-keels and two water-ballast tanks. The lifeboat had two masts of which the fore-mast carried a dipping lug sail and the mizzen mast a standing lug sail.[1] The boat had two drop keels and was fitted out with water ballast tanks. She pulled 16 oars which were double banked for heavy weather. Her Launching carriage was built by the Bristol Wagon & Carriage Works Company,[4] which was delivered separately by rail to Sheringham. This carriage was constructed with larger front wheels installed with a series of flat metal plates around circumference of each wheel. Their purpose was to help prevent the boat sinking into areas of soft sand.

Heavy ropes were attached to the carriage, and a team of 30 or more men would haul her into the waves at launch times. She was then rowed out through the surf, but if this was not possible then the lifeboat was pulled out to sea using a haul-off warp[2] (a windlass), by use of a thick rope anchored some 200 metres off shore and fixed at the beach end to a post by the lifeboat house. There was a large manually operated winch situated at the back of the boathouse to assist in recovering the boat after launch.

Delivery[edit]

The J C Madge left the yard of the Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company on 30 November 1904, crewed by the Coxswain William "Click" Bishop and six crewmen. She was sailed around the east coast from the Blackwall yard in fair weather, with overnight stops at Harwich and Great Yarmouth, arriving in Sheringham on 2 December 1904. When she arrived at Sheringham she was housed in a new purpose built lifeboat shed at Old Hythe which was a mile west of Sheringham. The new lifeboat was inaugurated on 13 December 1904 at a ceremony at Old Hythe were J C Madge was christened by the daughter of the president of the local RNLI Branch Mr H R Upcher. JP.

Service[edit]

The Lifeboat J C Madge[5] was on station at Old Hythe, Sheringham for 30 years and she was launched a total of 34 times and she is credited with saving 58 lives. The first service was on 6 January to the Barge Gothic and Teutonic, both of London. The crews were removed and landed in Sheringham and later the J C Madge and the fisherman’s lifeboat Henry Ramey Upcher towed both barges to Great Yarmouth.

SS Uller[edit]

One notable service was to the steamship SS Uller[1] of Bergen on 24 February 1916. The steamship was bound for La Pallice from Sunderland with a cargo of coal and had foundered on a Dudgeon sands. Amid heavy snow storms and gale force winds the J C Madge stood by her all night in appalling conditions. In the morning the lifeboat escorted SS Uller to the Humber Estuary fifty-three miles away.[1]

The last service by J C Madge was to the Sheringham fishing boat Little Madge on 2 April 1936. Little Madge had got into difficulties and the lifeboat had taken of her crew of two and taken her in to tow, only for both vessels to be towed to safety by the Cromer Lifeboat RNLB H F Bailey III (ON 777).

Retirement[edit]

After her retirement from service at Sheringham, Lifeboat J C Madge was replaced by the Foresters Centenary.[1] The lifeboat remained at Sheringham for over a month before being sold out of service for £80 to W Gillard of Wembley, Middlesex.[1] She was converted into a private pleasure craft with a cabin added. The boat was used around the coast of Norfolk and Lincolnshire for many years. In 1988[1] J C Madge was displayed at the Sheringham stations annual lifeboat Day. Following her appearance there, £30,000[1] was raised and she was repurchased for restoration in 1989 by the Sheringham Museum Trust. In the summer of 1989[1] the J C Madge was sailed from Brancaster around the coast to the Lowestoft international boatbuilding collage at Oulton Broad where she was restored to her former lifeboat appearance and use. On 14 August 1999[1] the National Historic Ships Committee added the J C Madge to the National Register of Historic Vessels (Certificate no 1763).[1] From March 2010 she is on permanent display at the new Sheringham Museum

Coxswains of the J C Madge[edit]

During the period of time that J C Madge was on station at Sheringham there were three Coxswains and they were as follows

  • William 'Click' Bishop, 1904 to 1914
  • Obadiah Craske Cooper, 1914 to 1924
  • James Edward Dumble,[6] 1924 to 1936

Service and rescues of J C Madge[edit]

J C Madge (ON 536)
RNLI FLAG.png
Date Casualty Lives saved
1906
6 January Barge Gothic of London, gave help 3
7 January Barge Gothic of London, gave help to save barge
1909
24/25 November Barge Lord Morton of London, save barge 3
1911
8 April Whelk boats, of Sheringham, saved two boats 6
8 April Whelk boats, of Sheringham (Second Launch of the Day), saved two boats 6
1916
24 February Steamship Uller, of Bergen, stood by and escorted to safety
16 March Steamship Rhenania, of London (Prize vessel CT.5), assisted to save vessel
6 May Steamship Theodor, of London (Prize vessel CS.73), assisted to save vessel 7
1918
18 April Steamship Alice Taylor,[7] of Dundee, saved 18
1919
15 July Airship NS11 crashed near Blakeney, Unsuccessful search[8]
1924
9 February Barge Oceanic, of London, saved barge 3
1925
15 November Four-mast schooner Ingebord, of Helsingborg, assisted to save vessel 10
1927
12 February Steamship Helmsmen,[9] of Newcastle, stood by
1930
5 January Steamship Lestris, of Bruges, gave help
1935
31 May Three-mast schooner Six Sisters, of Hull, gave help
1936
2 April Fishing boat Little Madge, of Sheringham, saved boat 2

The lifeboat displayed at Sheringham Museum[edit]

Preceded by
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RNLB William Bennett (ON 11)
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RNLB J C Madge (ON 536)

1904 to 1936
Succeeded by
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RNLB Forester’s Centenary (ON 786)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Sheringham Lifeboats: By Leach, Nicholas and Russell, Paul :Published by landmark Pub Ltd, 2009: ISBN 978-1-84306-473-2
  2. ^ a b The Sheringham Lifeboats, 1838-200: By Bensley, Mick: Published :Bengunn 2003:ISBN 0-9533998-1-8
  3. ^ OS Explorer Map 252 - Norfolk Coast East. ISBN 978-0-319-23815-8.
  4. ^ "The Bristol Wagon & Carriage Works Co Ltd". The Bristol Wagon and Carriage Works Co., Ltd. – description of the Company. ©Strictly Copyright E.G.Brain. 1996. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  5. ^ Lists of British life-boats:Part 1: By Farr, Grahame : Published: Lifeboat Enthusiasts' Society, 1992 : ISBN 978-0-902792-09-8
  6. ^ Lifeboat Gallantry RNLI medals and how they were won. Edited by:Barry Cox. Published:Spink, London, 1998. Page 291.ISBN 0 907605 89 3
  7. ^ The ships wreck details Retrieved on 5 March 2013.
  8. ^ Loss of N.S.11. Retrieved on 5 March 2013.
  9. ^ Ships Details and eventual Loss Retrieved on 5 March 2013.